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Metal clusters

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The stability of metal clusters exhibits shell effects similar to that of nuclei. This chapter reviews how this feature is treated in the jellium model. The main focus is on optical properties ... More


Study Of Soft Modes Using Infrared And Optic Techniques

M. E. LINES and A. M. GLASS

in Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507789
eISBN:
9780191709944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507789.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Lattice vibrations which involve a fluctuating electric dipole have quite different properties from non-polar vibrations. In particular, they couple directly via the dipole moment to the radiation ... More


Electrodynamics of Metal Structures

Alexey A. Toropov and Tatiana V. Shubina

in Plasmonic Effects in Metal-Semiconductor Nanostructures

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199699315
eISBN:
9780191799433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699315.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter summarizes the fundamental facts and concepts of classical electromagnetism, applied in successive chapters to the consideration of the electronic plasma excitations supported by various ... More


Extended systems

Carsten A. Ullrich

in Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory: Concepts and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563029
eISBN:
9780191775130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563029.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter deals with the electron dynamics in extended systems; more precisely, three-dimensional periodic solids. It begins with a brief review of electronic band-structure theory, explaining the ... More


Conducting Materials

Alexey A. Toropov and Tatiana V. Shubina

in Plasmonic Effects in Metal-Semiconductor Nanostructures

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199699315
eISBN:
9780191799433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699315.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter covers the optical and electronic properties of available conducting materials capable of supporting plasmonic excitations. Described here are noble metals and polyvalent metals (gold, ... More


Quantum to macroscale and linear response

Sandip Tiwari

in Semiconductor Physics: Principles, Theory and Nanoscale

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198759867
eISBN:
9780191820830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759867.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on the properties associated with linear response. Reversibility holds in linear transformations. Schrödinger and Maxwell equations are linear, yet the world is irreversible, ... More


The Self-consistent Dielectric Function

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter develops an approach that includes electron–electron interaction, which is analogous to what one does in electromagnetic theory where the effects of the environment are incorporated ... More


Dynamic screening

B. K. Ridley FRS

in Quantum Processes in Semiconductors

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199677214
eISBN:
9780191760624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677214.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Electrons in a semiconductor undergo polar scattering due to charged impurities, piezoelectric modes, holes, other electrons, and optical phonons — all of which are susceptible to electrical ... More


Deep Impurities with Collision Delay

Klaus Morawetz

in Interacting Systems far from Equilibrium: Quantum Kinetic Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797241
eISBN:
9780191838743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797241.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The linearised nonlocal kinetic equation is solved analytically for impurity scattering. The resulting response function provides the conductivity, plasma oscillation and Fermi momentum. It is found ... More


Graphene

Norman J. Morgenstern Horing

in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198791942
eISBN:
9780191834165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 12 introduces Graphene, which is a two-dimensional “Dirac-like” material in the sense that its energy spectrum resembles that of a relativistic electron/positron (hole) described by the Dirac ... More


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