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From Mindless to Intelligent Action

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

in Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter builds upon the preceding account of complex causal processes by considering step-by-step the increasing abilities of organisms to respond to information about their environments in ... More


The Station Of No-Station

Rushmir Mahmutćehajić

in On Love: In the Muslim Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227518
eISBN:
9780823237029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227518.003.0032
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The deeper and more wide-ranging one's reflections about love are, the clearer it becomes that it is not definable. The directedness that is felt and sought in love is revealed in the very ... More


Themes

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the four main themes of the book: 1.1 The Origin and Status of Laws of Nature. Canvassing the contemporary literature, this section shows just how differently early modern ... More


The Elements (II): On What There Is

George Molnar

in Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter attempts to answer the question, ‘What is there?’, by going one step up the ladder of abstraction. To investigate the metaphysical context of causal powers, the chapter suggests three ... More


Directedness

George Molnar

in Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains an essential feature of power properties: directedness, which provides a direction to a particular manifestation. The chapter contends that the connection between power and ... More


Conclusion

Edward J. Hughes

in Egalitarian Strangeness: On Class Disturbance and Levelling in Modern and Contemporary French Narrative

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781800348424
eISBN:
9781800852358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781800348424.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

A class border threads through many of the narratives explored in the present study, with the texts frequently mapping ‘voyages to the land of the people’. Alongside this, the relationship between ... More


Going Beyond the Motivation Given: Self-Control and Situational Control Over Behavior

Yaacov Trope and Ayelet Fishbach

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Inspired by Kurt Lewin's (1935) field theory, social psychologists have sought to demonstrate that a wide range of human behavior, socially desirable as well as undesirable, is under the control of ... More


In the Midst of Action

C. Jason Throop

in Toward an Anthropology of the Will

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804768870
eISBN:
9780804773775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804768870.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter discusses a phenomenologically grounded approach to willing based on Henri Burgson, Paul Ricoeur, and Alfred Schutz's writings. It claims that this approach to willing can have a ... More


Ur-Intentionality: What’s It All About?

Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin

in Evolving Enactivism: Basic Minds Meet Content

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036115
eISBN:
9780262339773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036115.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 5 does two things: it clarifies the features of world-involving but contentless Ur-intentionality and how this fundamental form of intentionality can be understood naturalistically. It ... More


The Revival of Shame: Contemporary History

Peter N. Stearns

in Shame: A Brief History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041402
eISBN:
9780252050008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041402.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter deals with the continuation of important efforts to reduce shame and shaming, particularly in American society over the past half century. But it also notes important and unexpected ... More


Consciousness, Broadly Construed

Mark Rowlands

in The Extended Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014038
eISBN:
9780262266024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014038.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a presentation of Frege’s reflections on the concept of sense and how it has been misread as leading to a philosophy based on psychologism. This is helpful because the focus ... More


Resting State Activity and Preintentional Organization

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

What are the neuronal mechanisms underlying intentionality? Recent findings show a neural activity balance between the midline network and the lateral cortical network. Both networks are ... More


Teleological Dispositions

Nick Kroll

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: Volume 10

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198791973
eISBN:
9780191834196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791973.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 1 argues for a teleological account of dispositions. According to this account of dispositions, the connection between dispositions and conditionals is explained in terms of the directedness ... More


Indirect Directness

Jennifer McKitrick

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: Volume 10

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198791973
eISBN:
9780191834196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791973.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Nick Kroll’s Teleological Approach to Dispositions (TAD) promises to explain the sense in which dispositions are directed at manifesting. However, Kroll’s explanation of directedness is problematic ... More


Dispositions without Teleology

David Manley and Ryan Wasserman

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: Volume 10

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198791973
eISBN:
9780191834196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791973.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Teleological Dispositions,” Nick Kroll suggests that a primitive notion of directedness can provide a theory of dispositions, an explanation of the link between dispositions and conditionals, and ... More


Commitment and Community: The Virtue of Loyalty and Vocational Discernment

Hannah Schell

in At This Time and In This Place: Vocation and Higher Education

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190243920
eISBN:
9780190243951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190243920.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter demonstrates that the relationship between vocation and virtue is not limited to the ancient world, but can be expanded and employed in the contemporary setting as well. It makes use of ... More


Self, World, and the Space Between: Community Engagement as Vocational Discernment

Darby Kathleen Ray

in At This Time and In This Place: Vocation and Higher Education

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190243920
eISBN:
9780190243951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190243920.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter begins with a brief historical sketch of the role of “community service” and “service learning” on college campuses, followed by an account of its evolution into “community engagement” ... More


The Voluntariness-Based Model of Action

Thomas Pink

in Self-Determination: The Ethics of Action, Volume 1

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199272754
eISBN:
9780191833205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272754.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter centres on Hobbes’ radical project in action theory, which has dominated English-language action theory since—of identifying action and its purposiveness with voluntariness. To do ... More


Morality and Aristotelian Character Excellence

David Conan Wolfsdorf

in Questions of Character

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199357703
eISBN:
9780199357734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357703.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter, drawing on the work of Bernard Williams, Terence Irwin, and Julia Annas, considers six conditions standardly taken to be crucial to morality: preference-independence (moral principles ... More


Phenomenal Intentionality as the Basis of Mental Content

Brian Loar

in Consciousness and Meaning: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199673353
eISBN:
9780191758935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673353.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, one of his last papers, Loar brings together all the major themes of his work on phenomenal intentionality. He mounts a grand defense for the idea that in addition to referential ... More


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