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The Geography of Disease Transmission

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses various applications of ecological niche modeling in the study of the geography and ecology of disease transmission. Niche modeling approaches have many applications in the ... More


Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Ted Anderson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

After the chicken, the House Sparrow is the most widely distributed bird species in the world, occurring on all continents except Antarctica and on most human-inhabited islands. Although its Latin ... More


HUMAN COMMENSALISM AND PEST MANAGEMENT

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The status of the House Sparrow as a human commensal is discussed, including both its role as a pest and its positive impacts on humans. Methods of pest management are described and evaluated. The ... More


Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology

Dirk U. Pfeiffer, Timothy P. Robinson, Mark Stevenson, Kim B. Stevens, David J. Rogers, and Archie C. A. Clements

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198509882
eISBN:
9780191709128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509882.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This book provides an overview of the use of spatial statistics in epidemiology — the study of the incidence and distribution of diseases. Used appropriately, spatial analytical methods in ... More


The Ecology of Exotic Birds in Novel Locations

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers how exotic birds interact with native species, and how they serve to re-shape global biodiversity patterns. Both exotic and native species are distributed unevenly across the ... More


Should We Criminalize HIV Transmission?

Rebecca Bennett

in The Criminal Justice System and Health Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228294
eISBN:
9780191711343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228294.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter analyses the criminalization of disease transmission by considering whether the convictions we have witnessed, since 2003, for reckless transmission of HIV during consensual sexual ... More


Compensation and the Victims of Constraint

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

When pandemic constraints are imposed, some people will suffer losses, people who might not otherwise have done so. The economic losses of facilities that are used in pandemic emergencies have been ... More


Epidemic Puerperal Fever in Towns

Irvine Loudon

in The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204992
eISBN:
9780191676444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204992.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the puerperal fever epidemic in English towns during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Town epidemics seem to have escaped the attention of historians. They were terrible ... More


. Discrimination and Its Discontents: Protecting the Victims

Peter Baldwin

in Disease and Democracy: The Industrialized World Faces AIDS

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520243507
eISBN:
9780520940796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520243507.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter discusses the forms of discrimination of AIDS patients and HIV infection high-risk groups in different developed countries, including the ways these countries are dealing with this ... More


Male Circumcision in the AIDS Era: New Relevance of an Old Topic

Judith E. Brown

in AIDS, Culture, and Africa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032535
eISBN:
9780813039305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032535.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter examines the importance of the current research by anthropologists on male circumcision as a possible HIV intervention in Africa. It explains that modern biomedical evidence is growing ... More


Estimators of R0 derived from mechanistic models

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter presents a selection of methods to estimate a value of the basic reproduction number R₀ from a variety of available data. The estimation of R₀ is important, as these play a major role, ... More


The impacts of urbanization on avian disease transmission and emergence

Lynn B. Martin and Martyna Boruta

in Avian Urban Ecology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199661572
eISBN:
9780191810176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199661572.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines avian disease transmission and emergence in cities. It first summarizes the relevant literature then integrates it with ideas derived from the fields of disease ecology and ... More


The epidemic in a closed population

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the case of an epidemic in a closed population. “Closed” means that demographic turnover, emigration, and immigration are not considered. The following questions may be asked: ... More


. The Polymorphous Politics of Prevention

Peter Baldwin

in Disease and Democracy: The Industrialized World Faces AIDS

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520243507
eISBN:
9780520940796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520243507.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter discusses the similarities and differences in the approach that developed countries employed in the control and prevention of HIV/AIDS. It provides an account of the laws and restrictive ... More


Is the gift a good one?

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter addresses the quality of the gift of blood. The transfusion and use of whole blood and certain blood products carries with it the risk of transmitting disease, particularly serum ... More


Pathological Landscape: Epidemiology and the Medical Geography of Malaria in Palestine

in Healing the Land and the Nation: Malaria and the Zionist Project in Palestine, 1920-1947

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226779355
eISBN:
9780226779386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226779386.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the historical epidemiology and medical geography of malaria in Palestine. It explains that the country possessed topographical and climatological features that contributed to ... More


The concept of state

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter considers the case of individuals who differ from each other with respect to traits that are relevant for the transmission of an infectious agent. How do we describe the spread of the ... More


the Gift of Life: Blood, Organs, and Viruses

in Law in Crisis: The Ecstatic Subject of Natural Disaster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762564
eISBN:
9780804772426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762564.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter is about giving blood, about donating organs, and about spreading disease during and after earthquakes. More particularly, it is about the legal and political narrative of this ... More


Agent-Based Modeling

Brandon D. L. Marshall

in Systems Science and Population Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190492397
eISBN:
9780190492427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492397.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter conveys the key concepts, overarching methods, and common applications of agent-based modeling in population health science. This chapter will also provide the reader with a foundational ... More


Evolved Attitudes to Animals

T.J. Kasperbauer

in Subhuman: The Moral Psychology of Human Attitudes to Animals

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190695811
eISBN:
9780190695842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190695811.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter looks at how our attitudes to animals have been shaped by different roles animals played in our evolutionary history. It reviews research on attitudes toward animals across cultures and ... More


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