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The Politics of Reform in Israel: How the Israeli Mixed System Came to Be

Gideon Rahat

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

An analysis of the factors and the processes that led to the adoption of a mixed‐member electoral system in Israel. The first section analyzes the characteristics of the Israeli pre‐reform extreme ... More


Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Margit Tavits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is about presidents in parliamentary systems. One commonly recurring political debate within parliamentary systems is over whether or not the public should directly elect the head of state. ... More


The Israeli Mixed Electoral System: Unexpected Reciprocal and Cumulative Consequences

Reuven Y. Hazan

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This analyzes the consequences of the Israeli version of a mixed electoral system, in which a majoritarian method of electing the head of the executive branch was grafted onto an extremely ... More


The Failure of Presidential Parliamentarism: The Failure of Presidential Parliamentarism: Constitutional versus Structural Constitutional versus Structural Presidentialization in Israel's Presidentialization in Israel's Parliamentary Democracy

Reuven Y. Hazan

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In no parliamentary democracy has the presidentialization of politics achieved such magnitude as in Israel. In 1992, the Israeli parliament adopted a law that altered not only the electoral system ... More


Israel: The Politics of an Extreme Electoral System

Gideon Rahat and Reuven Y. Hazan

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Israel had a closed list PR system that was so proportional that it resulted in a large multi-party system with a very fragmented parliament. One result is that for decades, Israel experienced ... More


The Activism of Indirectly and Directly Elected Presidents

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter continues to evaluate the effect of selection methods on presidential activism with a thorough investigation of countries employing indirect (Estonia, Hungary, Germany) or direct ... More


Conclusions

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The final chapter reviews the major findings. It also discusses the practical implications of these findings reiterating that the focus of constitution designers on the election mechanism of the head ... More


Senate Electoral Responsiveness under Indirect and Direct Election

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter integrates findings on indirect elections with current scholarship on the impact of the adoption of the Seventeenth Amendment and onset of direct elections. It constructs a comprehensive ... More


Introduction

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to examine the dynamics of indirect elections and assess the consequences of the switch to direct elections with the adoption of the ... More


Political Dynamics and Senate Representation

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores the links between the indirect electoral mechanism and patterns of representational behavior that appear to differ markedly from that exhibited by U.S. senators today. ... More


Myth and Reality of the Seventeenth Amendment

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

in Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter summarizes the book's findings and reflects more broadly on the quality and context of Senate representation under two different electoral systems. In doing so, it addresses several key ... More


Kims’ Dilemma and the Politics of Rivalry: An A nalysis of the Democratic Opening and the 1987 Presidential Election

HeeMin Kim

in Korean Democracy in Transition: A Rational Blueprint for Developing Societies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129945
eISBN:
9780813135748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129945.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter looks at two seemingly strange events which occurred before the presidential election in South Korea in 1987. This chapter attempts to analyze, from the rational choice framework, the ... More


Maintaining Cohesion

George C. Edwards III

in Why the Electoral College Is Bad for America: Third Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300243888
eISBN:
9780300249651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300243888.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers another set of justifications about the electoral college—this time based on maintaining the harmony and cohesion of the Republic. Instead of emphasizing what the electoral ... More


Conclusion

George C. Edwards III

in Why the Electoral College Is Bad for America: Third Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300243888
eISBN:
9780300249651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300243888.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter summarizes the findings of the previous chapters and concludes that electoral colleges violate political equality. It argues that the electoral college system is obsolete. The United ... More


Preserving the Party System

George C. Edwards III

in Why the Electoral College Is Bad for America: Third Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300243888
eISBN:
9780300249651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300243888.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter concerns the preservation of the party system as another argument in favor of electoral colleges. This argument asserts that the direct election of the president would fragment and ... More


Protecting Interests

George C. Edwards III

in Why the Electoral College Is Bad for America: Third Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300243888
eISBN:
9780300249651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300243888.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter investigates justifications for the electoral college. It focuses in particular on the protection of significant interests which would be overlooked or harmed under a system of direct ... More


Democracy and representation: the rights of mayors

Colin Copus

in Leading the Localities: Executive Mayors in English Local Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719071867
eISBN:
9781781701379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719071867.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter explores the political power of the English elected mayor, how mayors have carved out a role for themselves locally and how they have operated within a framework set out in both ... More


The Constitution of 1848: Reconstructing Government, Balancing Powers, Oppressing Free Blacks

Frank Cicero Jr.

in Creating the Land of Lincoln: The History and Constitutions of Illinois, 1778-1870

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041679
eISBN:
9780252050343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

Chapter 4 focuses on the 1847 Illinois state constitutional convention and the constitution approved by voters in 1848. Democrats comprised a majority of delegates, but Whigs built many successful ... More


Councillors: a new and developing role or a diminished responsibility?

Colin Copus

in Leading the Localities: Executive Mayors in English Local Governance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719071867
eISBN:
9781781701379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719071867.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter discusses the role of the councillor serving alongside an elected mayor, and the reactions and experiences of councillors to working with an elected mayor. It specifically explores how ... More


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