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A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

John Russell Roberts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

George Berkeley notoriously claimed that his immaterialist metaphysics was not only consistent with common sense, but that it was also integral to its defense. This book argues that understanding the ... More


On Methods and Morals

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Is economics like car building or car repair? Are we working toward a finished product, or are we attempting to answer pertinent questions that arise and change from time to time? These questions are ... More


Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Hagit Borer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book explores the difference between words however defined and structures however constructed. It sets out to demonstrate over three volumes — of which this is the first — that the explanation ... More


The i/f distinction: distinguishing intent from foresight

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes the intended/foreseen (i/f) distinction: how to name it, how to make it, and how to apply it to the classic cases of euthanasia/terminal sedation, craniotomy/hysterectomy, and ... More


Epilogue: Wittgenstein's verdict

Noam Reisner

in Milton and the Ineffable

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199572625
eISBN:
9780191721892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572625.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This brief epilogue offers a quotation from Wittgenstein's letters about poetry as a concluding remark for the book as a whole, and speculates whether or not Wittgenstein — a philosopher everywhere ... More


Asking Questions: Using meaningful structures to imply ignorance

Robert Fiengo

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199208418
eISBN:
9780191695735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208418.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book examines a central phenomenon of language — the use of sentences to ask questions. Although there is a sizable literature on the syntax and semantics of interrogatives, the logic of ... More


Introduction

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This introductory chapter presents a sketch of the book as a whole. It identifies several features of the Tractatus that Wittgenstein himself described as crucial. It sets out a philosophical ... More


Logical and Ontological Types

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses how Wittgenstein’s conception of ‘the illogical’ as sign/symbol confusion affects our understanding of logical and ontological ‘types’. It explores the notion that the ... More


Problem Cases for the General Form

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines how Wittgenstein envisaged the analysis of some important kinds of proposition that, at least superficially, do not fit the requirements of the general form of the proposition. ... More


Conclusion

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter reviews how the author’s reading presents those features of the Tractatus (described in Ch. 1) that Wittgenstein himself described as crucial. It clarifies the interpretation of the ... More


Punishment and Responsibility: Essays in the Philosophy of Law

H.L.A. Hart

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534777
eISBN:
9780191720703
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534777.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This classic collection of essays, first published in 1968, has had an enduring impact on academic and public debates about criminal responsibility and criminal punishment. Forty years on, its ... More


Distinction and Unification

Melchisedec TÖrÖnen

in Union and Distinction in the Thought of St Maximus the Confessor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296118
eISBN:
9780191712258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296118.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The final chapter presents the way in which through a certain ‘intellectual’ asceticism the human person can reintegrate the fragmented humanity. Distinction, unification, wholeness, and deification ... More


Tools

Melchisedec TÖrÖnen

in Union and Distinction in the Thought of St Maximus the Confessor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296118
eISBN:
9780191712258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296118.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Describes Maximus' life and his place within the intellectual world of the Late Antiquity. It examines the logical tools Maximus makes use of in his theology, such as the Porphyrian Tree and the ... More


Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties II: Sortal Concepts and Principles of Individuation

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines David Wiggins’s version of sortal essentialism, which relies on the EPI thesis, that a thing’s principle of individuation is essential to it in order to derive the result that ... More


Sources of Unfreedom

H. Matthew Kramer

in The Quality of Freedom

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247561
eISBN:
9780191601927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247560.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The U Postulate, which specifies the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of any particular unfreedom, requires us to distinguish between the constraints on the freedom of any person ... More


Nationalist Puzzles

Michael Hechter

in Containing Nationalism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247516
eISBN:
9780191599460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924751X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The nationalism of concern here is collective action designed to render the boundaries of the nation congruent with those of its governance unit. Governance units are territorial units responsible ... More


Propositions and truth

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Thought as expressed in language is propositionally structured. The notion of proposition is explained in a historical context. Utterance tokens are per se context‐dependent: they are contextually ... More


Themes in Marxist Social Theory

Ira Katznelson

in Marxism and the City

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198279242
eISBN:
9780191601910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279248.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The first of the two main sections of this chapter discusses Marx's goal and the elements of a Marxist tradition, and presents the views of various later scholars (David Little, Steven Lukes, Alvin ... More


Disabilities

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critically evaluates Dworkin's use of a hypothetical insurance market scheme to illuminate the degree to which justice requires the provision of compensation to persons with significant physical or ... More


Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

Douglas Ehring

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608539
eISBN:
9780191729607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The main goal of this work is to provide a metaphysical account of properties and of how they are related to concrete particulars. On the broadest level, this work is a defense of tropes and of trope ... More


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