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Dispositional Essentialism, Modality, and Intentionality

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter analyzes the relationship of dispositional essentialism to questions of modality and to intentionality. Armstrong criticizes dispositional essentialism on the ground that it leads to a ... More


Concluding Remarks

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reviews the central arguments of this book and charts the directions for future work on dispositional essentialism, identifying the need for an account of natural kinds and for responses ... More


Against Necessitarianism

Jennifer McKitrick

in Dispositional Pluralism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198717805
eISBN:
9780191787317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717805.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The laws of nature are at most physically necessary, and they are not metaphysically necessary. Dispositional Essentialists claim that if natural laws derive from powers, then the laws of nature are ... More


Introduction

Benjamin Hill, Henrik Lagerlund, and Stathis Psillos

in Reconsidering Causal Powers: Historical and Conceptual Perspectives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198869528
eISBN:
9780191905858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198869528.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Causal powers have been posited to ground and explain activity in nature. And yet, powers are subject to scrutiny and criticism today as they were in the seventeenth century and for more or less the ... More


Nomic Essentialism

Theodore Sider

in The Tools of Metaphysics and the Metaphysics of Science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198811565
eISBN:
9780191848445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811565.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to nomic (or causal, or dispositional) essentialists, the identity of a property is tied up with its nomic role, the role it plays in the laws of nature. Modally speaking this is ... More


What a Structuralist Theory of Properties Could Not Be

Nora Berenstain

in The Metaphysics of Relations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735878
eISBN:
9780191799839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Causal structuralism is the view that, for each natural, non-mathematical, non-Cambridge property, there is a causal profile that exhausts its individual essence. It is generally contrasted with the ... More


Causal Powers and Structures

Brian Ellis

in Reconsidering Causal Powers: Historical and Conceptual Perspectives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198869528
eISBN:
9780191905858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198869528.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Brian Ellis provides a detailed and systemic overview of his version of dispositional essentialism. Ellis is famous for having developed and defended a mixed ontology for scientific realism. This is ... More


Induction and Natural Kinds Revisited

Howard Sankey

in Reconsidering Causal Powers: Historical and Conceptual Perspectives

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198869528
eISBN:
9780191905858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198869528.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Howard Sankey reconsiders a special issue closely connected with causal powers—the problem of induction. He addresses a deep version of problem of circularity originally raised by Psillos, and argues ... More


The Tools of Metaphysics and the Metaphysics of Science

Theodore Sider

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198811565
eISBN:
9780191848445
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811565.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Metaphysics is sensitive to the conceptual tools we choose to articulate metaphysical problems. Those tools are a lens through which we view metaphysical problems; the same problems look different ... More


Reconsidering Causal Powers: Historical and Conceptual Perspectives

Henrik Lagerlund, Benjamin Hill, and Stathis Psillos (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198869528
eISBN:
9780191905858
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198869528.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Causal powers are returning to the forefront of realist philosophy of science. They were once central features of philosophical thinking about the natures of substances and causes but were banished ... More


The Elegant Solution

Philip Goff

in Consciousness and Fundamental Reality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190677015
eISBN:
9780190677046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677015.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces and precisely defines the view that will be explored and defended in the second half of the book: Russellian monism. Various categories of Russellian monism are ... More


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