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Knowledge Governance: What have We Learned? and Where are We Heading?

Nicolai J. Foss and Snejina Michailova

in Knowledge Governance: Processes and Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235926
eISBN:
9780191717093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235926.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter discusses learning about knowledge governance conveyed in the ten main chapters of the book. It concludes that it makes sense to speak of a distinct field or approach dedicated to ... More


Distinctiveness and Cohesion of Parties

Hermann Schmitt and Jacques Thomassen

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the first of six on the question of political representation in the EU, and the first of four that put the five requirements of the Responsible Party Model (outlined in this chapter) ... More


No Ordinary Suburbs

Lily Geismer

in Don't Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157238
eISBN:
9781400852420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157238.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter shows how structural processes, policies, and national trends intersected with the particular history, geography, and reputation of the Boston area to produce the set of ... More


Constitutional Law and National Pluralism

Stephen Tierney

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199298617
eISBN:
9780191708855
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298617.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Over the past thirty years, sub-State national minorities in a number of developed liberal democracies have both reasserted their cultural distinctiveness and demanded recognition of it in legal and ... More


Cultural Uniqueness

Michael O. Emerson and George Yancey

in Transcending Racial Barriers: Toward a Mutual Obligations Approach

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199742684
eISBN:
9780199943388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742684.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Groups have their own personalities and ways of doing—what we call culture. For distinct groups to come together, they must share a core and they must have distinctions. Our students in race and ... More


Composition of Verses

Kiichiro Itsumi

in Pindaric Metre: The ‘Other Half’

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199229611
eISBN:
9780191710780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229611.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter treats verses as a whole. First, topics common to both metres are discussed, including RSS (ratio of short syllables to long), which is one of the strongest criteria for classifying ... More


Perceptual and Associative Learning

Geoffrey Hall

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Psychologists studying conditioning in animals have developed the traditional notion of association formation to produce formal theories of the mechanisms involved that have wide explanatory power. ... More


Citizen–Party Linkages, Political Institutions, and Type of Party

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

The chapter identifies the conceptual building blocks which will underpin the rest of the study: these are electoral institutions, two models of electoral outcomes, two models of party ... More


Humans Are Biologically Identical across Cultures. So Why Not Medicine?

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses various aspects that are shared by and various differences between the two medical traditions of East and West. Constant efforts by researchers, naturalists, and clinically ... More


What Are Access Points and What Are Their Effects?

Sean D. Ehrlich

in Access Points: An Institutional Theory of Policy Bias and Policy Complexity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737536
eISBN:
9780199918645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737536.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter presents Access Point Theory in detail, explaining what access points are and why the number of access points matter. An access point is a policymaker who might be valuable to lobby and, ... More


Encoding and Retrieval Processes in Distinctiveness Effects: Toward an Integrative Framework

Mark A. McDaniel and Lisa Geraci

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers two general classes of processes: encoding processes and retrieval processes. These two classes are presented as explanations of distinctiveness effects. The contemporary ... More


The Protection of Non-Traditional Trademarks: Critical Perspectives

Irene Calboli and Martin Senftleben (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198826576
eISBN:
9780191865503
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826576.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

During the last decades, non-traditional marks have found their way into trademark registers worldwide. Against this background, the time has come to take stock. Which law and practice has evolved ... More


The Singularity of Being: Lacan and the Immortal Within

Mari Ruti

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823243143
eISBN:
9780823243181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243143.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Singularity of Being presents a Lacanian vision of what makes each of us an inimitable and irreplaceable creature. It argues that, unlike the “subject” (who comes into existence as a result of ... More


The Origins of the International Movement of Indigenous Peoples

Ronald Niezen

in The Origins of Indigenism: Human Rights and the Politics of Identity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520235540
eISBN:
9780520936690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235540.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The main objective of this chapter is to illustrate the way indigenous sovereignty was responded to differently by the international organizations of states at the beginning and at the end of the ... More


The Concept of Human Nature

Thomas Hurka

in Perfectionism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101164
eISBN:
9780199833276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101162.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discusses different possible understandings of human nature, e.g., that it consists in the properties distinctive of humans, essential to them, or distinctive –and essential. In the end, it defends a ... More


Distinctiveness Effects in Children's Memory

Mark L. Howe

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the importance of distinctiveness in the development of memory in childhood. It outlines what research does exist on children's memory and distinctiveness, both in more ... More


Multiple Electrophysiological Indices of Distinctiveness

Monica Fabiani

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Several types of distinctiveness are typically identified in the literature. Among them, primary distinctiveness refers to the fact that some events come to stand out by virtue of the context in ... More


Neural Correlates of Incongruity

Pascale Michelon and Abraham Z. Snyder

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Most of the objects in our environment are familiar and expected in a given situation. A mnemonic advantage can be attributed to the distinctiveness of perceived events. Two types of distinctiveness ... More


Reducing Memory Errors: The Distinctiveness Heuristic

Daniel L. Schacter and Amy L. Wiseman

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The concept of distinctiveness has an extensive history in memory research. Numerous studies have revealed that the memory of an event benefits from a variety of manipulations that increase ... More


Social Identity and Citizenship in a Pluralistic Society

Marilynn B. Brewer

in The Political Psychology of Democratic Citizenship

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195335453
eISBN:
9780199893904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335453.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A large body of research has demonstrated the centrality of group identification to political behaviors and attitudes. This chapter examines the interrelationships among multiple overlapping group ... More


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