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Introduction: The Darker World

Zachary Shore

in What Hitler Knew: The Battle for Information in Nazi Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195154597
eISBN:
9780199868780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154597.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the ominous situation faced by Hitler's diplomats in Nazi Germany. It then discusses the purpose of the book, which is to examine how ... More


Trust and Violence: An Essay on a Modern Relationship

Jan Philipp Reemtsma

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142968
eISBN:
9781400842346
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142968.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The limiting of violence through state powers is one of the central projects of the modern age. Why then have recent centuries been so bloody? This book demonstrates that the aim of decreasing and ... More


Romania and the European Union: How the Weak Vanquished the Strong

Tom Gallagher

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077432
eISBN:
9781781702260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077432.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

According to this book, Romania's predatory rulers, the heirs of the sinister communist dictator Ceauşescu, have inflicted a humiliating defeat on the European Union. The book argues that Brussels ... More


After Military Rule in Latin America: Argentina, Chile, and Guatemala

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes the politics following Argentina's and Chile's last bout with authoritarianism. In spite of some important similarities between Argentina and Chile, military rule and the ... More


Market Integration and Fairness: Evidence from Ultimatum, Dictator, and Public Goods Experiments in East Afric a

Jean Ensminger

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

An analysis of the role of market integration and fairness in the responses of the Orma of northern Kenya in the Ultimatum, Dictator, and Public Goods Games is presented. The Orma are a ... More


Overview and Synthesis

Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin F. Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, and Richard McElreath

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

A summary is given of the results obtained from all fifteen field sites of the cross‐cultural behavioural experiments project reported in the book and comparisons are made between them. Two lessons ... More


Measuring Social Norms and Preferences Using Experimental Games: A Guide for Social Scientist s

Colin F. Camerer and Ernst Fehr

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The work of the cross‐cultural behavioural experiments project presented in this book is rooted in the logic of game theory and the practices of experimental economics, and this chapter provides an ... More


Dictators and Ultimatums in an Egalitarian Society of Hunter–Gatherers: The Hadza of Tanzani a

Frank Marlowe

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

It has often been suggested that the foundation for much human cooperation is the widespread food sharing observed among hunter–gatherers. To investigate this proposition, the study reported here ... More


War and the Constitution: Abraham Lincoln and Franklin D. Roosevelt

Arthur M. Jr. Schlesinger

in The Gettysburg Lectures

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195089110
eISBN:
9780199853830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195089110.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter gives a striking account of two American presidents who confronted national emergencies that demanded bold and preemptive action—Lincoln and Roosevelt. The chapter describes them as ... More


Julius Caesar: The People's Dictator

Luciano Canfora

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619368
eISBN:
9780748670734
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This book is a profile of an extraordinary man, and a new interpretation of one of the most controversial figures in history. Julius Caesar played a leading role in the politics and culture of a ... More


Caesar's Body: How to Turn Victory into Defeat

Luciano Canfora and Julian Stringer (eds)

in Julius Caesar: The People's Dictator

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619368
eISBN:
9780748670734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.003.0041
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The conspirators lost everything in the moment when they left the body of the dictator unattended and abandoned the idea of getting rid of it by throwing it into the Tiber. The Caesarians begin to ... More


The General's Slow Retreat: Chile after Pinochet

Mary Helen Spooner

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520256132
eISBN:
9780520948761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256132.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

The acclaimed book Soldiers in a Narrow Land went inside the brutal dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. Carrying Chile's story up to the present, this book now offers this account of how Chile rebuilt ... More


The Is and Ought of Sharing: The Equality Heuristic Across the Lifespan

Monika Keller, Michaela Gummerum, Thomas Canz, Gerd Gigerenzer, and Masanori Takezawa

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The chapter reports a series of studies comparing sharing behavior, moral judgment, and the negotiation of sharing in the dictator game, a nonstrategic fairness task in behavioral economics. ... More


4. 4. National Communism and Political Violence, 1945–1989

Mark Biondich

in The Balkans: Revolution, War, and Political Violence since 1878

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199299058
eISBN:
9780191725074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299058.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Communist dictatorship and policies, focusing particularly on the instrumentalization of nationalism, retribution, and memory. Far from ‘putting a lid’ on nationalism, all ... More


The Relatively Liberal Views of People from Catholic-Majority Countries: An Examination of Spain, Italy, and Brazil

Amy Adamczyk

in Cross-National Public Opinion about Homosexuality: Examining Attitudes across the Globe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520288751
eISBN:
9780520963597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520288751.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

The fifth chapter focuses on Spain, Italy, and Brazil. These nations all have strong Catholic histories, but they vary in the extent to which residents find religion important. The Catholic Church ... More


Dictators, Democrats, and Development in Southeast Asia: Implications for the Rest

Michael T. Rock

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190619862
eISBN:
9780190619893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190619862.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since 1960 only nine developing countries have succeeded in sustaining high growth. Dictators, Democrats, and Development in Southeast Asia examines how dictators and democrats in three of the ... More


Our Enemies

Robert L. McLaughlin and Sally E. Parry

in We’ll Always Have the Movies: American Cinema during World War II

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123868
eISBN:
9780813134840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123868.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines Hollywood war films' depictions of the Germans, Italians, and Japanese as the enemies of the U.S. during World War 2. Examples of these type of the films include Hell's Angels, ... More


Vespasian: The Emperor Who Succeeded

Holly Haynes

in The History of Make-Believe: Tacitus on Imperial Rome

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520236509
eISBN:
9780520929555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520236509.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter discusses the accession of Vespasian and also looks at how Roman ideology enters a new phase—that of superstitio—in which Roman society legitimates the princeps as a military dictator by ... More


Modern Sovereignty: Perversion of Democracy?

in Binding Violence: Literary Visions of Political Origins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763301
eISBN:
9780804774659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763301.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter suggests parallels between perversion, the castle's structure of political exception, and an aspect of modern political sovereignty that is usually thought of as a zone of power above ... More


Vargas Liosa's Appeal to History: Within and Beyond Latin America

in Binding Violence: Literary Visions of Political Origins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763301
eISBN:
9780804774659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763301.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines Vargas Llosa's The Feast of the Goat. The three stories in the novel offer a “total vision” of how Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina's dictatorial regime (16 August 1930–30 May ... More


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