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Established Churches

Iain McLean

in What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

Two contradictory Protestant truths. Nature of church establishment in England and Scotland. Its non‐existence in Wales and Northern Ireland. A confused archbishop. Prevalence of religious belief in ... More


The Sovereign and the Church

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293347
eISBN:
9780191598821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293348.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The Church of England and the Church of Scotland (a Presbyterian church) are both established churches, and the sovereign enjoys a special relationship with each. She is under a statutory duty to ... More


The Second Disestablishment: Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America

Steven Green

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195399677
eISBN:
9780199777150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399677.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Religion and Society

The Second Disestablishment: Church and State in Nineteenth-Century America is a history of the development of church-state law during what may be called the “forgotten century.” ... More


Post‐War Dislocations, 1919–1932: ‘Modernity’ and ‘Modernism’

Keith Robbins

in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales: The Christian Church 1900-2000

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263715
eISBN:
9780191714283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263715.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

This chapter reflects on ‘remembrance’ after the Great War — memorials and services. It notes a new modern world and the advent of radio broadcasting. It considers currents of belief and unbelief. ... More


 Vox Populi, Vox Dei

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Bentley had led the Democratic‐Republican Party to victory, but not all of Salem's Republicans followed along for the reasons he offered. Many, perhaps most, of Salem's Republicans were evangelicals, ... More


A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Jonathan D. Sassi

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book analyzes the debate over the proper connection between religion and society that took place in southern New England during the fifty years after the American Revolution. It finds that a ... More


Contending for Liberty

Philip N. Mulder

in A Controversial Spirit: Evangelical Awakenings in the South

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131635
eISBN:
9780199834525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131630.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The American Revolution heightened the differences between Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists as the dissenters addressed the political crisis through petitions and met the resultant ... More


Jeffersonian Disillusions and Dreams 1799–1818

Jonathan D. Sassi

in A Republic of Righteousness: The Public Christianity of the Post-Revolutionary New England Clergy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129892
eISBN:
9780199834624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512989X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The rise of the first party competition and the electoral successes of Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic‐Republican party shook the standing order's eighteenth‐century social ideology to its ... More


The Evangelical Surge . . .

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Evangelical Christianity, and Protestantism more generally, were in decline in the second half of the eighteenth century. After 1800, however, a great boom in numbers and energy of evangelical ... More


Principles of a New Realism

John G. Stackhouse

in Making the Best of It: Following Christ in the Real World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173581
eISBN:
9780199851683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173581.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines the principles of the new Christian realism. It discusses the complexity with the simple recognition of tensions that people must acknowledge in their daily dealings at home, in ... More


The response to Anglican ritualism

Nigel Yates

in Anglican Ritualism in Victorian Britain 1830–1910

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198269892
eISBN:
9780191683848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269892.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In 1859, there were attempts to persuade the Scottish Reformation Society to take a stand against the ritualism that was beginning to be manifested within the Scottish Episcopal Church. This chapter ... More


The “Second Disestablishment”: The Evolution of Nineteenth-Century Understandings of Separation of Church and State

Steven K. Green

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

During the revolutionary years until 1833, the states undertook what might be described as a “first disestablishment,” where their official religions were eliminated through the political process in ... More


No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

T. Jeremy Gunn and John Witte (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The focus of the volume is the historical background and meaning of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the Constitution, from the seventeenth century to the present. The text does not ... More


The Antebellum Era and Civil War, 1800–1865

Gillis J. Harp

in Protestants and American Conservatism: A Short History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199977413
eISBN:
9780190941185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977413.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Several antebellum conservatives sought to dismantle the Lockean foundations of American political thinking in favor of a political vision that affirmed the divine origins of government. Evangelical ... More


Against Moral Disestablishment

Neil MacCormick

in Legal Right and Social Democracy: Essays in Legal and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198255024
eISBN:
9780191681561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198255024.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

There are some moral values which ought to be enforced in law. The legitimacy of using laws to moral ends has been a much disputed point in modern times. This chapter is about the question of whether ... More


Establishment at the Founding

Michael W. McConnell

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that many modern interpretations of the Constitution have lost sight of its original meaning. The earliest Supreme Court decisions, including Everson v. Board of Education, made ... More


Disestablishing Religion and Protecting Religious Liberty in State Laws and Constitutions (1776–1833)

Mark D. McGarvie

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that the process of disestablishment, which largely took place between 1776 and 1833, was based on a republican ideal of improving society. It was at the state level that ... More


James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and the Meaning of “Establishment of Religion” in Eighteenth-Century Virginia

Ralph Ketcham

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses particularly on the ideas and activities of James Madison and Thomas Jefferson in support of religious freedom. From the time he was a young man, Madison was an opponent of ... More


The Continental Congress and Emerging Ideas of Church–State Separation

Derek H. Davis

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Continental Congress is known for having made several positive references to religion and is cited by many as illustrating the founders’ understanding that the state may play a positive role in ... More


Disestablishment from Blaine to Everson: Federalism, School Wars, and the Emerging Modern State

Thomas C. Berg

in No Establishment of Religion: America’s Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199860371
eISBN:
9780199950164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860371.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Everson v. Board of Education decision raised two important issues: the historical meaning of the establishment clause and the “incorporation” of the Establishment Clause through the Due Process ... More


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