Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 23 items

  • Keywords: digits x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Digits and Digit Identity

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter investigates the evolutionary and developmental biology of digits, focusing on what these appendages can teach us about character identity and character origination. The idea that digits ... More


End-effector Constraints

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The manner in which the hand makes contact with the environment constrains or enhances the type of information that can be manually extracted and the actions that can be performed. This chapter ... More


An Introduction to Benford's Law

Arno Berger and Theodore P. Hill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163062
eISBN:
9781400866588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163062.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This book provides the first comprehensive treatment of Benford's law, the surprising logarithmic distribution of significant digits discovered in the late nineteenth century. Establishing the ... More


Introduction

Arno Berger and Theodore P. Hill

in An Introduction to Benford's Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163062
eISBN:
9781400866588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163062.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This introductory chapter provides an overview of Benford' law. Benford's law, also known as the First-digit or Significant-digit law, is the empirical gem of statistical folklore that in many ... More


Act natural, because of Benford’s Law

Susan D'Agostino

in How to Free Your Inner Mathematician: Notes on Mathematics and Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198843597
eISBN:
9780191879388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843597.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

“Act natural, because of Benford’s Law” explains how and why large data sets generated as a result of human behavior concerning health records, population counts, tax returns, stock prices, national ... More


Vertebrate Limb Evolution

Michel Laurin

in How Vertebrates Left the Water

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266476
eISBN:
9780520947986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266476.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

To understand the colonization of land by vertebrates, this chapter studies the origin and evolution of limbs, and especially of their skeleton, first examining the vertebrate skeleton, and then ... More


Digital Calculators

Gualtiero Piccinini

in Physical Computation: A Mechanistic Account

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199658855
eISBN:
9780191748158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658855.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explicates digital calculators in mechanistic terms. A digital calculator is a digital computing system whose function is to perform a few computational operations on strings of digits ... More


A Quick Introduction to Benfordʼs Law

Steven J. Miller

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides a brief overview of Benford's law. It states Benford's law of digit bias and describes its history. The chapter then discusses the origins of Benford's law and gives numerous ... More


A Short Introduction to the Mathematical Theory of Benfordʼs Law

Arno Berger and T. P. Hill

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter embarks on a brief discussion of the mathematical theory of Benford's law. This law is the observation that in many collections of numbers, be they mathematical tables, real-life data, ... More


Can Vote Countsʼ Digits and Benfordʼs Law Diagnose Elections?

Walter R. Mebane,

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter illustrates how the conditional mean of precinct vote counts' second digits can respond to strategic behavior by voters in response to the presence of a coalition among political ... More


Complementing Benfordʼs Law for Small N: A Local Bootstrap

Boudewijn F. Roukema

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter analyzes the initially published results of the 2009 Iranian presidential elections. It applies a small N statistical first-digit frequency test that is as nonparametric as possible in a ... More


Testing for Strategic Manipulation of Economic and Financial Data

Charles C. Moul and John V. C. Nye

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter surveys applications of Benford's law within economics, such as its use in investigating the validity of macroeconomic data series. It argues that, given the strong interest in strategic ... More


Generalizing Benfordʼs Law

Joanne Lee, Wendy K. Tam Cho, and George Judge

in Benford's Law: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147611
eISBN:
9781400866595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147611.003.0017
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter examines and searches for evidence of fraud in two clinical data sets from a highly publicized case of scientific misconduct. In this case, data were falsified by Eric Poehlman, a ... More


Significant Digits and the Significand

Arno Berger and Theodore P. Hill

in An Introduction to Benford's Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163062
eISBN:
9781400866588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163062.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Benford's law is a statement about the statistical distribution of significant (decimal) digits or, equivalently, about significands, namely fraction parts in floating-point arithmetic. Thus, a ... More


Describing Data

Deborah Nolan and Sara Stoudt

in Communicating with Data: The Art of Writing for Data Science

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198862741
eISBN:
9780191895357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862741.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

This chapter covers how to write about data analyzed for a technical article. Examples are provided for writing a data description, including how to reference the source of the data, describe methods ... More


Zero: Place-holder and peculiar number

Marcel Danesi

in Pythagoras' Legacy: Mathematics in Ten Great Ideas

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198852247
eISBN:
9780191886959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852247.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

Numerals are symbols that represent numbers. The most commonly used numerals, which are easy to read after one has learned to use them, are the decimal ones. The principle used to construct them is ... More


The Influence of Verbal Working Memory on Writing Skills in Children with Hearing Loss

Barbara Arfé, Federica Nicolini, and Elena Pozzebon

in Writing Development in Children with Hearing Loss, Dyslexia, or Oral Language Problems: Implications for Assessment and Instruction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199827282
eISBN:
9780190231781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827282.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The chapter examines the relationship between verbal working memory and writing in a group of 34 children with hearing loss. The writing performance of 17 deaf children with low digit-span scores was ... More


Monkeys with World-Spanning Voices

Peter J. Bentley

in Digitized: The science of computers and how it shapes our world

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693795
eISBN:
9780191918421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693795.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

The howler monkey is one of the loudest animals in the world. Its haunting calls can be heard several miles away in dense forest. Today, with the help of the computer, even the quietest human voice ... More


Data: The Given

Stephen Humphreys

in International Law's Objects

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198798200
eISBN:
9780191858642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798200.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

What is data, and how does it matter for international law? This chapter examines the material nature of the binary digit—the bit—to show three characteristics that mark it out as an object of ... More


The 1970s Fiscal Squeeze: Stagflation, Recession, Currency Crisis, and Political Crisis

Christopher Hood and Rozana Himaz

in A Century of Fiscal Squeeze Politics: 100 Years of Austerity, Politics, and Bureaucracy in Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198779612
eISBN:
9780191824661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779612.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter describes fiscal squeeze in an era of high political volatility and major economic challenges, including mass unemployment, a sharp increase in oil prices, double-digit inflation (i.e. a ... More


View: