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A Salvage Ethnography of the Guinea Worm: Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic in a Disease Eradication Program

Amy Moran-Thomas

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter takes the program for the eradication of the guinea worm in northern Ghana as a launching point from which to examine the different epistemologies at work in global health initiatives. ... More


The CDC and Smallpox Eradication in West and Central Africa

Bob H. Reinhardt

in The End of A Global Pox: America and the Eradication of Smallpox in the Cold War Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624099
eISBN:
9781469625102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624099.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the challenges encountered by the Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control Program (SMP) in Central and West Africa. Carrying President Johnson's mandate to lead humanity's war ... More


Introduction: Dark Winter

Bob H. Reinhardt

in The End of A Global Pox: America and the Eradication of Smallpox in the Cold War Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624099
eISBN:
9781469625102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624099.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter first describes a role-playing game developed by the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies called Operation Dark Winter. Hosted by Andrews Air Force Base in ... More


Political and Social Determinants of Disease Eradication

Robert G. Hall

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter highlights the importance of the social and political criteria in determining the feasibility of disease eradication, describes the factors affecting the results of an eradication ... More


Diagnostic Certainty and Disease Control

Iruka N. Okeke

in Divining without Seeds: The Case for Strengthening Laboratory Medicine in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449413
eISBN:
9780801460906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449413.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter demonstrates the importance of diagnostic certainty in disease eradication and control. It details the successful eradication of smallpox and the worldwide effort to eradicate polio. It ... More


Group Report: Developing an Eradication Investment Case

Kimberly M. Thompson, Regina Rabinovich, Lesong Conteh, Claudia I. Emerson, B. Fenton Hall, Peter A. Singer, Maya Vijayaraghavan, and Damian G. Walker

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the need to develop an eradication investment case (EIC) as a tool to facilitate the decision-making process involved in setting up an eradication initiative, and explores the ... More


Epilogue: Celebrating a Complicated Legacy

Bob H. Reinhardt

in The End of A Global Pox: America and the Eradication of Smallpox in the Cold War Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624099
eISBN:
9781469625102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624099.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This epilogue considers the legacy of the global smallpox eradication program. It identifies the tension between the celebration of the disease's eradication and equivocation on the destruction of ... More


Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Stephen L. Cochi and Walter R. Dowdle (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Disease eradication represents the ultimate in global equity and the definitive outcome of good public health practice. Thirty years ago, the elimination of smallpox defined disease eradication as a ... More


Group Report: Designing Elimination or Eradication Initiatives that Interface Effectively with Health Systems

Muhammad Ali Pate, John O. Gyapong, Walter R. Dowdle, Adrian Hopkins, Dairiku Hozumi, Mwelecele Malecela, and Stewart Tyson

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the optimal interface between disease eradication initiatives and health systems, and presents examples of how disease eradication programs contribute to the strengthening of ... More


The Eradication of Infectious Diseases: Understanding the Lessons and Advancing Experience

Stephen L. Cochi and Walter R. Dowdle

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The central meeting of the Ernst Strüngman Forum on “Disease Eradication in the Context of Global Health in the 21st Century” brought together a diverse group of experts who discussed the concepts of ... More


The Moral Case for Eradication

Claudia I. Emerson

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter presents arguments to pursue disease eradication from an ethical perspective that include the duty to rescue, the duty to future generations, and the notion of disease eradication as a ... More


Saving children’s lives: perspectives on immunisation

Jagrati Jani

Stuart Blume and Sidsel Roalkvam (eds)

in Protecting the World’s Children: Immunisation policies and Practices

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199666447
eISBN:
9780191749285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666447.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

For decades, vaccines have been among public health’s most powerful tools and today more and more new vaccines are becoming available. The contribution they make to children’s health does not depend ... More


How Can Elimination and Eradication Initiatives Best Contribute to Health Systems Strengthening?

Stewart Tyson and Robin Biellik

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter examines the influence of targeted disease elimination or eradication initiatives on efforts to build sustainable health services in developing countries. It discusses the effective ... More


Group Report: Assessing the Feasibility of an Eradication Initiative

Peter Strebel, Eric A. Ottesen, Ciro A. de Quadros, Sherine Guirguis, Robert G. Hall, Linda Muller, Jai Prakash Narain, and Ole Wichmann

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The criteria to determine the feasibility of disease eradication initiatives are categorized into biological, societal/political, and economic factors. This chapter describes the biological and ... More


A Shot at Protection: Immunizations Against Infectious Disease

Alan R. Hinman and Walter A. Orenstein

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Edward Jenner, an 18th century English physician, observed that milkmaids who had recovered from cowpox, did not have the facial scars of smallpox. In 1796, he demonstrated that inoculation of a ... More


Guidelines for Preparing an Eradication Investment Case

Damian G. Walker and Regina Rabinovich

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter, which describes ongoing efforts to develop guidelines for the development of an eradication investment case (EIC), first examines the process of preparing an EIC and then updates the ... More


Disease Eradication as a Springboard for Broader Public Health Communication

Jeffrey Bates, Sherine Guirguis, Thomas Moran, and Lieven Desomer

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the role and influence of mass media in public health communication. It also examines strategies and results from the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in India and ... More


Foreign Aid and Global Health

Clint Peinhardt and Todd Sandler

in Transnational Cooperation: An Issue-Based Approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199398607
eISBN:
9780199398645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398607.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

At the outset, the chapter reviews the way in which foreign assistance has changed since World War II; in particular, aid’s role in bolstering development, ameliorating poverty, and improving health. ... More


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