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Superstars and Pyramids: Two Complementary Explanations for Changes in Top Earnings

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers the explanation of top earnings that has received much recent attention: the superstar theory. Here, trade and technology have a clear role in expanding the reach of the most ... More


Conclusions

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that the distribution of earnings is not outside our control. Although governments are constrained by the global economy and ... More


What We Are Seeking to Explain

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers two theories to explain the earnings dispersion in the different countries studied: shifting pay norms and pyramidal/superstar theories. It argues that the fanning out of the ... More


A Behavioural Model of Change in Differentials: The ‘Fanning Out’ at the Top of the Earnings Distribution

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers a behavioural model of changes in differentials, directed particularly at explaining the fanning out of the upper part of the earnings distribution. It suggests that changes ... More


Relativistic gases

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter repeats the derivation of the partition function for a gas, and hence of the other thermodynamic properties that can be obtained from it, but this time includes relativistic effects. It ... More


Politics and Social Choice

Josep M. Colomer

in Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241835
eISBN:
9780191598975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924183X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Social choice theory helps to design a research strategy. Three institutional variables producing different degrees of stability and different amounts of social utility are: (1) the dispersion of ... More


Internal Gravity Waves

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on internal gravity waves in a stable thermal stratification. When the amplitude of the fluid velocity is small relative to the amplitude of the phase velocity, a linear ... More


Magnetic Field

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on magnetoconvection, which refers to thermal convection of an electrically conducting fluid within a background magnetic field maintained by some external mechanism. It first ... More


The Evolution of French Economic Geography

Gilles Duranton, Philippe Martin, Thierry Mayer, and Florian Mayneris

in The Economics of Clusters: Lessons from the French Experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592203
eISBN:
9780191595615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592203.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Microeconomics

This chapter describes some stylized facts on economic geography and its evolution in France over the past twenty years. The analysis of the Gini and Ellison and Glaeser indices shows that sectors ... More


Polaritons: Excitonic States Taking Account of Retardation

Vladimir M. Agranovich

in Excitations in Organic Solids

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199234417
eISBN:
9780191715426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234417.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents the microscopical theory of polaritons, being coherent superposition of one exciton and one transverse photon state. The dispersion of polaritons including the effect of spatial ... More


Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Future Perspectives

Vikas Mittal (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199581924
eISBN:
9780191728853
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581924.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Polymer nanocomposites with practically all the commercial polymer matrices have been synthesized and nano-scale filler dispersion has been achieved with varying degrees of success. The commercial ... More


The Evolution of Altruism via Social Addiction

Julie Hui and Terrence Deacon

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Each generation of evolutionary biologists has brought a fresh wave of attempts to answer the evolutionary riddle of altruism. However, none describe how such a condition could incrementally evolve ... More


Algorithmic Development

Peter Monk

in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508885
eISBN:
9780191708633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter examines the phase error problem and also shows, via a dispersion analysis, that higher order methods can significantly improve phase accuracy. Once a solution is computed it is ... More


Time-harmonic fields

Mauro Fabrizio and Morro Angelo

in Electromagnetism of Continuous Media: Mathematical Modelling and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527008
eISBN:
9780191713316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527008.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter reviews balance laws and relevant solutions to Maxwell’s equations in connection with the time-harmonic dependence. The wave equation becomes the Helmholtz equation and, for it, Green’s ... More


Motor Unit Potential Studies

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The discharge of an anterior horn cell causes an action potential to travel down its axon, producing an almost synchronous depolarization of the muscle fibers it innervates. This physiologic unit is ... More


Application of direct methods to macromolecular structure solution

Charles M. Weeks and William Furey

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes the steps required to carry out the two-stage phasing process for proteins and illustrates these through the application of BnP program to the multiple-wavelength anomalous ... More


Parties' Policy Programs and the Dog that Did not Bark: No Evidence that Proportional Systems Promote Extreme Party Positioning

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

There is extensive theoretical research that explores the linkages between parties' policy positions, on the one hand, and the characteristics of the political system (i.e., voting rules and the ... More


The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

A.B. Atkinson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This book is about how much people earn and why the distribution of earnings has been changing over time. The gap between the top and bottom in the United States has widened significantly since 1980. ... More


Setting the Stage

Stephen R. Haynes

in Noah's Curse: The Biblical Justification of American Slavery

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142792
eISBN:
9780199834280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142799.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter connects the history of interpretation of Genesis 9–11 with contemporary American culture. It also describes the thematic structure of Genesis 9–11 in terms of dispersion and ... More


 Is the OECD Jobs Strategy behind U.S. and British Employment and Unemployment Success in the 1990s?

John Schmitt and Jonathan Wadsworth

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The authors investigate the extent to which the logic of flexibility that underpins the OECD’s Job Study can explain the relative labor-market performance of the United States and the United Kingdom. ... More


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