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Direct Perceptual Realism I: The Refutation of Idealism

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Kant's argument for direct perceptual realism. It begins with a negative evaluation of Kant's Refutation and then moves towards a more positive line of analysis. It is argued ... More


Direct Perceptual Realism II: Non‐Conceptual Content

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the ‘direct’ aspect of direct perceptual realism, and in particular, Kant's theory of non-conceptual perceptual content. A cognition is direct in the Kantian sense if and only ... More


The Nature of Perception

John Foster

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237693.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Within the framework of a realist view of the physical world, there are two general theories of the nature of perception. The first is strong direct realism (SDR). This accepts a realist view of the ... More


External Object Foundationalism

Jack C. Lyons

in Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373578
eISBN:
9780199871988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is partly stage-setting. It introduces a theory called “External Object Foundationalism,” according to which some basic beliefs are beliefs about external objects and not merely beliefs ... More


Starting Afresh Disjunctively: Perceptual Engagement with the World

Sonia Sedivy

in Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231546
eISBN:
9780191716126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231546.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

It is claimed that a non-objectifying explanatory approach to perception shows how the disjunctive insight works together with conceptualist direct realism to give the best explanation of perception. ... More


The Traditional Issue

John Foster

in The Nature of Perception

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237693.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Let us provisionally assume a realist view of the physical world, which takes the world to be mind‐independent and metaphysically fundamental. Within the framework of this assumption, there are two ... More


The Issue Before Us

John Foster

in The Nature of Perception

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237693.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Strong direct realism (SDR) has the resources to meet the Causal Argument from hallucination, which I once thought decisive. But it fails for a different reason. When a physical item is Φ‐terminally ... More


Direct Realism and Reliabilism

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses two ‘impatient’ ways of escaping the see‐saw of foundationalism and coherentism: direct realism (John McDowell) and reliabilism (Alvin Goldman). The latter two try to overcome the ... More


What Do We See?

Bimal Krishna Matilal

in Perception: An Essay on Classical Indian Theories of Knowledge

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239765
eISBN:
9780191680014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239765.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The problems of perception are generally discussed in the Western context with reference to three main theories. These theories are about what one can directly know, and how one knows it. They are ... More


Empirical Ideality, Reality, and Matter

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583652
eISBN:
9780191723155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores the sense in which Descartes took matter to be empirically real. This requires the chapter to look at the Sixth Meditation proof for the existence of bodies. Here, the chapter ... More


Direct Realism and the Extended Mind

J. Christopher Maloney

in What It Is Like To Perceive: Direct Realism and the Phenomenal Character of Perception

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190854751
eISBN:
9780190854782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854751.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Representationalism rightly treats perception as a type of cognitive representation. However, it wrongly proposes that perceptual content determines phenomenal character. Rather, it is the form, not ... More


Comment on John McDowell's ‘The Disjunctive Conception of Experience as Material for a Transcendental Argument’

Crispin Wright

in Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231546
eISBN:
9780191716126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231546.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In his contribution to the present volume, John McDowell proposes a distinctive kind of ‘transcendental’ argument for the disjunctive conception of experience, and renews his claim that the latter ... More


Direct Realism and Hallucination

J. Christopher Maloney

in What It Is Like To Perceive: Direct Realism and the Phenomenal Character of Perception

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190854751
eISBN:
9780190854782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854751.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Perception provides direct acquaintance with existent physical objects, if direct realism is true. However, hallucination involves perceptual experience of what does not exist. How should a direct ... More


Questions about Rationality

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Introduces the key question for the discussion of Ch. 7–11: Why is it that the dichotomy ‘rational versus irrational’ can be applied to empirical beliefs? It uses this question in order to develop a ... More


Analysis of Perceptual Illusion

Bimal Krishna Matilal

in Perception: An Essay on Classical Indian Theories of Knowledge

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239765
eISBN:
9780191680014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239765.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Sensory (perceptual) illusion is said to be ‘promiscuous’ in Nyāya. Promiscuity of awareness here means that it deals with two ‘objects’ at the same time. ‘Illusion’ is used for cases where something ... More


Real Direct Realism: Reflections on Perception

Galen Strawson

in Phenomenal Qualities: Sense, Perception, and Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198712718
eISBN:
9780191781049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712718.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter makes a number of arguments. Direct realism is true, when properly understood. The issue of its truth or falsity must be kept separate from the issue of scepticism regarding an external ... More


An Externalist’s Guide to Inner Experience

Benj Hellie

in Perceiving the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195386196
eISBN:
9780199866748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386196.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

How is the direct realist’s relational consciousness related to phenomenality? I develop a notion of reflective indiscriminability intended to answer to sameness of phenomenal character. Then suppose ... More


Why Direct Realism Needs Objective Secondary Qualities

Christopher A. Shrock

in Thomas Reid and the Problem of Secondary Qualities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474417846
eISBN:
9781474438650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417846.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Which of the three premises of the Problem of Secondary Qualities should we dismiss for the sake of Direct Realism? Surprisingly, the Non-Physicality Thesis. Attempts to reject the Spreading ... More


Thomas Reid and the Problem of Secondary Qualities

Christopher A. Shrock

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474417846
eISBN:
9781474438650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417846.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Thomas Reid, the father of Common Sense, champions Direct Realism against the Problem of Secondary Qualities. Direct Realism holds immediate objects of perception, like rocks and desks, to be ... More


Why Direct Realism?

Christopher A. Shrock

in Thomas Reid and the Problem of Secondary Qualities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474417846
eISBN:
9781474438650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417846.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

As the common sense view of perception, Direct Realism rightly stands in a privileged position in relation to rival perceptual theories, Idealism and Indirect Realism. For most thinkers, rejecting ... More


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