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The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Julie Spencer-Rodgers and Kaiping Peng (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The unprecedented economic growth in many East Asian societies in the few past decades have placed the region center stage, and increasing globalization have made East-West cultural understanding of ... More


The Dialectical Self: The Internal Consistency, Cross-Situational Consistency, and Temporal Stability of Self-Conception

Sylvia Xiaohua Chen, Julie Spencer-Rodgers, and Kaiping Peng

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Originating in East Asian epistemologies, naïve dialecticism gives rise to contradictory, ever-changing, and interrelated perceptions of all entities, including the self. It influences the self in ... More


Dialecticism and Mental Health: Toward a Yin-Yang Vision of Well-Being

Y. Joel Wong and Tao Liu

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Dialecticism, a cultural worldview commonly found in East Asian cultures, embraces the Taoist notion of yin (negative and passive) and yang (positive and active), which represents opposing elements ... More


Dialectical Thinking and Its Influence in the World: A New Perspective on East Asians’ Control Orientations

Joonha Park, Susumu Yamaguchi, Takafumi Sawaumi, and Hiroaki Morio

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

It is often assumed that East Asians, compared with Westerners, try to reshape their personal attitudes and expectations to fit the environment rather than attempting to influence realities. A recent ... More


Entitativity Perceptions of Individuals and Groups across Cultures

Saori Tsukamoto, Yoshihisa Kashima, Nick Haslam, Elise Holland, and Minoru Karasawa

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Cross-cultural differences in social perceptions pose an intriguing puzzle. East Asians, in contrast to Westerners, tend to have the view that individuals lack coherent and thematically consistent ... More


Dialecticism in Close Relationships and Marriage

Susan E. Cross and Ben C. P. Lam

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores how the cultural framework of dialecticism can be applied in research on romantic relationships. Using cross-cultural data from dating and married individuals, the chapter first ... More


The Yin and Yang of Attitudes and Related Constructs: Dialectical and Holistic Influences

Christine Ma-Kellams, Julie Spencer-Rodgers, and Kaiping Peng

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Much of the literature has examined how dialectical thinking influences the self, emotions, and well-being. How does dialectical thinking affect valenced evaluations of objects outside of the self? ... More


Dialectical Thinking and Attitudes toward Action/Inaction Beyond East Asia

Ethan Zell, Rong Su, and Dolores Albarracín

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Previous research has focused primarily on assessing dialectical thinking among respondents in representative East Asian and Western nations (e.g., China, Japan, South Korea, and the United States). ... More


What Is Dialectical Thinking? Conceptualization and Measurement

Julie Spencer-Rodgers, Elise Anderson, Christine Ma-Kellams, Carol Wang, and Kaiping Peng

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In the past several decades, research comparing dialectical and non-dialectical (“linear”) cultures has flourished, as have empirical studies on holistic versus analytic thinking. This literature has ... More


Dialecticism across the Lifespan: Toward a Deeper Understanding of the Ontogenetic and Cultural Factors Influencing Dialectical Thinking and Emotional Experience

Igor Grossmann

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Before dialecticism became a topic of empirical inquiry in cultural psychology, scholars in related disciplines had discussed dialecticism as a model of human development, as an essential component ... More


The Cultural Neuroscience of Holistic Thinking

Bobby K. Cheon, Rongxiang Tang, Joan Y. Chiao, and Yi-Yuan Tang

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Cultural diversity in patterns for understanding and conceptualizing one’s relationships with others may have led to diverse cultural systems for interpreting, thinking, and reasoning about the ... More


Trinity and the Doctrine of Election in Karl Barth

Brandon Gallaher

in Freedom and Necessity in Modern Trinitarian Theology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198744603
eISBN:
9780191805844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744603.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The problematic is explored in Barth, in whom it takes the form of a dialectic focused on the doctrine of Divine Election read in light of Christology. Bruce McCormack’s controversial reading of ... More


Trinity, Freedom, and Necessity in Karl Barth—A Dialectical Approach

Brandon Gallaher

in Freedom and Necessity in Modern Trinitarian Theology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198744603
eISBN:
9780191805844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744603.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The chapter discusses dialecticism; the potentia absoluta/ordinata distinction and divine possibilities; obedience in the Trinity; de facto/‘factual necessity’ or once God has determined a course of ... More


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