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Diagnosis

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the question of why the distinction between favouring and discriminating epistemic support has not been widely recognized. One explanation is that that when we think about the ... More


Favouring versus Discriminating Epistemic Support and Epistemological Disjunctivism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Epistemological disjunctivism has mostly been in the background in this second part of the book. There is a good reason for this, since the main thesis that is being propounded here regarding ... More


The Ethical Technologies of Finance

George A. Aragon

in Financial Ethics: A Positivist Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195305968
eISBN:
9780199867844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305968.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses directly on the use of “financial ethical technologies” to heighten economic value by promoting ethical expectations and ensuring ethics-like behavior. It includes a partial ... More


Chances and causes in evolutionary biology: How many chances become one chance

Roberta L. Millstein

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0020
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

As a number of biologists and philosophers have emphasized, ‘chance’ has multiple meanings in evolutionary biology. Seven have been identified. The chapter argues that there is a unified concept of ... More


Internal Stimuli Generated by Abused Substances: Role of Pavlovian Conditioning and Its Implications for Drug Addiction

Rick A. Bevins and Jennifer E. Murray

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0084
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Consideration of the importance of Pavlovian conditioning involving interoceptive stimuli to health-related issues dates back to Pavlov. Despite this long history and its likely importance, the ... More


Key concepts in EU anti-discrimination law

Evelyn Ellis and Philippa Watson

in EU Anti-Discrimination Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199698462
eISBN:
9780191745904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698462.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This analyses the EU concepts of direct and indirect discrimination, and multi-dimensional discrimination. It examines the burden of proof demanded by the CJEU and the essential role played by ... More


The Neolibertarian Proposal

Andrew Koppelman and Tobias Barrington Wolff

in A Right to Discriminate?: How the Case of Boy Scouts of America v. James Dale Warped the Law of Free Association

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300121278
eISBN:
9780300155921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300121278.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

A prominent group of scholars, referred to as “neolibertarians,” argue that noncommercial private associations should be given an absolute right to discriminate. Their approach promises “to draw a ... More


The Opponents

Christopher W. Schmidt

in The Sit-Ins: Protest and Legal Change in the Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226522302
eISBN:
9780226522586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226522586.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines those who opposed the sit-in movement. Following recent trends in the historiography of modern American conservatism, one of the chapter’s goals is to demonstrate the diversity ... More


Conclusion: ‘The problem of leisure’: millennial sophistication

in Sophistication: A Literary and Cultural History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846312328
eISBN:
9781846316111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846312328.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the history of the term sophistication. It traces how sophistication developed from a derogatory term referring to falsification or adulteration ... More


Learning while Eavesdropping on the Social World

Anna Dina L. Joaquin

in Exploring the Interactional Instinct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199927005
eISBN:
9780199369737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927005.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book proposes that language acquisition is motivated by an interactional instinct, which provides an attentional and reward mechanism that motivates a child to focus on linguistic input and to ... More


Strengthening Democracy through Inclusive Growth*

Akmal Hussain

in Democracy, Sustainable Development, and Peace: New Perspectives on South Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198092346
eISBN:
9780199082834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092346.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter postulates that sustained economic growth in Pakistan requires a change in the institutional structure whereby the middle classes and the poor can participate as subjects of the growth ... More


You Are Not a “Racist”: Destigmatizing Stereotyping and Profiling

Jack Glaser

in Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195370409
eISBN:
9780190221058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370409.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter offers basic principles for addressing racial profiling through policy, administrative or otherwise. First is promoting among law enforcement officials an understanding of what gives ... More


Data Preprocessing

Ray Huffaker, Marco Bittelli, and Rodolfo Rosa

in Nonlinear Time Series Analysis with R

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198782933
eISBN:
9780191826153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782933.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Successful reconstruction of a shadow attractor provides preliminary empirical evidence that a signal isolated from observed time series data may be generated by deterministic dynamics. However, ... More


Why So Much Unemployment?

Frank Stricker

in American Unemployment: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780252043154
eISBN:
9780252052033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043154.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

The chapter sifts through common explanations for excessive unemployment: the unemployed are too lazy and too picky; untrained and unskilled, they are undesirable hires; employers discriminate ... More


Perception of Physical Objects: The Access Problem

Michelle Montague

in The Given: Experience and its Content

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198748908
eISBN:
9780191811661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748908.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 7 continues the discussion of object perception, with a focus on the following questions. How exactly do we achieve access to the things with which we stand in perceptual intentional ... More


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