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Non‐Human Animals, Humanity, and the Kingdom of Ends

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A strategy developed by Thomas E. Hill Jr. — that of using the kingdom of ends as a moral constructivist device for deliberating about specific moral questions — is adopted as a further interpretive ... More


Rights beyond Interests

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Rights are most often thought of either as claims to something or as protected options to act, though these categories are not exhaustive. Are rights prior in any sense to their correlative duties so ... More


Promotional and Direct Duties

Elizabeth Cripps

in Climate Change and the Moral Agent: Individual Duties in an Interdependent World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665655
eISBN:
9780191753039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665655.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter defends individual promotional duties as primary in cases of unfulfilled weakly collective duties. It appeals to efficiency, effectiveness and fairness, and responds to four objections. ... More


Rights’ Relation to the First and Second Person

Rowan Cruft

in Human Rights, Ownership, and the Individual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198793366
eISBN:
9780191884122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793366.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 4 develops a new account of what it is to be owed a duty. There are two parts to the analysis. The first part says that it is distinctive of a duty owed to a capable party (an adult, young ... More


Moral Status

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In one sense, moral status can be defined as what it is morally permissible or impermissible to do to some entity. In this sense, rocks may have the moral status of entities to which, just ... More


Hohfeld’s Claims and Thomson’s Doubts

Margaret Gilbert

in Rights and Demands: A Foundational Inquiry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198813767
eISBN:
9780191851506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813767.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Hohfeldian claims. One person’s claim against another is correlative and equivalent to that other’s duty toward him. The relevant notion of “equivalence” is explained, and the ... More


Contemporary Rights Theories: The Problem Remains

Margaret Gilbert

in Rights and Demands: A Foundational Inquiry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198813767
eISBN:
9780191851506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813767.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The most influential theories of claims within contemporary rights theory are considered in relation to the demand-right problem. Starting with Hohfeld’s equivalence, contemporary theorists generally ... More


Indeterminacy

Jean Thomas

in Public Rights, Private Relations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199677733
eISBN:
9780191757259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677733.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Taken out of the public law context–that is, having their exclusive duty–bearer no longer be the state–public law rights become underdeterminate or indeterminate. Not so much as far as the interests ... More


The Idea of the Moral Community

Henry Richardson

in Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter explicates the idea of the moral community as the open-ended set of all individuals who can wrong or be wronged by another. Examining these ideas of wronging someone or being wronged by ... More


Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Henry Richardson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

As this highly original work explains, morality is not fixed objectively, independently of all human judgment, nor is it something that we “invent.” Rather, working within zones of objective ... More


Some Central Distinctions from Rights Theory

Margaret Gilbert

in Rights and Demands: A Foundational Inquiry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198813767
eISBN:
9780191851506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813767.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Four relations distinguished by rights theorist Wesley Hohfeld are introduced: claims, liberties (privileges), powers, and immunities. A broader conception of powers and immunities than is standard ... More


Moral Status, Person-Affectingness, and Parfit’s No Difference View

F. M. Kamm

in Rethinking Moral Status

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780192894076
eISBN:
9780191915208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894076.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter first considers the idea of an entity’s moral status as what it is permissible or impermissible to do to it and examines how its status so understood relates to whether it is sentient, ... More


Conclusion

Henry Richardson

in Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This concluding chapter restates the book’s central arguments in a simple, linear order, highlighting its conclusions about the nature of the moral community, the proper analysis of dyadic rights and ... More


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