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Epidemiology and world health

Colin Mathers

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines major developments in summarizing population health over the last thirty years, focusing on developments in global descriptive epidemiology, on the global burden of disease ... More


Economic evaluation of dengue prevention

Donald S. Shepard and Jose A. Suaya

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease which threatens half the world's population. This chapter first briefly examines an existing technology, larviciding, to control the mosquito which transmits ... More


Economic evaluations of interventions for children in the developing world: The WHO-CHOICE approach

Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Moses Aikins, Robert Black, Lara Wolfson, Raymond Hutubessy, and David B. Evans

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There are logistical and analytical challenges when conducting economic evaluations in the developing world, ranging from lack of data on costs to determining generalizability. This chapter describes ... More


Conclusion and Reflections

Paul S.F. Yip

in Suicide in Asia: Causes and Prevention

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099425
eISBN:
9789882207431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099425.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Suicide has become a worldwide public health concern. The situation is more serious in Asia in terms of the disability-adjusted life years (DALY). It is estimated that about 2.5% of loss of DALY is ... More


Measuring Global Health1

Kristin Voigt

in Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780748646920
eISBN:
9780748676682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646920.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Summary measures of population health combine information about morbidity and premature mortality within a single ‘metric’. Particularly prominent at the international level is the Global Burden of ... More


Benefits from improved health

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter starts with an inquiry into the nature of different outcome measures that are being used in the medical literature, emphasizing an important distinction between incommensurable versus ... More


The Burden of Mental Disorders

William W. Eaton, O. Joseph Bienvenu, Gerald Nestadt, Heather E. Volk, and James C. Anthony

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190916602
eISBN:
9780190916640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes seventeen important mental disorders and reviews studies of the prevalence of the disorders from around the world, presenting median and interquartile ranges for more than four ... More


Measures and Estimates of Cancer Burden

Paolo Boffetta, Dana Hashim, and Pagona Lagiou

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses the various methods for measuring cancer burden and the complexities resulting from practical applications of these measurements. It also provides an overview of global cancer ... More


How Common is Schizophrenia?

Stephen J. Glatt, Stephen V. Faraone, and Ming T. Tsuang

in Schizophrenia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198813774
eISBN:
9780191917233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813774.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

To this point, we have been providing consensus descriptions of schizophrenia, what it is and what it is not, and describing the means by which it is detected and ... More


Key elements for a new governance of addictive substances and behaviours

Peter Anderson, Fleur Braddick, Patricia Conrod, Antoni Gual, Matilda Hellman, Silvia Matrai, David Miller, David Nutt, Jürgen Rehm, Jillian Reynolds, and Tamyko Ysa

in New Governance of Addictive Substances and Behaviours

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198759836
eISBN:
9780191820809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759836.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In 2009, the European Commission, through the Social Sciences and Humanities division of the FP7 research programme, challenged Europe to build balanced anti-addiction policies, endorsed by ... More


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