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Truth and Ontology

Trenton Merricks

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explores how truth depends on the world or on things or on being, and examines philosophical debates concerning modality, time, and dispositions. For accounts of truth's dependence on being ... More


Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Alexander Bird

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the laws of nature, and what explains their existence? This book develops the proposal that the laws of nature are grounded in the essences of properties. It is argued that fundamental ... More


The Moral Skeptic

Anita M. Superson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This book challenges the traditional picture of the skeptic who asks, “Why be moral?” and demands a demonstration that acting in morally required ways is rationally required. It argues that we defeat ... More


Reacting to Dispositionalism

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A view that is currently popular is to identify properties as being nothing but powers, a position that can be called ‘Dispositionalism’. Causation becomes manifestations of dispositions, and ... More


Dispositions

Stephen Mumford

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book puts forward a new theory of dispositions, showing how central their role in metaphysics and philosophy of science is. Much of our understanding of the physical and psychological world is ... More


The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

E. J. Lowe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The four-category ontology is a metaphysical system recognizing two fundamental categorial distinctions — these being between the particular and the universal, and between the substantial and the ... More


The Last Word

Thomas Nagel

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195149838
eISBN:
9780199872206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195149831.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this discussion of where justification and understanding come to an end, Nagel undertakes to refute various forms of subjectivism. Defending rationalism, he argues that there are some thoughts ... More


The Four-Category Ontology and its Rivals

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The central principles of the four-category ontology are explained, especially its distinction between properties conceived as particulars (modes) and properties conceived as universals (attributes), ... More


Dispositions and Natural Laws

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The customary distinction between dispositional and categorical properties is critically examined, and replaced by one between dispositional and occurrent predication. The ontological ground of the ... More


Moral Inconsistency

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Experiments and conclusions of ‘situationist’ social psychology have been seen by some as grounds for doubting that there are any virtues or vices, or more broadly any traits of character, at all. ... More


Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 7

Karen Bennett and Dean W. Zimmerman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659081
eISBN:
9780191745201
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659081.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is dedicated to the timely publication of new work in metaphysics, broadly construed. These volumes provide a forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. They ... More


Conclusions

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Seeks to reduce the distance between Common‐Sense Morality and Consequentialism. Acts, dispositions, motives are also discussed.


The Pseudo-Problem of Error

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It is widely held, following Kripke, that no theory of ‘meaning as dispositions of use’ could accommodate the relationship between meaning and truth, e.g., that if a word means DOG then it is true of ... More


When Good People Do Bad Things

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the Humean thesis that agents can only be blamed for their bad acts insofar as those acts are manifestations of defects in their characters. Several versions of this thesis are ... More


The Structure of Blameworthy Action

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter exploits the insight that emerged in the previous chapter — that a bad act may be rooted in an agent’s character without manifesting a defect in that character — to explain how an act’s ... More


What Blame Is

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops a new account of what blame adds to the belief that someone has acted badly. According to the proposed account, the additional element consists of a set of dispositions (to ... More


Getting Causes from Powers

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695614
eISBN:
9780191731952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695614.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book develops the theory of causal dispositionalism. Others have already suggested that a theory of causation would follow from an ontology of real dispositions or powers. This book attempts to ... More


 Ceteris Paribus Conditions and Dispositions

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This account of laws is naturally extended to an account of ceteris paribus laws or conditions. In the main, “ceteris paribus” is here interpreted as “other things being normal”. A brief review ... More


Basic Geometrical Knowledge

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter shows how we might come by a simple geometrical belief without inferring it from other beliefs, in a way that is consonant with the apparent obviousness and cogency of the acquired ... More


Qualities

Ryan Nichols

in Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199276912
eISBN:
9780191707759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276912.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Reid's account of how we are perceptually aware of qualities. It begins by describing how Reid structures the debate about qualities and our perception of them. It then turns to ... More


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