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Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The book proposes a unifying conception which shows that the differences between ‘majoritarian’, ‘consensus’ and other forms of representative democracy are superficial compared to what unites them. ... More


New Forms of Democracy? Reform and Transformation of Democratic Institutions

Russell J. Dalton, Susan E. Scarrow, and Bruce E. Cain

in Democracy Transformed?: Expanding Political Opportunities in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199264995
eISBN:
9780191603259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264996.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter introduces this book’s examination of changing political institutions and practices in established democracies that provide citizens with access and participation opportunities. After ... More


Plural Democracy: Variations on a Theme

Frank Hendriks

in Vital Democracy: A Theory of Democracy in Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572786
eISBN:
9780191722370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572786.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Democracy is defined as a political system in which citizens rule, either by themselves or through others that are elected, influenced, and controlled by the people, in a way that puts each citizen ... More


A Second Transformation of Democracy?

Mark E. Warren

in Democracy Transformed?: Expanding Political Opportunities in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199264995
eISBN:
9780191603259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264996.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The forms of representative democracy familiar to democratic theory are being overgrown by many new political forces that would appear to have democratic features. These include the rise of social ... More


Dimensions of Citizen Control

Kaare Strøm, Wolfgang C. Müller, Torbjörn Bergman, and Benjamin Nyblade

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Representative democracy means delegation, and delegation implies the risk of agency problems. Parliamentary democracy is a particular delegation regime, a way to structure the democratic policy ... More


The Populist Challenge to Élitist Democracy in Europe

Jack Hayward

in Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280354
eISBN:
9780191599422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280351.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The conflict between representative and direct democracy over which is the more authentic reflection of public opinion poses the tension between competing political leaders and a purported will of ... More


Conclusion: No Integration Without Representation? 1

Berthold Rittberger

in Building Europe's Parliament: Democratic Representation Beyond the Nation State

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273423
eISBN:
9780191602764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273421.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The conclusion discusses the broader implications of the book’s findings for the ‘state’ of parliamentary democracy in the EU and the prospects for parliamentary democracy in other international ... More


Making Elections More Direct? Reducing the Role of Parties in Elections

Susan E. Scarrow

in Democracy Transformed?: Expanding Political Opportunities in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199264995
eISBN:
9780191603259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264996.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the role political parties play in elections in established representative democracies, and asks whether new institutions and procedures are reducing parties’ traditional role ... More


Parties at the Core of Government

Kaare Strøm

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines whether the behaviour of parties in cabinet formation and in control of the executive branch have changed over time. The evidence indicates that parties remain entrenched in the core of the ... More


Representation, legitimacy, and democracy

Michael Saward

in The Representative Claim

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579389
eISBN:
9780191722950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579389.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This concluding chapter reviews key points and steps back to consider what these new approaches and arguments, built around the claim‐based approach to representation, might mean for democratic ... More


Introduction: Referendums in a European Context

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This introductory chapter establishes the importance of direct democracy to the process of European integration. It provides an overview of referendums on European integration, outlining the origins ... More


Lessons and Future Challenges

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This concluding chapter summarizes the key arguments and findings of the book. It discusses the normative and policy implications of this study, focusing particularly on the issue of voter competence ... More


Denmark: Delegation and Accountability in Minority Situations

Erik Damgaard

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Denmark is close to an ideal-typical model of parliamentary democracy; however, the picture is complicated by at least five general features of Danish politics. First, Denmark is a small state, ... More


Switzerland Adjustment Politics Within Institutional Constraints

Giuliano Bonoli and André Mach

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Among ‘Continental’ welfare states, Switzerland had and has the highest per capita income and the highest employment ratio in the group of advanced welfare states included in this study. Its ... More


Switzerland: The Militia Myth and Incomplete Professionalization

Reto Wiesli

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Four features are highly valued in Switzerland's political system and political culture: the militia principle, direct democracy, federalism, and consociationalism. These factors also have a strong ... More


Democracy1

Joshua Cohen

in Rousseau: A Free Community of Equals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581498
eISBN:
9780191722875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581498.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter responds to the second part of the realism objection, the problem of institutional possibility. To set the foundation, it outlines Rousseau's views about institutions: rule of law, ... More


Beyond Representation: Constitutional Referendums and Deliberative Democracy

Stephen Tierney

in Constitutional Referendums: The Theory and Practice of Republican Deliberation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592791
eISBN:
9780191741067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592791.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter considers how the referendum has been appraised within contemporary theories of democracy, setting out the key debates, and establishing points of further enquiry that will enable a ... More


Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Sara Binzer Hobolt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Direct democracy has become an increasingly common feature of European politics with important implications for policy‐making in the European Union. The no‐votes in referendums in France and the ... More


Constitutional Referendums: The Theory and Practice of Republican Deliberation

Stephen Tierney

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592791
eISBN:
9780191741067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592791.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The use of referendums around the world has grown remarkably in the past thirty years and, in particular, referendums are today deployed more than ever in the settlement of constitutional questions, ... More


Storable Votes in Large Elections

Alessandra Casella

in Storable Votes: Protecting the Minority Voice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195309096
eISBN:
9780199918171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309096.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Referenda are becoming a common tool for public decision-making, and as reliance on direct democracy increases, so does the importance of giving representation to strongly held minority ... More


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