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Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

David A Liberles (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ancestral sequence reconstruction is a technique of growing importance in molecular evolutionary biology and comparative genomics. As a powerful tool for testing evolutionary and ecological ... More


De Doctrina Christiana

Saint Augustine

R. P. H. Green (ed.)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263340
eISBN:
9780191601125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263341.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This is a completely new translation of the work that Augustine wrote to guide the Christian on how to interpret Scripture and communicate it to others, a kind of do‐it‐yourself manual for ... More


Which Rights Should Be Universal?

William Talbott

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this book, William Talbott builds on the work of J.S. Mill, John Rawls, and Jürgen Habermas to develop a new equilibrium model for moral reasoning, in which moral reasoning is primarily bottom-up, ... More


CONCLUSION

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott considers how, if human psychology were different, it could have been discovered that autonomy was a burden for human beings and thus that human beings should not be ... More


The Book of Evidence

Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What is required for a fact to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this book Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, which he calls potential, veridical, epistemic‐situation, and subjective. He ... More


Reconstructing Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many of the perceived failures of Aristotelian natural philosophy in the late 16th and early 17th centuries were put down to his conception of method. In fact, both defenders of Aristotle and his ... More


The Art of Social Theory

Richard Swedberg

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155227
eISBN:
9781400850358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155227.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

In the social sciences today, students are taught theory by reading and analyzing the works of Karl Marx, Max Weber, and other foundational figures of the discipline. What they rarely learn, however, ... More


First talk, then vote

Robert E. Goodin

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Deliberative democrats offer ‘talk as a decision procedure’. This chapter argues that it is a good ‘discovery procedure’, particularly because of the way it expands the agenda; but talk is a flawed ... More


Self-Knowledge and Self-Discovery

Marcia Cavell

in Becoming a Subject: Reflections in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287086
eISBN:
9780191603921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287082.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Self-knowledge is supposed to be transforming. Yet ordinarily, knowledge by itself has no effect on the object known. This chapter discusses the phenomenon of first-person authority; ‘the ocular ... More


Engineering the Next Revolution in Neuroscience: The New Science of Experiment Planning

Alcino J. Silva, Anthony Landreth, and John Bickle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199731756
eISBN:
9780199367658
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731756.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Techniques

Science is growing at a vertiginous pace. This is no less true of neuroscience than any other discipline. It is no longer possible for anyone either to keep up with relevant literature or fully ... More


About the Book and Supporting Material

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter begins by discussing the meaning of data mining, machine learning, and knowledge discovery. Data mining, machine learning, and knowledge discovery refer to research areas which can all ... More


 Coda

Michael Ward

in Planet Narnia: The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C. S. Lewis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195313871
eISBN:
9780199871964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313871.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Reasons why Lewis's critics were not looking for a secret layer of meaning. Reasons why Lewis's critics were not interested in astrology. The extent to which Lewis knew about astronomy. The extent to ... More


Geometrical Discovery by Visualizing

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter shows how, using basic beliefs, one can go on to make a geometrical discovery by visual means in a non-empirical manner. It focuses on a simple example in order to illustrate the general ... More


Diagrams in Geometric Proofs

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Presentations of geometric proofs are often accompanied by diagrams for quick and easy comprehension. But to many people, it seems clear that diagrammatic reasoning cannot be a part of the argument ... More


Visual Thinking in Basic Analysis

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explores the vexed question of visual thinking in analysis. Is visualizing in analysis just a facilitator? Or can it have a non-redundant role in discovering truths of analysis? It is ... More


Symbol Manipulation

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explores the nature and uses of visual thinking with symbols in mathematics. It examines visual symbolic thinking, which is more varied than one might expect, to see how it can ... More


The Return to Kantian Critique: Recognizing the Rights of Ordinary Consciousness

William F. Bristow

in Hegel and the Transformation of Philosophical Critique

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199290642
eISBN:
9780191710421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290642.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that Hegel's return to the standpoint of Kantian criticism turns on his belated recognition that the epistemological demand expressed in that project — namely, that we establish ... More


PRACTICING SCIENCE: An Overview

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 1 presents an overview of the two central activities of the scientific process: discovery (learning new things about the world) and credibility (convincing other researchers that the new ... More


DISCOVERY: Learning New Things about the World

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 2 describes discovery in science: exploration at the frontiers of knowledge, becoming first to know something new, and establishing intellectual ownership by making public a discovery claim. ... More


CREDIBILITY: Validating Discovery Claims

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 3 describes how, through the credibility process, the individual's mine, here, now transforms into the community's anyone, anywhere, anytime. The possibility of credible knowledge represents ... More


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