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Influences on Ecosystem Function II: Historical Perturbations in Small Lake Basins

Wayne L. Hamilton

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Reanalysis of previously published data on trends in sedimentation rates over time in eight small lakes in the northern range shows variations associated with elevation and character of lake basin ... More


Given Enough Time …

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines James Lovelock's assertion that the Earth's atmosphere is a biological construct that is distinctly different from any expected abiotic chemical equilibrium. This claim can be ... More


Meadows and Deserts of the Sea: On the Elusive Concept of Ocean Productivity

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses ocean productivity, focusing on the factors controlling primary production. It describes the basic principle of nutrient cycling and estimates sea productivity based on ... More


Sea and lake ice

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Sea ice covers a significant area of the polar regions, particularly in winter. This chapter discusses the formation and nature of different types of sea ice. The biological makeup of sea ice ... More


We’re on the road to nowhere: An exhibition of molecules to transport us

John Emsley

in Molecules at an Exhibition: Portraits of Intriguing Materials in Everyday Life

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502661
eISBN:
9780191916458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502661.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The rays of the Sun, and the motions of the Moon and Earth, provide energy in abundance. Light from the Sun is absorbed by plants on land and algae in the sea and is used to convert carbon dioxide ... More


Phytoplankton: Diatoms

Alexandra Kraberg and Rowena Stern

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the taxonomy of diatoms, one of the most abundant and diverse (morphologically and genetically) phytoplankton groups. They are responsible for at least 25% of global carbon ... More


Freshwater ecosystems

Pierre Taberlet, Aurélie Bonin, Lucie Zinger, and Eric Coissac

in Environmental DNA: For Biodiversity Research and Monitoring

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198767220
eISBN:
9780191821387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767220.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 12 “Freshwater ecosystems” focuses on the study of freshwater organisms via eDNA analysis. It addresses the particularities of the production, persistence, transport, and detectability of ... More


Why is the Sea Blue?

Thomas N. Sherratt and David M. Wilkinson

in Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199548606
eISBN:
9780191917769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199548606.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

One answer to this chapter’s question is straightforward and based on high-school physics. The early SCUBA divers quickly discovered that if they took underwater colour photographs, even if they ... More


Why are the Tropics so Diverse?

Thomas N. Sherratt and David M. Wilkinson

in Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199548606
eISBN:
9780191917769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199548606.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Our opening quotation describes Charles Darwin’s first experience of tropical forest on 29 February 1832. He had been looking forward to this moment for several years. While completing his studies ... More


Into the Icehouse

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

The frozen lands of the north are an unforgiving place for humans to live. The Inuit view of the cosmos is that it is ruled by no one, with no gods to create wind and sun and ice, or to provide ... More


The Anthropocene Begins

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

What is the future for the planet, and for climate? Gazing into crystal balls is a pastime that humans have a fascination for. It is also one in which they have a dismal record. A generation or two ... More


Into the Lake—Deep

Peter Thomson

in Sacred Sea: A Journey to Lake Baikal

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195170511
eISBN:
9780197562208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195170511.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Dress warmly, hold your breath, and take a dive . . . You pierce the surface of Baikal at a soft angle and slip like the low rays of the high-latitude sun into a prism of liquid glass. The water ... More


Bio-inspired Synthesis of Oxide Nanostructures

Bruce C. Bunker and William H. Casey

in The Aqueous Chemistry of Oxides

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199384259
eISBN:
9780197562987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199384259.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

Nature is capable of building magnificently intricate and detailed structures out of otherwise boring materials such as calcium carbonate and silica. Anyone who has taken their children to see ... More


Aqueous Polymerization of Silicates and Aluminosilicates

Bruce C. Bunker and William H. Casey

in The Aqueous Chemistry of Oxides

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199384259
eISBN:
9780197562987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199384259.003.0022
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

Part Five of this book is devoted to silicates for several important reasons. First, silicates represent critical components of our planet and our lives. Silicon is the second most abundant element ... More


Why is the Measurement of Fluorescence Important to the Study of Biological Oceanography?

Charles S. Yentsch

in Ocean Optics

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195068436
eISBN:
9780197560235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195068436.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

What follows are my impressions of why the measurement of fluorescence has been and will continue to be important in biological oceanography. I will present some of the early history behind the ... More


Through a glass darkly

David Beerling

in The Emerald Planet: How plants changed Earth's history

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192806024
eISBN:
9780191916427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192806024.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Throughout this book we have encountered a varied cast of historical characters, who have pioneered the development of palaeobotanical thought over the past two centuries. Although the fascination ... More


Protoctista

Heinz A. Lowenstam and Stephen Weiner

in On Biomineralization

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195049770
eISBN:
9780197560068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195049770.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

This kingdom is denned by exclusion, in that its members are neither animals, plants, fungi, nor prokaryotes. They comprise eukaryotic microorganisms and their immediate descendants (Margulis and ... More


Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

Alex Maltman

in Vineyards, Rocks, and Soils: The Wine Lover's Guide to Geology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190863289
eISBN:
9780197559871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190863289.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

We are on more familiar ground in this chapter, looking at processes and materials found in the world all around us. Even the names of sedimentary rocks are well known–sandstone, shale, limestone, ... More


Ghosts in absentia

Jan Zalasiewicz

in The Planet in a Pebble: A journey into Earth's deep history

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199569700
eISBN:
9780191918216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199569700.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Historical Geology

One of the books that changed my perception of the world is The Open Sea, Part 1, by the marine biologist Sir Alister Hardy. He had set out to write one book about the sea, but found that there was ... More


Optics from the Single Cell to the Mesoscale

Andre Morél

in Ocean Optics

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195068436
eISBN:
9780197560235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195068436.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The inherent optical properties of a water body (mesoscale), namely, the absorption coefficient, the scattering coefficient, and the volume scattering function combine with the radiant distribution ... More


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