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 Russellian Speculations

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores Russell’s idea that reflection on the nature of scientific inquiry prompts a version of the ignorance hypothesis, an idea much discussed in contemporary philosophy. As ... More


Dispositions

Stephen Mumford

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book puts forward a new theory of dispositions, showing how central their role in metaphysics and philosophy of science is. Much of our understanding of the physical and psychological world is ... More


Dispositional and Categorical Properties

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One popular view of dispositions turns them into ‘higher‐level’ properties with categorical ‘realizers’. The position is motivated in part by the belief that the same disposition can have different ... More


Are Fundamental Laws Necessary or Contingent?

Noa Latham

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on the dispute between necessitarians and contingentists, mainly addressing the issue as to whether laws of nature are metaphysically necessary or metaphysically contingent with ... More


A Metaphysical Framework for the First-Person Perspective

Lynne Rudder Baker

in Naturalism and the First-Person Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199914722
eISBN:
9780199347483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199914722.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 8 argues that the first-person perspective is a (two-stage) dispositional property. It is irreducibly first personal. Property P is a first-person property if either (i) P entails that ... More


Descartes: Innate Ideas

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It is well known that Descartes revived the ancient doctrine of innate ideas. However, it is doubtful whether Descartes advanced a single doctrine that employs the same concept of innateness ... More


Malebranche: Vision in God

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the first part of this chapter, I shall argue that Malebranche takes over three central doctrines from Descartes and transforms at least two of them; when they are combined, the result is vision ... More


Quantum Bayesianism 2: Challenges

Christopher G. Timpson

in Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199296460
eISBN:
9780191741791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296460.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Three more substantive challenges that the quantum Bayesian faces are presented: 1) Can a sensible ontology be found for the approach? 2) Can requisite sense of quantum explanations be made? and 3) ... More


Leibniz: Ideas and Illumination

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

We cannot really understand Leibniz's polemic against Locke unless we grasp Leibniz's concept of ‘idea’. Moreover, the exclusive focus on the New Essays is historically misleading because it tends to ... More


Knowledge and Conditionals: Essays on the Structure of Inquiry

Robert C. Stalnaker

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198810346
eISBN:
9780191847332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810346.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A set of interconnected chapters on topics in the theory of knowledge. Part 1 considers the concept of knowledge, its logical properties, and its relation to belief and partial belief, or credence. ... More


Causality in Chemistry: Regularities and Agencies

Rom Harré

in Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190494599
eISBN:
9780197559666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494599.003.0016
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

THE MEANING OF CAUSAL statements and claims has been and continues to be a topic of great interest to philosophers. Before we turn to the role of causal ... More


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