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Spatial risk assessment and management of disease

Dirk U. Pfeiffer, Timothy P. Robinson, Mark Stevenson, Kim B. Stevens, David J. Rogers, and Archie C. A. Clements

in Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198509882
eISBN:
9780191709128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509882.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the application of spatial analysis in disease management. Topics covered include spatial data in disease risk assessment, and data-driven and knowledge-driven models of ... More


Diabetes

Stephanie Zaza, Peter A. Briss, and Kate W. Harris

in The Guide to Community Preventive Services: What works to promote health?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195151091
eISBN:
9780199864973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151091.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the conclusions and recommendations from the Task Force on interventions to reduce the burden of diabetes. For interventions in the healthcare system, the Task Force ... More


Comprehensive strategies to reduce the burden of chronic diseases: What are the best ways to reduce the burden of chronic disease?

David Stuckler, Karen Siegel, Kathleen O’Connor Duffany, Sandeep Kishore, Denise Stevens, and Sanjay Basu

in Sick Societies: Responding to the global challenge of chronic disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199574407
eISBN:
9780191731204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574407.003.0057
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter is organized into two parts. Part I shows how healthcare systems — set up in a period when infectious diseases were dominant — have locked in a focus on treating acute-care episodes. It ... More


Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease

Meda E. Pavkov, Nilka R. Burrows, William C. Knowler, Robert L. Hanson, and Robert G. Nelson

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the frequency, course, and risk factors for diabetic kidney disease (CKD). It reviews current management strategies and discusses the impact of management on the progression of ... More


Innovations in Managing Alzheimer's Disease 1

CAMERON J. CAMP and JEANNE M. MATTERN

in Innovations in Practice and Service Delivery Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195111552
eISBN:
9780199865734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111552.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter reviews interventions for managing Alzheimer's disease (AD). It begins with an overview of AD, including its stages and risk factors. It then discusses innovative interventions including ... More


Crop Disease and Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from a Dynamic Structural Model of Verticillium Wilt Management

Christine L. Carroll, colin A. Carter, Rachael E. Goodhue, and C.-Y Cynthia Lin Lawell

in Agricultural Productivity and Producer Behavior

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226619804
eISBN:
9780226619941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226619941.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Crop diseases and how they are managed can have a large impact on agricultural productivity and costs in terms of crop losses. This paper discusses the effects on agricultural productivity of ... More


Disease ecology in marine conservation and management

Laurie J. Raymundo, Colleen A. Burge, and Joleah B. Lamb

in Marine Disease Ecology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198821632
eISBN:
9780191860942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821632.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

While disease is a part of all natural systems, emerging marine diseases are on the rise and many are exacerbated by anthropogenic stressors. Marine and terrestrial environments are fundamentally ... More


The management of cystic fibrosis

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0025
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the management of cystic fibrosis, a multisystem disorder characterised by chronic airway infection, malnutrition, and premature death. Management of late-stage disease may be ... More


Quality of Life in Heart Failure

Corrine Jurgens, Jom Suwanno, and Barbara Riegel

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter lends some clarity to the discussion of quality of life in heart failure (HF). To do so, it explores definitions of quality of life, outlines the literature on the effect of HF on ... More


Drug therapies

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines different types of drugs used in the management of dyspnoea. It describes palliative drug therapies that are usually turned to when disease-orientated strategies are exhausted. ... More


Understanding the Potential of Ubiquitous Computing for Chronic Disease Management

Elizabeth D. Mynatt, Gregory D. Abowd, Lena Mamykina, and Julie A. Kientz

in Health Informatics: A Patient-Centered Approach to Diabetes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014328
eISBN:
9780262289498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014328.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter describes several innovative ubicomp applications that assist in the management of chronic diseases. These applications include ones that promote an emotional connection between patients ... More


Sickle cell disease

Polly Edmonds

in Palliative Care for Non-cancer Patients

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629609
eISBN:
9780191730054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629609.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a family of haemoglobin disorders characterised by chronic haemolysis (destruction of red blood cells), intermittent vaso-occlusion (occlusion of blood vessels), and ... More


Mechanisms of dyspnoea

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the mechanisms of the respiratory disease called dyspnoea. It reviews the known physiology of respiratory system receptors and their relation to uncomfortable breathing, and ... More


Pain Management

James L. Hallenbeck

in Palliative Care Perspectives

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195165784
eISBN:
9780199999897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165784.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines pain-management issues in palliative care. Pain is the most common complaint of terminally ill patients and it has been estimated that between 85 to 95 percent of pain syndromes ... More


Massive haemoptysis: causes, assessment, and management

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0023
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the causes, diagnosis, and management of massive haemoptysis. It explains that massive haemoptysis is a medical emergency with a significant associated mortality and that ... More


Non-cancer patients as an under-served group

Julia Addington-Hall and Katherine Hunt

in A Public Health Perspective on End of Life Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199599400
eISBN:
9780191739170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599400.003.0066
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter argues that end-of-life and palliative care for those with non-malignant conditions is an area that requires innovation and future planning. With the demographic shift towards a more ... More


Chronic infections: pulmonary tuberculosis

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0032
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the treatment and management of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in the context of palliative care. It explains that pulmonary TB is an important cause of mortality and morbidity ... More


Rehabilitation and exercise

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation and exercise in the control of dyspnoea. It explains that the goal of pulmonary rehabilitation is to achieve and maintain an ... More


Relational Agents for Chronic Disease Self-Management

Timothy Bickmore

in Health Informatics: A Patient-Centered Approach to Diabetes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014328
eISBN:
9780262289498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014328.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the role of conversational computer agents, commonly known as avatars, in health behavior change interventions for diabetes patients. It suggests that conversational computer ... More


Psychosocial therapies

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines psychosocial therapies and non-pharmacological interventions for dyspnoea. It suggests that psychosocial management should include an exploration of the meaning of dyspnoea for ... More


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