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Explaining Normative Import

Alan Millar

in Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199254408
eISBN:
9780191719721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254408.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses how to explain the relation between ascriptions of belief and intention, and statements ascribing the corresponding implication or means-end commitments. Dispositionalism about ... More


The Problem of Explanatory Relevance

Alan Millar

in Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199254408
eISBN:
9780191719721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254408.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The explanatory insight provided by rationalizing explanations is causal and tied to appropriate generalizations. Because of this, it is not clear what rationalizing adds to such explanations. It is ... More


Perish the Forethought: Premeditation Engenders Misperceptions of Personal Control

Carey K. Morewedge, Kurt Gray, and Daniel M. Wegner

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

People are normally encouraged to engage in premeditation—to think about the potential consequences of their behavior before acting. Indeed, planning, considering, and studying can be important ... More


The Sensory Classification Thesis

Mohan Matthen

in Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199268504
eISBN:
9780191602283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268509.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Sensory systems are automatic sorting machines which assign external sensed objects (distal stimuli) to classes on the basis of useful commonalities found in them. The results of a system=s sorting ... More


Meaning, Use, and Truth: On Whether a Use-Theory of Meaning is Precluded by the Requirement that Whatever Constitutes the Meaning of a Predicate Be Capable of Determining the Set of Things of Which the Predicate is True and to Which it Ought to be Applied

Paul Horwich

in From a Deflationary Point of View

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251261
eISBN:
9780191602252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251266.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay defends Wittgenstein’s ‘use-theory’ of meaning against Kripke’s critique of ‘dispositionalism.’ It reviews the distinction between two conceptions of truth: the traditional view and the ... More


Role Functionalism and Its Relationalist Rivals

JONATHAN COHEN

in The Red and the Real: An Essay on Color Ontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199556168
eISBN:
9780191701672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556168.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter compares role functionalism with other forms of color relationalism that have attracted philosophical adherents and argues that these alternative forms of relationalism all have serious ... More


Objections Considered

George Molnar

in Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the major objections encountered in developing the theory of powers. One argument is that ontological seriousness about irreducible powers empties the world of something that it ... More


Perceptions of Colour and the Colours of Things

Barry Stroud

in The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Examines and argues against the possibility of an indirect connection between objects of perception and thoughts on the colour of these objects, either through sensations or through perceptions of ... More


Inside and Outside Language: Stroud's Nonreductionism about Meaning

Hannah Ginsborg

in The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Reflections on the Thought of Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195381658
eISBN:
9780199918317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381658.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, History of Philosophy

I argue that Stroud's nonreductionism about meaning is insufficiently motivated. First, given that he rejects the assumption that grasp of an expression's meaning guides or instructs us in its use, ... More


Overture to a Symphony

Michael J. McClymond and Gerald R. McDermott

in The Theology of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791606
eISBN:
9780199932290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791606.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Edwards's theology is like a symphony with many parts. The problem with existing interpretations is that they capture one or another part of the symphony yet fail to construe the sound and flow of ... More


Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality

Barbara Vetter

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198714316
eISBN:
9780191782718
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714316.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book develops and defends dispositionalism about modality: the view that metaphysical modality is a matter of the dispositions that objects have. Dispositionalism is an attractive view for ... More


Colors as Primitive Dispositions

Hagit Benbaji

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: Volume 10

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198791973
eISBN:
9780191834196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791973.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Primitivist dispositionalism” combines the basic insights worth saving from dispositionalism and primitivism, by taking color to be an “appearance property,” such as your aunt’s looking young, her ... More


Folk Psychology and Its Ontology

Peter Langland-Hassan

in Explaining Imagination

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198815068
eISBN:
9780191852886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815068.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The question of whether imagination can be reduced to other folk psychological states will turn, in part, on what we take those other states to be—on how we view their ontological status. There are ... More


Reasons-Responsiveness, Agents, and Mechanisms 1

Michael McKenna

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199694853
eISBN:
9780191757792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694853.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some compatibilists are attracted to a theory which accounts for freedom in terms of sensitivity to reasons. But reasons-responsiveness appears to conflict with another common compatibilist thesis: ... More


Conclusion

Jennifer McKitrick

in Dispositional Pluralism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198717805
eISBN:
9780191787317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717805.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Dispositional Pluralism is more consistent with our dispositions talk than more monolithic views. Our evidence for extrinsic, ungrounded, and non-natural dispositions is comparable to that of ... More


Are More Data Better?

Rani Lill Anjum and Stephen Mumford

in Causation in Science and the Methods of Scientific Discovery

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198733669
eISBN:
9780191798030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733669.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A plausible candidate for a norm of science is that the more data the better, for theory generation, for example. Such a norm would be supported if causal inferences were inductive, for instance. ... More


Abilities, Opportunities, and Determinism

Christopher Evan Franklin

in A Minimal Libertarianism: Free Will and the Promise of Reduction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190682781
eISBN:
9780190682811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190682781.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter further elaborates the contention that an agent’s free will consists in her possessing abilities and opportunities, specifically the opportunity to exercise her abilities of reflective ... More


Representations and Robustly Collective Attitudes

Jeroen de Ridder

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One argument against the existence of robustly collective cognitive states such as group belief and group knowledge is that there are no collective representations, i.e., representations held by ... More


Unmasking and Dispositionalism: Reply to Mark Johnston

Barry Stroud

in Seeing, Knowing, Understanding: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198809753
eISBN:
9780191859205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809753.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a response to Mark Johnston’s ‘Subjectivism and Unmasking’, which was directed at the author’s book, The Quest for Reality. Johnston defends an ontological account of what ... More


The Project

Barbara Vetter

in Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198714316
eISBN:
9780191782718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714316.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter introduces the view to be developed in this book: dispositionalism about modality. Some motivation for the view is provided, against the background of the recent surge in ‘anti-Humean’ ... More


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