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The Protection‐Pull Factors: Multiple Pathways to Early Exit

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There are multiple pathways to early exit from work: early pensions (retirement age before 65), flexible and partial pensions, special preretirement schemes, long-term unemployment benefits, and ... More


Organized Labor's Health Benefits

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter studies trade unions and how they helped promote the emerging private health insurance system, showing that the trade unions also led the drive for Medicare and disability insurance. It ... More


Equity Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Equity rights are the rights required for the equitable promotion of life prospects. They include negative opportunity rights (rights against discrimination), positive opportunity rights (rights to ... More


Health Insurance and Accessing the Health Care System

Lisa I. Iezzoni and Bonnie L. O'Day

in More than Ramps: A Guide to Improving Health Care Quality and Access for People with Disabilities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172768
eISBN:
9780199865710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172768.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Approximately 15% of Americans lack health insurance, and many have insurance policies with limited benefits, inadequate to meet their needs. This chapter examines the health insurance coverage of ... More


Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms

David A. Wise (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226903095
eISBN:
9780226921952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In nearly every industrialized country, large aging populations and increased life expectancy have placed enormous pressure on social security programs—and, until recently, the pressure has been ... More


. Disability Insurance, Population Health, and Employment in Sweden

Lisa Jönsson, Mårten Palme, and Ingemar Svensson

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226903095
eISBN:
9780226921952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the extent to which the evolution of disability insurance utilization can be explained by changes in the population health status and by changes in eligibility rules. Three main ... More


Title II: The Program Structure of Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance

Andrew W. Dobelstein

in Understanding the Social Security Act: The Foundation of Social Welfare for America in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195366891
eISBN:
9780199894208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366891.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

What is commonly referred to as “Social Security” is a government-administered social insurance program that actually consists of three interlocking programs: Old Age Retirement Insurance, (often ... More


Psychological Barriers

Robert J. Shiller

in Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294184
eISBN:
9780191596926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294182.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

One reaction to proposals for new markets is that the general public will not want to deal in them, because of some psychological inability to appreciate the benefits that the risk management may ... More


. Disability Insurance Programs in Canada

Michael Baker and Kevin Milligan

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226903095
eISBN:
9780226921952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines disability insurance programs in Canada, and analyzes the long-run trends in Canada’s Pension Plan Disability Insurance participation. It relates these trends to changes in ... More


Defining Disability

Lisa I. Iezzoni and Bonnie L. O'Day

in More than Ramps: A Guide to Improving Health Care Quality and Access for People with Disabilities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172768
eISBN:
9780199865710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172768.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Disability has numerous definitions, and different definitions conjure up varying assumptions about the lives and expectations of persons with disabilities. This chapter explores the historical roots ... More


Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement

David A. Wise (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226262574
eISBN:
9780226262604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226262604.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This volume is the sixth phase of the ongoing project on Retirement Programs Around the World. The focus is on the importance of disability programs (DI) and in particular the retirement incentive ... More


Restructuring Disability Policy and Improving Employment Outcomes in the United States

David C. Stapleton and David R. Mann

in Disability and Equity at Work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199981212
eISBN:
9780199358007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Since the mid-1980s, the employment and household income of working-age people with disabilities in the United States have steadily declined, while their reliance on public income and health support ... More


Work Disability: The Effects of Demography, Health, and Disability Insurance

Axel Börsch-Supan

in Research Findings in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226903064
eISBN:
9780226903088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903088.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter points to a tradeoff in the provision of disability insurance. Understanding the trade-off between its role as a health dependent social safety net and its use as a broader early ... More


State‐Dependent Utility

Edi Karni

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews the foundational issues raised when the evaluation of consequences is state‐dependent and discusses the various approaches to addressing them. In addition, exposes the theory of ... More


Disability Risk and the Value of Disability Insurance

Amitabh Chandra and Andrew A. Samwick (eds)

in Health at Older Ages: The Causes and Consequences of Declining Disability Among the Elderly

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226132310
eISBN:
9780226132327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226132327.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter evaluates the economic risk associated with a work disability. It specifically covers the magnitude of the disability risk, the extent of precautionary saving for potential disability, ... More


The Supplemental Security Income Program

Mark Duggan, Melissa S. Kearney, and Stephanie Rennane

in Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, Volume II

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226392493
eISBN:
9780226392523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226392523.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The SSI program provides cash assistance to elderly, blind, and disabled residents. We summarize the SSI program’s history and present descriptive evidence on caseload composition and trends. We ... More


Social insurance for individualised disability support: implementing the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)

Christiane Purcal, Karen R. Fisher, and Ariella Meltzer

in Social Policy Review 28: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2016

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447331797
eISBN:
9781447332589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447331797.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Australia is implementing an ambitious new approach to individualised disability support based on a social insurance model. In a world first, the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is funded ... More


. Disability, Health, and Retirement in the United Kingdom

James Banks, Richard Blundell, Antoine Bozio, and Carl Emmerson

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226903095
eISBN:
9780226921952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines changes in health and disability-related transfers in the UK over the last thirty years and their relation to changes in labor force participation. It first traces the evolution ... More


. Health, Disability, and Pathways into Retirement in Spain

Pilar García-Gómez, Sergi Jiménez-Martín, and Judit Vall Castelló

in Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226903095
eISBN:
9780226921952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921952.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter, which analyzes the trends in labor force participation and transitions to benefit programs of older workers in Spain, shows that despite the large improvements in mortality rates among ... More


Financial Incentives, Health, and Retirement in Spain

Pilar García-Gómez, Sergi Jiménez-Martín, and Judit Vall Castelló

in Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226262574
eISBN:
9780226262604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226262604.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this work we take advantage of the detailed health information available in the Survey of Health and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) to explore the link between health, financial incentives and ... More


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