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Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission and Synaptic Plasticity

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Activity-dependent, long-lasting synaptic enhancement induced by neuronal stimulation, known as long-term potentiation (LTP), is not unique to the hippocampus; rather, it seems to be a fundamental ... More


Seasonal polyphenisms and environmentally induced plasticity in the Lepidoptera: The coordinated evolution of many traits on multiple levels

Paul M. Brakefield and Bas J. Zwaan

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Polyphenisms, for example in butterflies and moths, have been a constant source of inspiration to entomologists since well before Darwin's time. Initial attention from researchers was grabbed because ... More


Parental effects in development and evolution

Tobias Uller

in The Evolution of Parental Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692576
eISBN:
9780191774737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692576.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Parental effects — causal effects of the parental phenotype on offspring phenotype — involve many different mechanisms and occur at a variety of developmental stages, from the initiation of cell ... More


Ecological Approaches to Personality

Aurelio José Figueredo, Pedro S. A. Wolf, Paul R. Gladden, Sally Olderbak, Dok J. Andrzejczak, and W. Jake Jacobs

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the theoretical arguments and empirical evidence that individual variation in personality and behavior is shaped by a combination of: frequency-dependent niche-splitting, ... More


Introduction: Lamarckian Problematics in Biology

Eva Jablonka

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces a variety of issues in Lamarckian problematics in biology. It discusses the significance of developmental plasticity in evolution, epigenetic inheritance and genomic ... More


Evolution and Development

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The triad of genes, development, and environment is responsible for the adult phenotype of an individual organism. Developmental plasticity is the capacity to adjust the phenotype arising from a ... More


Perspective 1: Why Would Natural Selection Craft an Organism Whose Future Functioning Is Influenced by Its Earlier Experiences?

Jay Belsky

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

A focus on proximate determinants of human development is quite different, even if not entirely distinct, from ultimate explanations. This chapter discusses the “differential susceptibility” and ... More


Specialized Physiological Characteristics of Amphibia

Stanley S. Hillman, Philip C. Withers, Robert C. Drewes, and Stanley D. Hillyard

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Amphibians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198570325
eISBN:
9780191728259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570325.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter delineates the specialized physiological characteristics of amphibians, including anatomy and physiology of physiological processes of amphibians that have served as unique and powerful ... More


Ecological development as niche construction: How plasticity shapes the environment an organism experiences

Sonia E. Sultan

in Organism and Environment: Ecological Development, Niche Construction, and Adaptation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199587070
eISBN:
9780191814013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587070.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Developmental Biology

Individual plasticity can be seen as a type of niche construction, because it alters how the organism experiences a given set of external conditions. This chapter examines how, by means of plastic ... More


Choosing Environments

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Using utilitarian or cost-benefit thinking to assess possible large-scale social chagnes is problematic because it is unclear how to value the costs and benefits--in particular, because some social ... More


A Developmental Systems Account of Human Nature

Karola Stotz and Paul Griffiths

in Why We Disagree About Human Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198823650
eISBN:
9780191862267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823650.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We argue here that to understand human nature is to understand the plastic process of human development and the diversity it produces. Drawing on the framework of developmental systems theory and the ... More


Evolution and Medicine

Robert Perlman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199661718
eISBN:
9780191774720
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661718.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book provides an introduction to the new field of evolutionary medicine. Evolutionary concepts help explain why we remain vulnerable to disease, how pathogens and cancer cells evolve, and how ... More


Human Nature: A Process Perspective

John Dupré

in Why We Disagree About Human Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198823650
eISBN:
9780191862267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823650.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This sketch of an account of human nature begins with the claim that we should see humans as a kind of process, a life cycle, rather than as a kind of substance or thing. A particular advantage of ... More


Children of the Revolution: Childhood Health Inequalities and the Life Course during Industrialization of the 18th and 19th Centuries in England

Rebecca Gowland and Sophie L. Newman

in Children and Childhood in Bioarchaeology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056807
eISBN:
9780813053653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056807.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

The Industrial Revolution in England during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries resulted in rapid urbanisation and profound socio-economic change. Health inequalities between both rich and poor ... More


Calf Development and Maternal Rearing Strategies

Phyllis C. Lee and Cynthia J. Moss

in The Amboseli Elephants: A Long-Term Perspective on a Long-Lived Mammal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226542232
eISBN:
9780226542263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226542263.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter describes normative elephant development and, by extension, the capacity for the modification of behavior or developmental plasticity as a function of individual experiences over a ... More


An Evolutionary Framework for Understanding Human Health and Disease

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Medical practice and public health are primarily concerned with managing and preventing disease. This requires understanding of the determinants of individual phenotype and the factors that lead to ... More


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