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## Networks, Diffusion, and Cycles of Collective Action

*Pamela E. Oliver and Daniel J. Myers*

### in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action

- Published in print:
- 2003
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780199251780
- eISBN:
- 9780191599057
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199251789.003.0008
- Subject:
- Political Science, Comparative Politics

Uses simulation models to explore network mechanisms in diffusion processes and protest cycles. The network dimension is taken into account, focusing on three processes: information flows, influence ... More

## The Worldwide Diffusion of Codes of Good Governance

*Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra and Ruth V. Aguilera*

### in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780199269761
- eISBN:
- 9780191710087
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0015
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter goes beyond the convergence/divergence dilemma by analysing change in CG practice in terms of the adoption of some codes of good governance rather than as the adoption of one particular ... More

## Geographic Range Expansion of Exotic Birds

*Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey*

### in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- September 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199232543
- eISBN:
- 9780191715983
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0006
- Subject:
- Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Once an exotic species has successfully established a self-sustaining population, it may spread beyond its initial point of introduction and establish meaningful interactions with species native to ... More

## Stochastic Integrals

*Tomas Björk*

### in Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- October 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780199271269
- eISBN:
- 9780191602849
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199271267.003.0004
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the modelling of asset prices as continuous time stochastic processes. Diffusion processes and stochastic differential equations are used as building blocks to obtain the most ... More

## Weak Convergence to Stochastic Integrals

*James Davidson*

### in Stochastic Limit Theory: An Introduction for Econometricians

- Published in print:
- 1994
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198774037
- eISBN:
- 9780191596117
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198774036.003.0030
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The main object of this final chapter is to prove an essential companion result to the FCLT, the convergence of certain normalized random sums to stochastic integrals with respect to Brownian motion. ... More

## Examples of Markovian processes

*Melvin Lax, Wei Cai, and Min Xu*

### in Random Processes in Physics and Finance

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198567769
- eISBN:
- 9780191718359
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567769.003.0003
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Consider two physical problems describable by the same random process. The first process is the radioactive decay of a collection of nuclei. The second is the production of photoelectrons by a steady ... More

## Stochastic Analysis and Diffusion Processes

*Gopinath Kallianpur and P Sundar*

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- April 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780199657063
- eISBN:
- 9780191781759
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657063.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Applied Mathematics

Starting with the construction of stochastic processes, the book introduces Brownian motion and martingales. After proving the Doob-Meyer decomposition, quadratic variation processes and local ... More

## Regime Diffusion

*Hans-Joachim Lauth*

### in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- March 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198829911
- eISBN:
- 9780191868368
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0069
- Subject:
- Political Science, Comparative Politics

While, initially, transformation research looked more closely at the endogenous causes, additional exogenous explanatory factors were introduced later, with a distinction drawn between intended and ... More

## Brownian motions on groups of matrices

*Jacques Franchi and Yves Le Jan*

### in Hyperbolic Dynamics and Brownian Motion: An Introduction

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199654109
- eISBN:
- 9780191745676
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654109.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter is devoted to (left and right) Brownian motions on groups of matrices, which the chapter constructs as solutions to linear stochastic differential equations. The chapter establishes in ... More

## Stochastic Differential Equations

*Gopinath Kallianpur and P. Sundar*

### in Stochastic Analysis and Diffusion Processes

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- April 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780199657063
- eISBN:
- 9780191781759
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657063.003.0006
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Applied Mathematics

Stochastic differential equations arise in modeling physical phenomena, perturbed by random forces. Diffusion processes are solutions of stochastic differential equations and form the main theme of ... More

## The GCM Validation

*Ilya Polyak*

### in Computational Statistics in Climatology

- Published in print:
- 1996
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780195099997
- eISBN:
- 9780197560938
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780195099997.003.0009
- Subject:
- Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In this chapter the observed and simulated (by the Hamburg GCM) Northern Hemisphere monthly surface air temperatures, averaged within different latitude bands, are statistically analyzed and ... More

## Extreme Values in Financial Economics: From Their Observation to Their Integration into the Gaussian Framework

*Franck Jovanovic and Christophe Schinckus*

### in Econophysics and Financial Economics: An Emerging Dialogue

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- December 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780190205034
- eISBN:
- 9780190205065
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190205034.003.0002
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapter 2 deals with the first empirical counterfacts observed in financial data: the statistical description of returns does not fit with a Gaussian distribution. Of course, financial economists ... More

## Cosmopolitan Canvases: The Globalization of Markets for Contemporary Art

*Olav Velthuis and Stefano Baia Curioni (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- April 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780198717744
- eISBN:
- 9780191787249
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717744.001.0001
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Public Management

This book brings together recent, multidisciplinary, cutting edge research on the globalization of markets for contemporary art. Focusing on different regions including China, Russia, India, and ... More

## Magnetization switching due to nonlocal spin injection

*Kimura T. and Otani Y.*

### in Spin Current

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- December 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199600380
- eISBN:
- 9780191775062
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600380.003.0021
- Subject:
- Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses and presents a schematic illustration of nonlocal spin injection. In this case, the spin-polarised electrons are injected from the ferromagnet and are extracted from the ... More

## Gaussian Approximation under Asymptotic Negative Dependence

*Florence Merlevède, Magda Peligrad, and Sergey Utev*

### in Functional Gaussian Approximation for Dependent Structures

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- April 2019
- ISBN:
- 9780198826941
- eISBN:
- 9780191865961
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198826941.003.0009
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Here we introduce the notion of asymptotic weakly associated dependence conditions, the practical applications of which will be discussed in the next chapter. The theoretical importance of this class ... More

## Evo-devo

*Tony J. Prescott and Leah Krubitzer*

### in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- June 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780199674923
- eISBN:
- 9780191842702
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0008
- Subject:
- Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

This chapter explores how principles underlying natural evo-devo (evolution and development) continue to inspire the design of artificial systems from models of cell growth through to simulated ... More

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