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Analysis and Clarity and Distinctness

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583652
eISBN:
9780191723155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter it is shown how Descartes's method for arriving at clear and distinct ideas is what he calls analysis. The chapter explores some of the earliest writings of Descartes (unpublished ... More


The General Theory Continued

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583652
eISBN:
9780191723155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter the general theory of clarity and distinctness is further developed. The chapter explains how Descartes's method of analysis (for establishing the schema of clear and distinct ideas) ... More


Distinctions in Distinction *

Daniel Stoljar

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a putative puzzle between non-reductive physicalism according to which psychological properties are distinct from, yet metaphysically necessitated by, physical properties, ... More


Uttering Trees

Norvin Richards

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013765
eISBN:
9780262282369
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013765.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This book investigates the conditions imposed upon syntax by the need to create syntactic objects that can be interpreted by phonology — that is, objects which can be pronounced. Drawing extensively ... More


Property Dualism

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ontology of property dualism. It puts forward the arguments for the distinctness thesis and shows that they have a degree of force. It provides a sketch of dualist ontology, ... More


A New Model of Composition

Verity Harte

in Plato on Parts and Wholes: The Metaphysics of Structure

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236757
eISBN:
9780191597640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236751.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter, along with the next, focuses on the alternative model of composition that Plato develops to respond to the problems he has posed in his discussion of the rejected model. The focus here ... More


The Search for Method 1619–1625

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Reveals the beginnings of several important projects during Descartes's time in the army of Maximilian I, stationed at Ulm. These include the composition of the first part of the Regulae ad ... More


The Paris Years 1625–1628

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Describes Descartes's time in Paris and the intellectual milieu in which he moved. Reconstructions by Schuster and Shea of his discovery, whilst collaborating with Mydorge on optics, of the law of ... More


A New Beginning 1629–1630

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses possible reasons for Descartes's move to the Netherlands, and his avoidance of patronage there. Considers his work on optics (including the sine law of refraction and the grinding of ... More


The Years of Consolidation 1634–1640

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses various works of Descartes's and their reception, including objections to them and his response to those objections. Météors deals with meteorology, which includes a corpuscular model of ... More


Distinctness

Clarence Bonnen and Daniel Flage

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The paper argues that, for Descartes, an idea of x is distinct only if that idea is subsumed under an eternal truth that specifies the conditions sufficient for x to exist, where x is taken to be an ... More


The Intuition of Distinctness

David Papineau

in Thinking about Consciousness

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243822
eISBN:
9780191598166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243824.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Even materialists will admit that mind‐brain identity is counterintuitive. Some materialist philosophers think that this intuition is due to the plausibility of the standard antimaterialist ... More


Images of nature

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

According to Heinrich Hertz, the aim of theoretical physics is to construct and evaluate images that can be used to predict future events. Yet Hertz seems to take it for granted that these images are ... More


Clarity and Distinctness

in Silencing the Demon's Advocate: The Strategy of Descartes' Meditations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758161
eISBN:
9780804779661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758161.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter analyzes Rene Descartes' view on the concepts of clarity and distinctness. It examines how Descartes makes ideas clear and distinct, explains the connection of his conception of clarity ... More


Descartes’s Pyrrhonian Virtue Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183268
eISBN:
9781400883059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183268.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses how Descartes uses his principle of clarity and distinctness to raise his first-order judgments to the scientia level. Error is what one must avoid, not just falsity; so he ... More


Introduction: Naïve Realist Theories of Colour

Keith Allen

in A Naïve Realist Theory of Colour

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198755364
eISBN:
9780191816659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755364.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Discussions of the nature and existence of colour typically centre around two main issues: what is the relationship of colours to colour perception, and what is the relationship of colours to the ... More


Distinctness

Keith Allen

in A Naïve Realist Theory of Colour

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198755364
eISBN:
9780191816659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755364.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents an argument for Distinctness, the claim that colours are distinct from the properties identified by the physical sciences. The argument for Distinctness is a variation on ... More


Causation

Keith Allen

in A Naïve Realist Theory of Colour

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198755364
eISBN:
9780191816659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755364.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers a common line of objection to Distinctness: the Causal Exclusion Argument. According to the Causal Exclusion Argument, distinct mind-independent colours are causally excluded ... More


Baumgarten and Kant on Clarity, Distinctness, and the Differentiation of our Mental Powers

Rudolf A. Makkreel

in Baumgarten and Kant on Metaphysics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198783886
eISBN:
9780191826535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783886.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines Baumgarten’s empirical psychology by comparing it with Kant’s discussion of the same material in his Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View. Through a careful analysis of ... More


Perceptual Distinctness and Mental Activity

Larry M. Jorgensen

in Leibniz's Naturalized Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198714583
eISBN:
9780191782824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714583.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Leibniz explains both activity and sensation in terms of the relative distinctness of perception. There is some worry that by applying distinctness in this way, Leibniz fails to articulate a univocal ... More


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