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Technologies of Séparation and the Evolution of Social Extension

Clive Gamble

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Archaeological accounts of cognitive evolution have traditionally favoured an internal model of the mind and a search for symbolic proxies. This chapter argues for an external model of cognition and ... More


Macrocognition: A Theory of Distributed Minds and Collective Intentionality

Bryce Huebner

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199926275
eISBN:
9780199347193
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926275.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

We live in an age of scientific collaboration, popular uprisings, failing political parties, and increasing corporate power. Many of these kinds of collective action derive from the decisions of ... More


Onwards and Upwards with the Extended Mind: From Individual to Collective Epistemic Action

Georg Theiner

in Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019552
eISBN:
9780262314787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

My goal in this chapter is to show that Kirsh and Maglio’s (1994) distinction between pragmatic and epistemic action can be generalized from the level of individuals to that of groups. The concept of ... More


When Is There a Group that Knows?: Distributed Cognition, Scientific Knowledge, and the Social Epistemic Subject

Alexander Bird

in Essays in Collective Epistemology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199665792
eISBN:
9780191748615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665792.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, three questions are posed: (i) When does a collection of individuals form an entity that is more than just the mereological sum of its constituent persons? (ii) Given that there is a ... More


Reflexivity in Buddhist Epistemology: Implications for Cooperative Cognition

John D. Dunne

in Dualities, Dialectics, and Paradoxes in Organizational Life

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827436
eISBN:
9780191866289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827436.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Recent developments in the study of human cognition suggest that, in the context of interacting to accomplish a task together, humans engage in a form of ‘distributed’ or ‘cooperative’ cognition that ... More


Collaborative Memory Knowledge: A Distributed Reliabilist Perspective

Kourken Michaelian and Santiago Arango-Muñoz

in Collaborative Remembering: Theories, Research, and Applications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198737865
eISBN:
9780191820366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198737865.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Collaborative remembering, in which two or more individuals cooperate to remember together, is an ordinary occurrence. Ordinary though it may be, it challenges traditional understandings of memory ... More


Working the Weather: A Shift in the Life of a Weather Forecaster

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter takes the reader on a tour of a NWS forecasting office’s ecology, operations, and culture to ultimately settle into a discussion of the basic routine of a forecast shift—from the moment ... More


Taming Information Technology: Lessons from Studies of System Administrators

Eser Kandogan, Paul Maglio, Eben Haber, and John Bailey

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195374124
eISBN:
9780199979134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374124.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Information technology is the foundation of modern life. When talking on the phone, using the Web, or getting money from an ATM, we rely on computers, networks, and databases – systems of information ... More


Cognitive extension and musical consciousness

Lawrence M. Zbikowski

in Music and Consciousness 2: Worlds, Practices, Modalities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198804352
eISBN:
9780191842672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804352.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores how the notion of cognitive extension, which is the idea that cognitive processes can be extended through material resources, reshapes the way we think about musical ... More


Enaction, Imagination, and Insight

Edwin Hutchins

in Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014601
eISBN:
9780262289795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014601.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses distributed cognition as a framework for exploring the cognitive implications of the commonsense observation that different properties may emerge at different levels of ... More


Intelligence on a Communal Scale: An Enriched Theory of Distributed Cognition

Ellen Spolsky

in The Contracts of Fiction: Cognition, Culture, Community

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190232146
eISBN:
9780190232177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190232146.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, World Literature

This chapter explores the similarities between natural and humanly constructed affordances in search of evidence that imaginative representations can work, not only for individual understanding, but ... More


Group Know-How

S. Orestis Palermos and Deborah P. Tollefsen

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

While mainstream epistemology has recently turned its focus on individual know-how (e.g., knowing-how to swim, ride a bike, play chess, etc.), there is very little, if any, work on group know-how ... More


Mind Outside Brain: A Radically Non-Dualist Foundation for Distributed Cognition

Francis Heylighen and Shima Beigi

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We approach the problem of the extended mind from a radically non-dualist perspective. The separation between mind and matter is an artifact of the mechanistic worldview, which leaves no room for ... More


Introduction

Amit Prasad

in Imperial Technoscience: Transnational Histories of MRI in the United States, Britain, and India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026956
eISBN:
9780262322065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026956.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The history of MRI, if we were to rely on published accounts, appears to be a classic exemplification of the diffusion model of science. Not only do the invention and development of MRI appear to ... More


Distributed cognition, ecological theory and group improvisation

Adam Linson and Eric F. Clarke

in Distributed Creativity: Collaboration and Improvisation in Contemporary Music

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780199355914
eISBN:
9780199355945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199355914.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter proposes a way to understand the social, distributed and ecological underpinnings of improvised musical activity. It argues that significant aspects of collaborative performance may ... More


People and Collaboration

Eser Kandogan, Paul P. Maglio, Eben M. Haber, and John Bailey

in Taming Information Technology: Lessons from Studies of System Administrators

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195374124
eISBN:
9780199979134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374124.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter describes the social complexity of IT system administration through the story of George, a Web administrator who worked closely with many others in the course of debugging a new Web ... More


Conclusion

Bryce Huebner

in Macrocognition: A Theory of Distributed Minds and Collective Intentionality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199926275
eISBN:
9780199347193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926275.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter briefly summarizes the main conclusions of the book. It lays out the core elements of the macrocognitive approach to collective mentality, and serves as a reminder that collective ... More


The “Ontological Complicity” of Habitus and Field: Bourdieu as an Externalist

Georg Theiner and Nikolaus Fogle

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter approaches the work of the French sociologist, Pierre Bourdieu, from the point of view of embodied, extended, and distributed cognition. The concepts that form Bourdieu’s central dyad, ... More


“The Wonderful Elaboratory of the Animal Body”: The Royal Society's Repository at Work

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the Royal Society’s early museum at Gresham College in London where objects from the institution’s far-flung contacts were put on public display. Examining the ways in which ... More


Emotions and the social niche

Joel Krueger

in Collective Emotions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199659180
eISBN:
9780191772238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659180.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that emotions might be productively thought of as distributed processes of social niche construction: forms of engagement whereby agents manipulate their social context to ... More


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