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Disability, poverty and healthcare: changes in the canji (‘disability’) policies in the history of the People's Republic of China

Heidi Fjeld and Gry Sagli

in Disability and poverty: A global challenge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428851
eISBN:
9781447302063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428851.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter aims to provide an overview of the development of disability policy in the history of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It argues that seen in the perspective of the PRC's political ... More


Disability and Employment in the European Union: Collective Strategies and Tools

Anna Lawson

in Disability and Equity at Work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199981212
eISBN:
9780199358007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides context for disability and employment policy in the European Union (EU) by highlighting the key provisions of the EU’s founding treaties in these areas. It then outlines ... More


Sickness and disability reform in the Netherlands

Mara A. Yerkes

in Transforming the Dutch welfare state: Social risks and corporatist reform

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429636
eISBN:
9781447304081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429636.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter demonstrates that the perception and management of sickness and disability has greatly changed in the Netherlands. Originally intended as a passive, full income-support scheme of ... More


Disability and Equity at Work

Jody Heymann, Michael Ashley Stein, and Gonzalo Moreno

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199981212
eISBN:
9780199358007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Despite international and national guarantees of equal rights, there is still a great deal of work to be done to achieve equality in employment globally for individuals with disabilities. In ... More


Policy, history and biography

Sonali Shah and Mark Priestley

in Disability and social change: Private lives and public policies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427878
eISBN:
9781447302070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427878.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter introduces some of the key themes that have framed British disability-policy debates in recent decades and takes a closer look at the core sociological challenge of connecting biography ... More


Disability, Employment, and Inclusion Worldwide

Jody Heymann, Michael Ashley Stein, and Gonzalo Moreno

in Disability and Equity at Work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199981212
eISBN:
9780199358007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

It is estimated that close to a billion adults worldwide, or 15% of the global population, live with some kind of disability. And yet, throughout the world, hundreds of millions of working-age adults ... More


Challenging the disability benefit trap across the OECD

Alan Roulstone and Colin Barnes

in Working futures?: Disabled people, policy and social inclusion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346261
eISBN:
9781447304333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346261.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter briefly describes the magnitude of the dilemma across the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), arguing that current policies are both expensive and yet fail to ... More


Future Directions in Disability Law

Samuel R. Bagenstos

in Law and the Contradictions of the Disability Rights Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300124491
eISBN:
9780300155433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124491.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses future directions disability policy might take to respond to the limitations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). It begins by considering ways to improve the ... More


Working for a living

Sonali Shah and Mark Priestley

in Disability and social change: Private lives and public policies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427878
eISBN:
9781447302070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427878.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Moving from childhood into adulthood, this chapter explores change in employment policies and the impact this has had on young people's life opportunities and career expectations, including entry ... More


The making of disability policy in Israel: ad hoc advisory expert panels

Arie Rimmerman and Michal Soffer

in Policy Analysis in Israel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447308041
eISBN:
9781447311508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308041.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Ad-hoc advisory expert panels are widely used by governments in the United States and Europe to analyze current policy or propose alternative ones. While such panels are often used in Israel they ... More


Living with ‘disability’

Sonali Shah and Mark Priestley

in Disability and social change: Private lives and public policies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427878
eISBN:
9781447302070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427878.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter turns to a more holistic approach, reflecting on the ways in which public policies and institutions have framed young people's attempts to make sense of disability in their private ... More


Ageing with disability: An introduction

Eva Jeppsson Grassman and Anna Whitaker

in Ageing with disability: A lifecourse perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447305224
eISBN:
9781447310907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305224.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter presents background and an introduction to the lifecourse- and ageing approach of the book. With focus on biography, ageing, and long lives with disability, the key questions of the book ... More


The responsiveness of sheltered work policies

Menno Fenger, Martijn van der Steen, and Lieske van der Torre

in The responsiveness of social policies in Europe: The Netherlands in comparative perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447305767
eISBN:
9781447311577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305767.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter analyses and explains the dynamics of disability policies and, more specifically, sheltered work policies in the Netherlands and reflects on the evolution of Dutch sheltered work ... More


Traditional approaches: disability policy and the welfare state

Colin Barnes and Geof Mercer

in Independent futures: Creating user-led disability services in a disabling society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347183
eISBN:
9781447302599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347183.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter provides an overview of social policies that have influenced the lives of people with impairments, and how these have changed historically across different political and economic ... More


Parent-carers of disabled children in finland and Sweden: socially excluded by a labour of love?

Sonja Miettinen, Kristina Engwall, and Antti Teittinen

in Combining paid work and family care: Policies and experiences in international perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447306818
eISBN:
9781447310839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306818.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter focuses on parent-carers of disabled children, exploring their experiences of combining paid work and care responsibility in the context of Finnish and Swedish welfare systems. The ... More


Architecture of Injury: Disabled Veterans, Federal Policy, and the Built Environment in the Early Twentieth Century

John M. Kinder

in Veterans' Policies, Veterans' Politics: New Perspectives on Veterans in the Modern United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042077
eISBN:
9780813043456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042077.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter charts the evolution of the “architecture of injury” designed to heal and house disabled veterans following the Civil War and World War I. In doing so, it examines the spatial dimensions ... More


Introduction

Bob Sapey, Helen Spandler, and Jill Anderson

in Madness, distress and the politics of disablement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447314578
eISBN:
9781447314608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314578.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This introduction sets the scene for the book. It outlines key debates around the relationship between madness, distress and disability; provides some background to more recent interest in these ... More


People with intellectual disabilities in the European semi-periphery: the case of Hungary

Ágnes Turnpenny

in Intellectual Disability in the Twentieth Century: Transnational Perspectives on People, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447344575
eISBN:
9781447344629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447344575.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter provides an overview of how the situation of people with intellectual disabilities transformed in Hungary during the twentieth century. Focusing on four main historical periods – ... More


People with intellectual disabilities in Iceland in the twentieth century: sterilisation, social role valorisation and ‘normal life’

Guðrún Stefánsdóttir

in Intellectual Disability in the Twentieth Century: Transnational Perspectives on People, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447344575
eISBN:
9781447344629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447344575.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter considers the history of people with intellectual disabilities in Iceland, paying particular attention to the last quarter of the twentieth century when ideas about a normal life began ... More


From social menace to unfulfilled promise: the evolution of policy and practice towards people with intellectual disabilities in the United States

Philip M. Ferguson

in Intellectual Disability in the Twentieth Century: Transnational Perspectives on People, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447344575
eISBN:
9781447344629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447344575.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter uses the stories of three families, the ‘Kallikaks’, the Kennedys and the Fergusons, to narrate the key stages of the history of intellectual disability in the twentieth century. The ... More


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