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Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Stephen Wilkinson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

To what extent should parents be allowed to use selection technologies (such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis) to determine the characteristics of their children? And is there something morally ... More


All in the Brain?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter focuses on the question of diagnosis of psychiatric disorders and examines the relationship between neuroscience and psychiatry from this perspective. Despite the penetrating gaze of ... More


 Preconception and Prenatal Decisions

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to women’s decisions about preconception counseling, preimplantation diagnosis, prenatal testing, misattributed paternity, and sex selection are presented. For ... More


Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Harry Chugani, MD (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Perhaps the most important achievements in the field of epileptology in the past two decades have been in the neuroimaging and genetic breakthroughs as applied to patients with epilepsy. Indeed, ... More


The Miracles: Diseases, Corpses, and Other Wonders

Jacalyn Duffin

in Medical Miracles: Doctors, Saints, and Healing in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195336504
eISBN:
9780199868612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336504.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

An exploration of the problems resolved miraculously. The vast majority are cures from illness. The diseases amendable to miracle cure change through time according to medical science. Some ... More


Conclusion: Religion, Medicine, and Miracles

Jacalyn Duffin

in Medical Miracles: Doctors, Saints, and Healing in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195336504
eISBN:
9780199868612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336504.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Until recently, modern physicians rarely were able to dignify the role of spirituality in health care by making it part of scientific study. Pastoral care may have always been welcome and respected, ... More


Subjective Probabilities in Medical Diagnosis

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that computer-aided medical diagnosis can become an effective and economically feasible tool through the routine use of appropriately obtained physician estimates of likelihoods. ... More


N = 1: Diagnosis in Unique Cases

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that there are actually two intellectual steps in diagnosis after data collection is complete. One is the judgment of the meaning of each individual symptom; the other is the ... More


Diagnosis and Treatment

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes how both humans and machines carry out the task of diagnosis, classically defined as the purposeful process of classifying cases. The chapter is organized into four sections: ... More


Love as an Analytic Tool

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book examines the evolution of the diagnostic category of autism as people have understood it in different places and times, with a particular focus on the importance of affect in biomedical ... More


Striving to Standardize Alzheimer Disease

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter considers repeated attempts at diagnostic refinement and standardization of Alzheimer disease (AD). It explores the difficulties of reconciling repeated mismatches between a clinical and ... More


Paths to Alzheimer Prevention

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the adoption in the 1980s of the clinical diagnosis known as “mild cognitive impairment” (MCI). Formal recognition of MCI, the value of which continues to be debated in some ... More


The Neurology of Autism

Mary Coleman (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book uses the tools of neurological analysis to address a number of major questions that have arisen in the study of autism. The answers it presents have important implications for the ... More


Imaging the Aging Brain

William Jagust and Mark D'Esposito (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The study of brain aging has been revolutionized through advances in molecular neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, and brain imaging. The application of new concepts and techniques has permitted ... More


Interventions and Control

Christopher Dye

in The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter considers a variety of tuberculosis control measures that can change the rates of transition between states of health. Without a better understanding of who is most at risk of infection ... More


The Early Detection of Alzheimer's Disease with Positron Emission Tomography

Rachel Mistur, Lisa Mosconi, Remigiusz Switalski, Susan De Santi, Yi Li, Lidia Glodzik, Miroslaw Brys, Wai Tsui, Henry Rusinek, and Mony J. de Leon

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Reductions in the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc), a measure of neuronal function, have proven to be a promising tool in the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). FDG-PET imaging ... More


Symptoms and syndromes of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter provides a typology of disorders of fear and anxiety — such as anxiety disorder, phobias including agoraphobia, panic, and social anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and ... More


Unresolved Issues In Family Psychoeducation: a critical assessment

Harriet P. Lefley

in Family Psychoeducation for Serious Mental Illness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340495
eISBN:
9780199863792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340495.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Children and Families

Although studies of family psychoeducation (FPE) have shown impressive effects, questions remain as to appropriate format and content, optimal duration, manualization, and cultural adaptation. Should ... More


Terminating Early Life

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter explores two issues related to terminating potential life: one is the temporary prevention of conception, and the other is the permanent control of fertility to avoid future pregnancies. ... More


Personalized Medicine and Integrative Neuroscience: Toward Consensus Markers for Disorders of Brain Health

Leanne M. Williams and Evian Gordon

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

In the emerging new paradigm of “Personalized Medicine,” the goal is to shift the treatment for brain-related illness from trial and error into a bull’s-eye. To date, much of the research in ... More


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