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Seven Schools of Macroeconomic Thought

Edmund S. Phelps

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283331
eISBN:
9780191596766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283334.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This volume represents the publication of seven lectures––the first annual Arne Ryde Memorial lectures administered by the University of Lund––on what the author deems to be the seven leading schools ... More


 The Origins of Life and the Cosmos as Evolutionary Themes

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter demonstrates that the origin of the universe was probabilistic, not preordained, because Heisenberg's uncertainty principle would have been violated at the level of the Big Bang. The ... More


Detecting Positive Selection

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Positive natural selection, though rare in comparison with negative selection, is the main evolutionary force responsible for adaptive evolutionary change. Using the neutral theory to generate null ... More


Keynes, Hayek, and the Wicksell Connection

Tyler Beck Goodspeed

in Rethinking the Keynesian Revolution: Keynes, Hayek, and the Wicksell Connection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199846658
eISBN:
9780199950126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846658.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter concludes by introducing the standard “New Keynesian” dynamic stochastic equilibrium model, emphasizing the ways in which it departs from the Wicksell-Keynes-Hayek connection. In ... More


Confabulation, the self, and ego functions: The ego dysequilibrium theory

Todd E. Feinberg

in Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199208913
eISBN:
9780191723759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.003.04
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter argues that there is a continuum of confabulation along a neutral-personal dimension that is determined by the degree that the confabulation is delusional, motivated, and distorted by ... More


Applications to Switching Regime Models

Christian Gouriéroux and Alain Monfort

in Simulation-based Econometric Methods

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774754
eISBN:
9780191596339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774753.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Considers applications to Endogenously Switching Regime Models, mainly dynamic Disequilibrium Models, and to Exogenously Switching Regime Models, mainly Hidden Markov Chain Models. The methods used ... More


Prospective Shifts, Speculative Swings: “Macro” for the Twenty-First Century in the Tradition Championed by Paul Samuelson

Edmund S. Phelps

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter presents Samuelson's economics from the expectation and uncertainty points of view. It applies Samuelson model for stagflation, for instance, to show how shifts in the underlying ... More


Adaptation to Undernourishment

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Adaptation to undernourishment is discussed in eight sections: (1) the international incidence of calorie deficiency; (2) genetic, physiological, and behavioural adaptation to undernourishment; (3) ... More


Non-Linear Time Series Models

Luc Bauwens, Michel Lubrano, and Jean-François Richard

in Bayesian Inference in Dynamic Econometric Models

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198773122
eISBN:
9780191695315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198773122.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines non-linear time series models in relation to the Bayesian inference approach in econometric analysis. There are two types of models which are quite different for the treatment ... More


Paying for the War: Economic Policy in Poor Countries Under Conflict Conditions

Valpy FitzGerald

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Macroeconomic policy in wartime is concerned with reducing human suffering, particularly in poor countries where a large proportion of the population is near or below the poverty line. This chapter ... More


Summary of Findings and Policy Implications

Alfred Maizels, Robert Bacon, and George Mavrotas

in COMMODITY SUPPLY MANAGEMENT BY PRODUCING COUNTRIES: A Case-Study of the Tropical Beverage Crops

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233381
eISBN:
9780191678981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233381.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As trade in their exports deteriorated, the developed countries incurred sizable foreign exchange losses since the early 1980s. Between 1980 and 1993, the cumulated loss reached more that $105 bn., ... More


Angola’s Incomplete Transition

Renato Aguilar

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on Angola's difficulties in achieving macroeconomic stability and economic liberalization. It begins with a brief overview of Angola's economy and the country's economic ... More


Nonlinear models in economic theory

Timo Teräsvirta, Dag Tjøstheim, and W. J. Granger

in Modelling Nonlinear Economic Time Series

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587148
eISBN:
9780191595387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587148.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter contains a number of examples of families of nonlinear models in economic theory. These include disequilibrium models that have been applied to modelling markets with rationing or sticky ... More


Beyond Supply and Demand: A Political-Economic Conceptual Model

Tim Büthe

in Governance by Indicators: Global Power through Quantification and Rankings

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199658244
eISBN:
9780199949915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658244.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter introduces a political-economy model of the supply and demand for indicators. It notes that most indicators are used and supplied in political contexts that do not closely follow market ... More


Equilibrium Models in Economics: Purposes and Critical Limitations

Lawrence A. Boland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190274320
eISBN:
9780190274368
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274320.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Equilibrium models used in beginning economics classes are based on the equilibrium concept developed by Alfred Marshall, but that concept of an equilibrium does not correspond to the equilibrium ... More


Recombination and linkage disequilibrium in evolutionary signatures

Asher D. Cutter

in A Primer of Molecular Population Genetics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838944
eISBN:
9780191874826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838944.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 6, “Recombination and linkage disequilibrium in evolutionary signatures,” explores the role of partial genetic linkage within and between genes in influencing patterns of nucleotide ... More


Disequilibria and Risk Premia: Argentina’s Experience During the 2000s from a Latin American Perspective

Gustavo Cañonero and Carlos Winograd

in Macroeconomics and Development: Roberto Frenkel and the Economics of Latin America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231175081
eISBN:
9780231541213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175081.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

the chapter elaborates on the sources of risk that arise from the interaction of the goods and financial markets by revisiting Frenkel’s work on exchange rate and sovereign risk premia. The authors ... More


Treating Our Moral Maladies

C. Daniel Batson

in What's Wrong With Morality?: A Social-Psychological Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199355549
eISBN:
9780190603700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199355549.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 8 addresses the question of how we might more effectively promote moral action, especially in interest-conflict situations. Efforts based on the standard diagnoses—personal deficiency and ... More


The Neuropathologies of the Self

Todd E. Feinberg

in The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195395549
eISBN:
9780199369201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395549.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology

The neuropathologies of the self (NPS) include disorders of the bodily self, the relational self and the narrative self. The author describes here several of the more common NPS including anosognosia ... More


Disequilibrium Adjustment and Economic Outcomes

Alan Kirman and Rajiv Sethi

in Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

A central organizing principle in contemporary economic theory is the notion of equilibrium: all individuals make plans that are optimal, given beliefs that are mutually consistent. The equilibrium ... More


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