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Rawlsian Fair Equality of Opportunity

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines Rawls' account of fair equality of opportunity. Rawls argues that fair equality of opportunity requires not only ‘careers to be open to talents’, but also that those with the ... More


 The Second Principle of Justice

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the second principle of justice, which is made up of the opportunity principle and the difference principle. The difference principle and how it is meant to operate as an ... More


Evading the Demands of Justice?

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops and clarifies the institutional account proposed in the previous chapter by posing it against some of the important criticisms leveled against the institutional approach. ... More


A Transgenerational Difference Principle

Daniel Attas

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Can Rawls's theory provide a framework for assessing obligations to future generations? Extending the veil of ignorance so that participants in the original position do not know to which generation ... More


A Cosmopolitan Model of Global Justice: The Basic Framework

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops and defends a novel cosmopolitan model of global justice. The model includes the view that global justice requires all to be adequately positioned to enjoy the prospects for a ... More


Egalitarianism

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explores the consequence of taking Rawls' concerns about the strains of commitment to their logical extreme. If there is no external enforcement at all, so that all agreements must be ... More


Institutions and Justice

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter recounts the justifications for the institutional approach, arguing in particular that an institutional focus allows for a way of balancing the demands of justice and the legitimate ... More


Two Concepts of Fairness

John Tomasi

in Free Market Fairness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144467
eISBN:
9781400842391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144467.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers two concepts of fairness, starting the discussion by focusing on market democracy's thick conception of economic freedom in relation to social justice. Market democracy breaks ... More


Free Market Fairness

John Tomasi

in Free Market Fairness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144467
eISBN:
9781400842391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144467.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter defends a “market democratic” interpretation of justice as fairness that it calls free market fairness, with a particular focus on institutions. The discussion encompasses the difference ... More


When Patients Exit, What Happens to Solidarity?

Clemens M. Rieder

in Promoting Solidarity in the European Union

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583188
eISBN:
9780191594502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583188.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, EU Law

This chapter applies Hirschman's concept of exit, voice, and loyalty in order to analyze whether the EU healthcare framework meets the conditions of the ‘difference principle’ and, consequently, can ... More


Equality, Cosmopolitanism, and Global Justice

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the model of global justice developed in this book adequately reflects our moral equality and also can defensibly claim to be cosmopolitan. The chapter begins by considering ... More


Aggregate Autonomy, the Difference Principle, and the Calabresian Approach to Products Liability

JOHN B. ATTANASIO

in The Philosophical Foundations of Tort Law

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265795
eISBN:
9780191682971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265795.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

To illuminate and develop further the principle of aggregate autonomy, this chapter compares that principle’s defense of Calabresian theory with one that might be offered by Rawlsian analysis ... More


Is Modern Liberalism Compatible with Limited Government? The Case of Rawls

Michael P. Zuckert

in Natural Law, Liberalism, and Morality: Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243006
eISBN:
9780191697203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243006.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses John Rawls, a thinker who was responsible for the new egalitarian liberal theory. The discussion includes Rawls' book, A Theory of Justice, in which he presents a number of ... More


John Rawls's New Conception of the Problem of Limited Government: Reply to Michael Zuckert

Jeffrey Reiman

in Natural Law, Liberalism, and Morality: Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243006
eISBN:
9780191697203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243006.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses a defence of Rawls's theory against comments and criticisms made by Michael Zuckert. The first section in this chapter features an argument that Rawls' argument for the ... More


Rawlsian Self-Respect 1

Cynthia A. Stark

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A prominent element of Rawls's legacy is his uniting justice with self-respect. Indeed, Rawls appeals to the good of self-respect to justify several features of “justice as fairness” — the highly ... More


Economic justice and the democratic contract

Albert Weale

in Democratic Justice and the Social Contract

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199684649
eISBN:
9780191765063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684649.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Property rights can be a source of discord, but they are an important means of preserving collective interests. Democratic contractarianism requires that just property relations be grounded in the ... More


Veiled Deliberation

Albert Weale

in Modern Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198853541
eISBN:
9780191887963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853541.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Rawls’s theory of justice has been the centre-point of modern social contract theory over decades. Given the breadth and extent of Rawls’s work, there are many problems in treating the arguments in ... More


John Rawls

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the impact of John Rawls's A Theory of Justice on the liberal audience that took it up. In A Theory of Justice, Rawls offers a defense of civil disobedience that would make ... More


Private Law and Rawls’s Principles of Justice

Samuel Freeman

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190699260
eISBN:
9780190699291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699260.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the application of Rawls’s principles of justice to private law, or the law of legal relationships between individuals, including the law of property, contracts, and torts. ... More


A New Theory of Justice: Difference without Domination

Danielle Allen

in Difference without Domination: Pursuing Justice in Diverse Democracies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226681191
eISBN:
9780226681368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226681368.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In this chapter, the ideal of nondomination provides the core of a theory of justice that starts by repudiating the liberal habit of separating basic rights into positive and negative liberties. ... More


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