Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 42 items

  • Keywords: direct reference x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Essentialism, Semantic Theory, and Natural Kinds

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Following Nathan Salmon and D. H. Mellor, this chapter argues that natural kind essentialism of the type advocated by Kripke and Putnam is not an inevitable consequence of the adoption of an ... More


Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ordinary language and scientific language enable us to speak about, in a singular way (with demonstratives and names), what we recognize not to exist: fictions, the contents of our hallucinations, ... More


Beyond Modality

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A final problem left over from the previous chapter is that of substantive necessity. How are we to distinguish substantively necessary sentences from analytic ones? This problem arises because we ... More


Remarks on the philosophy of names

John M. Anderson

in The Grammar of Names

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297412
eISBN:
9780191711176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Thinking about names has exercised most of the leading figures in philosophy. However, Mill's work brought into focus what has remained perhaps the major issue, arising from his contention that names ... More


Referential Uses and the Foundations of Direct Reference

Joseph Almog

in Having in Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844845
eISBN:
9780199933501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on Keith Donnellan’s innovative 1966 paper “Reference and Definite Descriptions.” It suggests that it was in this paper that the now so influential “direct reference” semantic ... More


Meaning

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The traditional account of the analytic/synthetic distinction is based on a naive folk theory of language. This chapter explains how that folk theory supported a particular version of the ... More


The Content of Phenomenal Concepts

David J. Chalmers

in The Character of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195311105
eISBN:
9780199870851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311105.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter develops an account of the distinctive nature of phenomenal concepts, grounded in part in an analysis of the epistemological and conceptual observations that drive the arguments against ... More


Acquaintance

David Bostock

in Russell's Logical Atomism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651443
eISBN:
9780191741197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651443.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Russell invokes acquaintance with particular objects, with universals, and (tentatively) with the concepts of logic, in each case as the explanation of our understanding of propositions. The first ... More


Standard Name Meaning

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows that the alternative to the Frege-Mill dichotomy follows directly from the refutation of Millian and Fregean theories: standard names have nondescriptive senses, which differ from ... More


The Skeptical Argument Further Examined: on Resources, Allegedly Overlooked, for Confirming Psychophysical Identities

LaPorte Joseph

in Rigid Designation and Theoretical Identities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609208
eISBN:
9780191745027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609208.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The skeptical argument against specific statements identifying a phenomenal property with a scientific one has been criticized for overlooking two salient resources that would put an end to ... More


Russell (and More Frege)

Howard Wettstein

in The Magic Prism: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195160529
eISBN:
9780199835072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195160525.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Russell’s alternative to Frege’s theory of propositions, according to which there can be nonconceptual constituents of propositions, is noted. It is also Russell’s belief that when one is acquainted ... More


Sensing and Reference

Austen Clark

in A Theory of Sentience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238515
eISBN:
9780191679650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238515.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The claim that sensation refers to space-time regions is made less than trivial by the less than trivial character of the claims that it is a system of representation and that those representations ... More


Belief, Reference, and Quantification

P. F. Strawson

in Entity and Identity: And other essays

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250159
eISBN:
9780191598470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250150.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Many propositions ascribing a belief to a person can simply be understood as expressing a two‐termed relation between person and proposition. This simple account becomes untenable when the ascription ... More


Religious Language

William P. Alston

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

First there is some preliminary clearing of the deck. I argue against Verificationism (what seem like statements about God do have truth-values), and against Wittgensteinians (that religious ... More


General Introduction

Jody Azzouni

in Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.003.0000
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Our thinking and speech about what doesn’t exist involves use/mention errors. When we recognize that “Pegasus doesn’t exist” can’t be about Pegasus (because there is no such object), we warp what the ... More


Cutting Philosophy of Language Down to Size *

Ruth Garret Millikan

in Language: A Biological Model

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284764
eISBN:
9780191603167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284768.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Two mistaken assumptions lay at the heart of the mid-century philosophy of language. First, unlike the act of knowing an empirical fact, the act of referentially meaning something, though perhaps not ... More


Reference, Truth, and Context

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The chapter treats context-dependence of words’ and concepts’ reference, with truth a special case of reference. On a naturalistic analysis, reference is to explain communication of beliefs. Taken ... More


David Kaplan: The Man at Work

Joseph Almog

in The Philosophy of David Kaplan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367881
eISBN:
9780199867585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367881.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents an introduction to David Kaplan. Topics covered include the influence of Church, Carnap, and Montague, from whom Kaplan got the eye for elegant formal codifications; Kaplan's ... More


Should Proper Names Still Seem So Problematic?

Michael Devitt

in On Reference

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198714088
eISBN:
9780191782527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714088.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

What determines the reference of a proper name? What is the meaning of a proper name? Kripke presented a radically new “picture” in answer to the reference question. Andrea Bianchi claims that “forty ... More


Essays on Reference, Language, and Mind

Keith Donnellan

Joseph Almog and Paolo Leonardi (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199857999
eISBN:
9780190267667
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199857999.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Keith Donnellan is one of the major figures in 20th-century philosophy of language, a key part of the highly influential generation of scholars that included Hilary Putnam, Saul Kripke, and David ... More


View: