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Surface generalizations 1

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Since the earliest days of generative grammar, there has existed a strong tendency to consider one construction in relation to a particular rough paraphrase. Initially, this was a result of the ... More


Commanding and permitting

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter identifies a second set of ditransitive verbs: the verbs of commanding and permitting. Unlike the verbs of persuading and urging discussed in the Chapter 3, which have a thematic ... More


Commissives

Bettelou Los

in The Rise of the To-Infinitive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274765
eISBN:
9780191705885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274765.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter focuses on a third type of ditransitive: commissives, with meanings like ‘promise’. The commissives are interesting in that finite clauses are still their preferred complement in ... More


Verb meaning and argument structure constructions

William Croft

in Verbs: Aspect and Causal Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199248582
eISBN:
9780191740657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 9, “Verb meaning and argument structure constructions”, addresses the question of the relationship between the meaning of a verb and the meaning of the argument structure construction(s) it ... More


Double Object Structures

Paul M. Postal

in Edge-Based Clausal Syntax: A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014816
eISBN:
9780262295482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014816.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter focuses on double object structures (or ditransitive structures) and the common alternations of the first object with prepositionally marked ones. It considers two patterns: Class A ... More


Passivization Targets: II

Paul M. Postal

in Edge-Based Clausal Syntax: A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014816
eISBN:
9780262295482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014816.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

It is not theoretically possible for an English 2 arc cooccurring with a final 3 arc to be a prepassive arc of either type. That English ditransitive clauses cannot have periphrastic 2 object passive ... More


Case and alignment

Ian Roberts

in Parameter Hierarchies and Universal Grammar

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198804635
eISBN:
9780191842856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804635.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Case parameters determine, directly or indirectly, many aspects of grammatical-function realization, change, and alignment. The classic example of a grammatical-function-changing operation is the ... More


Passivization Targets: III

Paul M. Postal

in Edge-Based Clausal Syntax: A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014816
eISBN:
9780262295482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014816.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter focuses on English periphrastic passives and the most basic constraints on English passivization. It discusses the distinction between Class A ditransitives and Class B ditransitives and ... More


Clauses with ThatClause Complements

Paul M. Postal

in Edge-Based Clausal Syntax: A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014816
eISBN:
9780262295482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014816.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter deals with various clauses having that clause complements, including those containing what appear to be 3 objects. It illustrates how clauses offer important insights into English ... More


Core and Noncore Datives in French

Nora Boneh & Léa Nash

in Variation in Datives: A Microcomparative Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199937363
eISBN:
9780199980710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937363.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter investigates the syntactic and semantic properties of core and noncore datives in French. It is shown that despite their superficial similarity, core and noncore datives present several ... More


Encoding applied arguments

Xuhui Hu

in Encoding Events: Functional Structure and Variation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198808466
eISBN:
9780191846069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808466.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter applies the theoretical framework of events to the study of non-core arguments. The applied argument in the symmetric applicative construction is introduced by a PP. This PP serves as ... More


Grammatical change in Sinitic languages and its relation to typology

Alain Peyraube

in Diversity in Sinitic Languages

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198723790
eISBN:
9780191791130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723790.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter sets out to discuss the links between the two domains of historical linguistics and typology, showing that it is actually quite indirect. The three basic mechanisms which govern ... More


Dative case in Old English: An overview

Cynthia L. Allen

in Dative External Possessors in Early English

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198832263
eISBN:
9780191870927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832263.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides an overview of the uses of dative case in constructions other than dative external possessors, such as ‘ethical’ datives and dative objects of transitive and ditransitive verbs. ... More


Modelling interactions between morphosyntactic changes

Hezekiah Akiva Bacovcin

in Micro-change and Macro-change in Diachronic Syntax

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198747840
eISBN:
9780191810732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747840.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter addresses the statistical modelling of ‘failed changes’, i.e., changes that reverse instead of going to completion. The chapter compares two models: a symmetrical model derived by ... More


Resolving alignment conflicts: A competing motivations approach

Andrej Malchukov

in Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709848
eISBN:
9780191780158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The present chapter addresses a thorny question of whether individual constructions reveal alignment preferences with respect to monotransitive (accusative vs. ergative) and ditransitive (indirective ... More


Edges of adjunct and secondary predication

Heejeong Ko

in Edges in Syntax: Scrambling and Cyclic Linearization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199660261
eISBN:
9780191749162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660261.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 5 explores interactions between types of predication and ordering patterns at syntactic edges. First, it argues that scrambling within a resultative predication is impossible owing to the ... More


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