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Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Ivana Markova (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The ten chapters in this book are concerned with theoretical and empirical analyses of trust and distrust in post-Communist Europe after the collapse of the Soviet bloc in 1989. The contributors come ... More


Democratic Challenges, Democratic Choices: The Erosion of Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Russell J. Dalton

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199268436
eISBN:
9780191708572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268436.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Most democratic citizens today are distrustful of politicians, political parties, and political institutions. Where once democracies expected an allegiant public, citizens now question the very ... More


A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Max. M Edling

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In this new interpretation of America's origins, the author argues that during the Constitutional debates, the Federalists were primarily concerned with building a state able to act vigorously in ... More


Finland: From Political Amateurs to Political Class

Ilkka Ruostetsaari

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In historical perspective, the history of Finland's political class is one of gradual growth. Parliamentary salaries and public party financing were established before 1967, thus laying the ... More


Sweden: Between Participation Ideal and Professionalism

Magnus Hagevi

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The participation ideal has affected Swedish politics in many ways and at first seems to contradict the notion of a professional political class. Yet, this has never been true for the national level ... More


What Does a Representative Do? Descriptive Representation in Communicative Settings of Distrust, Uncrystallized Interests, and Historically Denigrated Status

Jane Mansbridge

in Citizenship in Diverse Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780198297703
eISBN:
9780191602948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829770X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Disadvantaged groups may want to be represented by individuals who in their own backgrounds mirror the typical experiences of that group; these are descriptive representatives. The analysis presented ... More


Parties in Contemporary Democracies: Problems and Paradoxes

Juan J. Linz

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Juan Linz examines the same theme of anti‐party sentiments among citizens in contemporary democracies as did the previous chapter, but from an entirely different perspective. He starts by looking at ... More


Majority and Minority Perspectives in Intergroup Relations: The Role of Contact, Group Representations, Threat, and Trust in Intergroup Conflict and Reconciliation

John F. Dovidio, Samuel L. Gaertner, Melissa-Sue John, Samer Halabi, Tamar Saguy, Adam R. Pearson, and Blake M. Riek

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the potential roles of intergroup representations, threat, and trust in the dynamics of intergroup relations between Whites and Blacks. It first explores the psychological ... More


Trust as a Psychosocial Feeling: Socialization and Totalitarianism

Patrick Waiter and Ivana Marková

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Georg Simmel, who is well known for his study of the emerging social conditions of sociality and its forms, developed the analysis of psychosocial feelings and emotional categories in order to grasp ... More


Diffuse Trust or Diffuse Analysis? The Specificity of Political Distrust in Post-Communist Europe

William L. Miller, Tatyana Y. Koshechkina, and ÅSE B. GRØDELAND

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Political theorists claim that political trust is located on the continuum that runs from blind faith to enforceable contract. Trust ‘as passion’ borders on blind faith, while trust ‘as calculation’ ... More


Trust and Distrust in Old and New Democracies

Petr Macek and Ivana Marková

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Research on the transition of countries in post-Communist Europe towards democracy mostly indicates that there is more political and institutional trust in Western democratic countries than in the ... More


The Aftermath of Communism and the Vicissitudes of Public Trust

John Dunn

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The disintegration of the Soviet Union, and the collapse of the Soviet model of legitimate political authority throughout Europe, Africa, and mainland Central America, formed the largest single shift ... More


A Riot of Conspiracies

Gary Alan Fine and Bill Ellis

in The Global Grapevine: Why Rumors of Terrorism, Immigration, and Trade Matter

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736317
eISBN:
9780199866458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736317.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Many rumors concerning the September 11 terrorist attacks claimed that the event was in fact caused by a plot secretly planned by a secret group of evil elites. This chapter proposes a methodology of ... More


Migrants: Disease in the Body Politic

Gary Alan Fine and Bill Ellis

in The Global Grapevine: Why Rumors of Terrorism, Immigration, and Trade Matter

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736317
eISBN:
9780199866458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736317.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Contemporary immigrants who enter the United States to work or settle are assumed to bring with them habits of crime, laziness, and lack of hygiene. This chapter puts these modern rumor cycles into ... More


Why Americans Don’t Trust the Government and Don’t Trust Healthcare

Robert J. Blendon

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The United States has had a history of having increasing levels of distrust of the government, from the founding fathers to the Vietnam War to scandals in recent years. This chapter demonstrates how ... More


California in the New Millennium: The Changing Social and Political Landscape

Mark Baldassare

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225121
eISBN:
9780520928817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225121.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

What will California look like by the middle of the twenty-first century? Change is occurring in the state at a breathtaking pace. It will face many extraordinary challenges. Yet today most ... More


For-Profit Democracy: Why the Government Is Losing the Trust of Rural America

Loka Ashwood

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300215359
eISBN:
9780300235142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215359.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Why is government distrust rampant, especially in the rural United States? This book offers a simple explanation: corporations and the government together dispossess rural people of their prosperity, ... More


The Emergence of Private Petitions

GWILYM DODD

in Justice and Grace: Private Petitioning and the English Parliament in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202805
eISBN:
9780191708015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202805.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the origins and early history of the private petition, focussing on the final two decades of the late 13th century. The chapter is split into two subsections: the first ... More


Restoring Trust in Organizations and Leaders: Enduring Challenges and Emerging Answers

Roderick M. Kramer and Todd L. Pittinsky (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199756087
eISBN:
9780199949571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756087.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Corporate Governance and Accountability

Recent events around the world, especially in the financial sector and with respect to government performance, have severely undermined people’s trust in both private organizations and public ... More


American Democracy: The Shape of Democracy Itself

Cheryl B. Welch

in De Tocqueville

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198781318
eISBN:
9780191695414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198781318.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the contributions to social and political analysis of Tocqueville's major published texts: Democracy in America I, and Democracy in America II. In the first text, he argues that ... More


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