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Information and Organization: A New Perspective on the Theory of the Firm

Mark Casson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297802
eISBN:
9780191596063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297807.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Offers a vision of the economy as a system of structured information flow. The structuring is effected by institutions, and in particular, by firms, which specialize in processing the information ... More


Re‐running Elections Under Alternative Electoral Systems

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Together with Chs 5 and 6, Ch. 7 forms the historical, empirical, and quantitative heart of the book, providing the foundational evidence against which earlier postulated theories are gauged (Ch 1 ... More


Choosing an Electoral System 1

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the third of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, and deals with the theoretical ... More


Electoral Reform in Bolivia: Origins of the Mixed‐Member Proportional System

René Antonio Mayorga

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In 1994, Bolivia undertook a major constitutional and electoral reform, in which a closed‐list proportional representation (PR) system for the Lower House of the Congress was replaced by a ... More


The Mixed‐Member Proportional System and Its Consequences in Bolivia

René Antonio Mayorga

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Bolivia's mixed‐member proportional (MMP) electoral system was only established in 1994 and was applied for the first time in the elections of June 1997, so it is not yet possible to make a ... More


Evaluating Hungary's Mixed‐Member Electoral System

Kenneth Benoit

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The electoral system adopted by Hungary in 1989 represents a monument to the potential for institutional design through bargaining to produce complex yet stable institutions. The key compromise ... More


Mixed‐Member Electoral Systems: A Definition and Typology

Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mixed‐member electoral systems are described as a mixture of two principles of electoral system design: majoritarian systems, which usually have single‐seat districts with plurality rule and tend to ... More


Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

For a given electoral system, what average number and size distribution of parties can we expect? This book makes specific predictions that agree with world averages. The basic factors are assembly ... More


The Mean Duration of Cabinets

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Again the quantity to watch is the ‘seat product’. The inverse square law of cabinet durations says that the mean cabinet duration in a country is approximately forty-two years divided by the square ... More


How to Simplify Complex Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Resistance to simplifying a complex electoral system is at its least when the existing number and size of parties are not altered. The existing effective number of parties is most likely to be ... More


The Institutional Impact on Votes and Deviation from PR

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Using nothing but the product of assembly size and district magnitude, a quantitatively predictive logical model allows us to estimate the average effective number of parties based on votes. Average ... More


Thresholds of Representation and the Number of Pertinent Electoral Parties

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The nationwide threshold of minimal representation is the average vote share needed to win one seat in the assembly. It is close to 38% divided by the square root of the seat product (assembly size ... More


The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Masayuki Tanimoto

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter provides an introduction to the book and relates the succeeding chapters to theoretical and comparative issues in the English-language literature. It presents an overview of author’s ... More


Electoral Systems—Simple and Complex

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

To allocate seats to candidates or parties, even a simple electoral system must specify at least the following: the total number of seats in the assembly (assembly size); the number of seats ... More


Openness to Small Parties: The Micro‐Mega Rule and the Seat Product

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The micro-mega rule says that for representation of small parties, it helps to have large assembly sizes, large district magnitudes, and large quotas or large gaps between divisors in seat allocation ... More


The Duvergerian Agenda

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Starting with the characteristics of the electoral systems, the ‘Duvergerian agenda’ aims at predicting the average seat and vote share distributions of parties, the effective number of parties, and ... More


The Number of Seat‐Winning Parties and the Largest Seat Share

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The quantity to watch is the ‘seat product’ — the product of the assembly size and district magnitude. The number of parties represented in the assembly is approximately the fourth root of the seat ... More


Seat Shares of All Parties and the Effective Number of Parties

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

As with Chapter 8, the ‘seat product’ is the important quantity to watch. The effective number of parties represented in the assembly is approximately the sixth root of the seat product. The average ... More


The Development of a Rural Weaving Industry and its Social Capital

Hisami Matsuzaki

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines a rural weaving district within the context of ‘regional community’. The activities of traders in the Isezaki weaving district, including clothiers, factors, and local bankers, ... More


Communal Action in the Development of Regional Industrial Policy: A Case Study of the Kawamata Silk Weaving Industry

Futoshi Yamauchi

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the ‘industrial policy’ executed in the industrial district, Kawamata. The local government and associations made various attempts to support the development of silk weaving ... More


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