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Networks, Diffusion, and Cycles of Collective Action

Pamela E. Oliver and Daniel J. Myers

in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251780
eISBN:
9780191599057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251789.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Uses simulation models to explore network mechanisms in diffusion processes and protest cycles. The network dimension is taken into account, focusing on three processes: information flows, influence ... More


The Worldwide Diffusion of Codes of Good Governance

Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra and Ruth V. Aguilera

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0015
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter goes beyond the convergence/divergence dilemma by analysing change in CG practice in terms of the adoption of some codes of good governance rather than as the adoption of one particular ... More


Geographic Range Expansion of Exotic Birds

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Once an exotic species has successfully established a self-sustaining population, it may spread beyond its initial point of introduction and establish meaningful interactions with species native to ... More


Stochastic Integrals

Tomas Björk

in Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199271269
eISBN:
9780191602849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271267.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the modelling of asset prices as continuous time stochastic processes. Diffusion processes and stochastic differential equations are used as building blocks to obtain the most ... More


Weak Convergence to Stochastic Integrals

James Davidson

in Stochastic Limit Theory: An Introduction for Econometricians

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774037
eISBN:
9780191596117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774036.003.0030
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The main object of this final chapter is to prove an essential companion result to the FCLT, the convergence of certain normalized random sums to stochastic integrals with respect to Brownian motion. ... More


Examples of Markovian processes

Melvin Lax, Wei Cai, and Min Xu

in Random Processes in Physics and Finance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567769
eISBN:
9780191718359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567769.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Consider two physical problems describable by the same random process. The first process is the radioactive decay of a collection of nuclei. The second is the production of photoelectrons by a steady ... More


Stochastic Analysis and Diffusion Processes

Gopinath Kallianpur and P Sundar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199657063
eISBN:
9780191781759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657063.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Applied Mathematics

Starting with the construction of stochastic processes, the book introduces Brownian motion and martingales. After proving the Doob-Meyer decomposition, quadratic variation processes and local ... More


Brownian motions on groups of matrices

Jacques Franchi and Yves Le Jan

in Hyperbolic Dynamics and Brownian Motion: An Introduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654109
eISBN:
9780191745676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654109.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter is devoted to (left and right) Brownian motions on groups of matrices, which the chapter constructs as solutions to linear stochastic differential equations. The chapter establishes in ... More


Stochastic Differential Equations

Gopinath Kallianpur and P. Sundar

in Stochastic Analysis and Diffusion Processes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199657063
eISBN:
9780191781759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657063.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Applied Mathematics

Stochastic differential equations arise in modeling physical phenomena, perturbed by random forces. Diffusion processes are solutions of stochastic differential equations and form the main theme of ... More


Regime Diffusion

Hans-Joachim Lauth

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0069
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While, initially, transformation research looked more closely at the endogenous causes, additional exogenous explanatory factors were introduced later, with a distinction drawn between intended and ... More


Extreme Values in Financial Economics: From Their Observation to Their Integration into the Gaussian Framework

Franck Jovanovic and Christophe Schinckus

in Econophysics and Financial Economics: An Emerging Dialogue

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190205034
eISBN:
9780190205065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205034.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapter 2 deals with the first empirical counterfacts observed in financial data: the statistical description of returns does not fit with a Gaussian distribution. Of course, financial economists ... More


Cosmopolitan Canvases: The Globalization of Markets for Contemporary Art

Olav Velthuis and Stefano Baia Curioni (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198717744
eISBN:
9780191787249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717744.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Public Management

This book brings together recent, multidisciplinary, cutting edge research on the globalization of markets for contemporary art. Focusing on different regions including China, Russia, India, and ... More


Magnetization switching due to nonlocal spin injection

Kimura T. and Otani Y.

in Spin Current

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199600380
eISBN:
9780191775062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600380.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses and presents a schematic illustration of nonlocal spin injection. In this case, the spin-polarised electrons are injected from the ferromagnet and are extracted from the ... More


Gaussian Approximation under Asymptotic Negative Dependence

Florence Merlevède, Magda Peligrad, and Sergey Utev

in Functional Gaussian Approximation for Dependent Structures

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198826941
eISBN:
9780191865961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826941.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Here we introduce the notion of asymptotic weakly associated dependence conditions, the practical applications of which will be discussed in the next chapter. The theoretical importance of this class ... More


Evo-devo

Tony J. Prescott and Leah Krubitzer

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

This chapter explores how principles underlying natural evo-devo (evolution and development) continue to inspire the design of artificial systems from models of cell growth through to simulated ... More


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