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Deviant causal chains

Erasmus Mayr

in Understanding Human Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The fifth chapter turns to the ‘mode’ of agential control which defenders of the standard model propose, which consists in an event-causal link between an appropriate mental state of the agent, ... More


Action as Settling: Some Objections

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores some possible objections to the idea that actions are agents’ settlings of hitherto unsettled questions—and considers the case for a deflationary compatibilist understanding of ... More


Agential Systems, Causal Deviance, and Reliability

H. Aguilar Jesús

in Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.003.0051
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents a plausible strategy, grounded on the proposal that the bodily movement corresponding to an action must be sensitive to the content of the mental state that causes it, for ... More


Desire and Intention

John Hyman

in Action, Knowledge, and Will

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198735779
eISBN:
9780191799754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735779.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Recent work on dispositions offers a new solution to the dispute about whether explanations of intentional action are causal, and shows that it seemed intractable because of a commitment to Humean ... More


Goal‐Directed Action

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Argues for a constraint on a proper theory of motivation – namely, that proper motivational explanations of goal‐directed actions are causal explanations. The chapter criticizes the thesis that ... More


Deviant Causal Chains

Scott Sehon

in Free Will and Action Explanation: A Non-Causal, Compatibilist Account

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198758495
eISBN:
9780191818394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758495.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It should be relatively uncontentious that we often give reasons explanations of human behavior that are teleological in form, and when a behavior is done on purpose, we can say that the agent ... More


Teleology and Reasons for Action

Bradford Skow

in Reasons Why

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198785842
eISBN:
9780191831164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785842.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A distinction is drawn between factual and non-finite reasons why. Teleological explanations, explanations of behavior in terms of goals, are then identified as answers to why-questions that provide ... More


What it is to Correctly Respond to Reasons

Errol Lord

in The Importance of Being Rational

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815099
eISBN:
9780191852916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815099.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends an account of what it is to correctly respond to possessed normative reasons. This view is intimately connected to my account of possession. When one possesses a reason r to X, ... More


The Content of I-intentions

Kirk Ludwig

in From Individual to Plural Agency: Collective Action I

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198755623
eISBN:
9780191816765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755623.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the logical form of sentences attributing intentions that take an infinitival (I intend to A) or sentential complement (I intend that p). The basic methodological principle is ... More


Achievements and Intelligibility: For Disjunctivism about Reacting for Reasons

Errol Lord

in The Importance of Being Rational

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815099
eISBN:
9780191852916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815099.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The type of view defended about correctly responding to normative reasons doesn’t fit nicely into the landscape of views in the philosophy of mind and action about reacting for reasons. This is ... More


Testimony and the transmission of knowledge. Welbourne: believing the speaker

Edward Craig

in Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238799
eISBN:
9780191597237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238797.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Considers the transmission of knowledge by testimony and the principle that if someone who knows that p tells me that p, I myself then know that p. When considered with the notion of the good ... More


Access

John Gibbons

in The Norm of Belief

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199673391
eISBN:
9780191751684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673391.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 7 is about the relevant notion of accessibility. Most internalists about justification think that the facts that determine justification and our rational requirements must be accessible to ... More


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