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Dimensionality and Its Reduction

Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

With the dramatic increase in data available from a new generation of astronomical telescopes and instruments, many analyses must address the question of the complexity as well as size of the data ... More


On semiparametric inference

Andrea Rotnitzky

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter reviews some key elements of semiparametric theory and the contributions of semiparametric inference to the challenge posed by high-dimensional data, for which the specification of ... More


Instrument Design

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter focuses on instrument design, with detailed discussion on anticipating the social relevance of varying options in construct conceptualization for scales and tests. Considering how to ... More


Spin Glasses: General Features

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

in Spin Glasses and Complexity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter finally deals with the concept of spin glasses. The intention is not to provide anything approaching a thorough history of the subject. The field today is broad, with threads and ... More


Repeated Games

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Repeated games are considered. The discussion explains issues surrounding randomization, observability, feasibility, and convexity. Games with pay-off averaging and discounting are examined, along ... More


On Time: The Past That Lies before Us

John Paul Lederach

in The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174540
eISBN:
9780199835409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174542.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that the moral imagination requires us to develop the art of living in multiple time and space spheres. Multi-dimensionality is present even in the moments of greatest crisis, ... More


Extending the Model

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Surveys extensions to the mainstream models that were introduced in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s: higher dimensionality (Sect. 1), tariffs in the rest of the world (Sect. 2), the terms of trade (Sect. ... More


The two-dimensional structure of traits

Amanda Bittner

in Platform or Personality?: The Role of Party Leaders in Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199595365
eISBN:
9780191725593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595365.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter assesses the types of questions that have been asked about leaders' traits over time, seeking to better understand the nature of trait structure in the minds of voters. The ... More


Receptacles: Hosts and Guests

Hud Hudson

in The Metaphysics of Hyperspace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199282579
eISBN:
9780191712463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282579.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A receptacle is a region of space possibly exactly occupied by a material object. This chapter defends the Liberal View of Receptacles, according to which absolutely every region is a receptacle, ... More


Representation Over Time: Empowering Both Plurality and Median Voter Preferences Through Policy Inertia—A Model and Simulation

Ian Budge, Hans Keman, Michael McDonald, and Paul Pennings

in Organizing Democratic Choice: Party Representation Over Time

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654932
eISBN:
9780191741685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654932.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter searches for conditions that make responsive and neutral representation possible over time despite some degree of incongruence with popular preferences in the short run. That search ... More


The Nature of Citizen Preferences: Meaningful and Stable?

Ian Budge, Hans Keman, Michael McDonald, and Paul Pennings

in Organizing Democratic Choice: Party Representation Over Time

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654932
eISBN:
9780191741685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654932.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Ultimately democracy is about public policy reflecting citizen not just voter preferences. This raises the question of how far citizen (i.e. elector) preferences as expressed outside the election ... More


Dimensional reduction in inorganic oxysalts

Sergry V. Krivovichev

in Structural Crystallography of Inorganic Oxysalts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213207
eISBN:
9780191707117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213207.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter analyses ‘structure-composition’ correlations in inorganic oxysalts by means of dimensional reduction. It is shown that the dimensionality of structural units in inorganic oxysalts is ... More


Styles Of Enquiry and the Question Of a Common Ontology

Geoffrey Lloyd

in Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199270163
eISBN:
9780191602276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270163.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Do Greek and Chinese cosmologies relate to different worlds or merely express various views concerning the same, one world? Different world views may be associated with different styles of enquiry, ... More


Phonon drag thermopower of low-dimensional systems

R. Fletcher, E. Zaremba, and U. Zeitler

in Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter reviews the experimental and theoretical literature on phonon drag thermopower in reduced dimensionality conductors, particularly in the two-dimensional (2-D) case. It emphasizes the ... More


Faking Does Distort Self-Report Personality Assessment

Ronald R. Holden and Angela S. Book

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter indicates that self-report personality assessment can be substantially distorted by faking. In putting forth this premise, the nature and the dimensionality of faking are examined, ... More


‘Upward, Yet Not Northward’

Timotheus Vermeulen

in Scenes from the Suburbs: The Suburb in Contemporary US Film and Television

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748691661
eISBN:
9781474400909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691661.003.0007
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

“Upward, yet not northward”, Edward Abbott ends his novel Flatland. In the novel, a creature finds out that there are more dimensions than the two he has hitherto been living. He realizes that he can ... More


Traditionalism

Steven Hurst

in Cold War US Foreign Policy: Key Perspectives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748620791
eISBN:
9780748652686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620791.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter analyses the traditional interpretation of US foreign policy during the Cold War. It explains that traditionalism is better understood as an extension of the prevailing pre-World War 2 ... More


Assumptions

J. Patrick Meyer

in Understanding Measurement: Reliability

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195380361
eISBN:
9780199847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380361.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Assumptions about a measurement procedure can be categorized into three divisions, namely, assumptions about dimensionality, error score correlations, and the nature of measurement procedure ... More


Modeling Spatial Phenomena

Roman M. Krzanowski and Jonathan Raper

in Spatial Evolutionary Modeling

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195135688
eISBN:
9780197561621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195135688.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In part II we describe some possible methods of modeling spatial phenomena with spatial evolutionary algorithms. We will explain what spatial evolutionary ... More


Dimension and Illusion *

Peter J. Lewis

in The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790807
eISBN:
9780199979660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790807.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What does realism about the quantum world entail? If one takes the formalism of the theory at face value, the most plausible candidate for a fundamental entity is the quantum wave function. The wave ... More


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