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The Genealogy of Disjunction

R. E. Jennings

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a study of the English word or, and the logical operators variously proposed to present its meaning. Although there are indisputably disjunctive uses of or in English, it is a ... More


Causality, Interpretation, and the Mind

William Child

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236252
eISBN:
9780191597206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236255.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Explores the relation between interpretationism and causal theories in the philosophy of mind. Interpretationism is the view that we can understand the nature of the propositional attitudes by ... More


Functional Properties, Emergent Properties, and Phony Properties

Sydney Shoemaker

in Physical Realization

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214396
eISBN:
9780191706738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214396.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that functional properties are not the only properties that can be realized by other properties, and are not a distinct ontological category of properties. The ‘mixed view’ that ... More


The Disjunctive Syllogism and Quasi-Validity

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In this chapter the disjunctive syllogism is discussed. This is not valid in the semantics of the previous chapters. It is argued that the form of inference may be used in consistent situations, ... More


Metaphysics

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a discussion of disjunctive facts, speculating on the reasons for Wittgenstein's reluctance to countenance disjunctive facts. It then discusses negative facts, summing facts, ... More


The Nature of Testimony

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses various views of the nature of testimony found in philosophical literature and shows how each has importantly different problems. A diagnosis is then offered of why the ... More


Second‐Order Knowledge

Adrian Haddock

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that the regress of justifications can be satisfactorily avoided by seeing the second-order knowledge of the justification involved in visual knowledge as knowledge of a ... More


Words in pairs

F. A. R. Bennion

in Understanding Common Law Legislation: Drafting and Interpretation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564101
eISBN:
9780191705465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564101.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Pairs of words used in statutes may have: opposite meanings (antonyms), identical meanings (synonyms), different meanings, shared meanings (overlapping terms), or conjoined meanings (hendiadys). A ... More


Relevance in Reasoning

Neil Tennant

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explains an approach to relevantization of logical reasoning that seeks to maximize epistemic gain. It does so by retaining Disjunctive Syllogism and making admissible only a restricted ... More


Knowledge-How: A Unified Account

Berit Brogaard

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I argue for a unified theory of knowledge how that is compatible with the reductionist variety of intellectualism: knowledge how is reducible to knowledge that. But, I argue, there are knowledge ... More


When is a Syllogism not a Syllogism?

Jonathan Barnes

in Truth, etc.: Six Lectures on Ancient Logic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199568178
eISBN:
9780191702037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568178.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The piece discussed in this chapter is the twentieth of the twenty-one items which Plotinus had written before Porphyry joined his circle in 263. It generally circulated under the title ‘On ... More


The Adverbial ‘Or’

R. E. Jennings

in The Genealogy of Disjunction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The last chapter shows the use of ‘or’ as an adverb. The discourse-adverbial view invites us rather to think of each clause as formulaically giving permission rather than asserting permissibility. ... More


General Objections

JC Beall

in Logical Pluralism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199288403
eISBN:
9780191700491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288403.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

By way of further clarifying logical pluralism, this chapter turns to some general objections. One objection is to argue for a pluralism about logical consequence which is wide enough to encompass ... More


Introduction

R. E. Jennings

in The Genealogy of Disjunction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The first chapter discusses the association of the English word ‘or’ in reasoning. “Or” is descended from the Anglo-Saxon word meaning second, a form which survives in such expressions as “every ... More


The Puzzle about ‘Or’

R. E. Jennings

in The Genealogy of Disjunction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines puzzle about the word ‘or’ and some proposed solutions. The theorems of propositional logic are interpreted in such a way as to be provided with an analogous account. The ... More


General Noun Phrases

R. E. Jennings

in The Genealogy of Disjunction

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter looks at ‘any’ as a quantifier. If noun phrases with ‘any’ are to be construed quantificationally, they must sometimes be represented by a universal quantifier, and sometimes by an ... More


The Meaning of Life

Christopher Shields

in Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Shields defends Aristotle's claim that life is homonymous, specifically, a core‐dependent homonym. Shields argues that Aristotle's account of the homonymy of life is a clear and compelling ... More


Subjunctive Conditionals—First Steps

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Extreme realism (Lewis), and abstract realism, about worlds. Introducing an approach to subjunctive conditionals through possible worlds; use of this to explain the failure of transitivity and ... More


Disjunctivism: Contemporary Readings

Alex Byrne and Heather Logue (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026550
eISBN:
9780262255219
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026550.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A central debate regarding perception in contemporary philosophy concerns the disjunctive theory of perceptual experience. Until the 1960s, philosophers of perception generally assumed that a ... More


Other Related Puzzles

D.N.S. BHAT

in Pronouns

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199230242
eISBN:
9780191710124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230242.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The assumption put forth in Chapter 10, namely that constituent questions of languages in which there is affinity between interrogative and indefinite proforms do not contain any interrogative ... More


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