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Developmental disorders and multisensory perception

Elisabeth L. Hill, Laura Crane, and Andrew J. Bremner

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents a review of research concerning multisensory processing impairments in three developmental disorders: developmental coordination disorder (DCD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ... More


What Neurodevelopmental Disorders Can Reveal about Cognitive Architecture: The Example of Theory of Mind *

Helen Tager‐Flusberg

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with an overview of the controversy surrounding the study of children and adults with neurodevelopmental disorders, and how these inform theories of neurocognitive architecture. ... More


Lessons from atypical development

Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael W. Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, and Gert Westermann

in Neuroconstructivism - I: How the brain constructs cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529910
eISBN:
9780191689710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529910.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents the notion of the developmental trajectory that reflects the normal processes of development unfolding under atypical constraints. It explores how development occurs in children ... More


Developmental Disorders and Evolutionary Expectations: Mechanisms of Resilience

Barbara L. Finlay, Jeremy C. Yost, and Desmond T. Cheung

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Every living organism can trace its lineage back to the unicellular organisms that first populated Earth. Humans are the descendants of creatures who have not only survived but successfully ... More


Prediction Error Minimization, Mental and Developmental Disorder, and Statistical Theories of Consciousness

Jakob Hohwy

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Jakob Hohwy seeks to recover an approach to consciousness from a general theory of brain function, namely the prediction error minimization theory. The way this theory applies to mental and ... More


Neuroconstructivism - I: How the brain constructs cognition

Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, and Gert Westermann

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529910
eISBN:
9780191689710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529910.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand ... More


Development, Music, and Social Contact

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines normal neonatal orientation to sounds as well as developmental disorders that affect musical sensibility, including Williams syndrome, a form of hypersocial expression coupled ... More


Brain imaging in children

Soo-Eun Chang and Christy L. Ludlow

in Speech Motor Control: New developments in basic and applied research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199235797
eISBN:
9780191696671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235797.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

During the past decade, many studies have been conducted on normal and disordered pediatric populations using brain imaging techniques once thought to be challenging for application in infants and ... More


Social Engagement in Williams Syndrome

Helen Tager-Flusberg and Daniela Pleas-Skwerer

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Unique insights into understanding gene–brain–behaviour relationships could be obtained from genetically based neurodevelopmental disorders, especially Williams Syndrome (WS), which is useful in ... More


Dyslexia: Looking Forward

Roderick I. Nicolson and Angela J. Fawcett

in Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140997
eISBN:
9780262280662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140997.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter provides a summary and retrospect of the analyses presented in the book. First, it discusses the comorbidity between different developmental disorders. It also outlines the definition, ... More


Development of Biological Motion Processing in Normalcy and Pathology

Marina A. Pavlova

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Visual processing of biological motion by living organisms is crucial for adaptive social behavior and nonverbal communication. Investigations of how the perception of body motion operates in ... More


The Puzzle of Williams Syndrome

Barbara Landau and James E. Hoffman

in Spatial Representation: From Gene to Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195385373
eISBN:
9780199979189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385373.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter poses the central question of the book: How can the absence of approximately twenty-five genes in people with WS cause the unusual cognitive profile of severely impaired spatial ... More


A neural network model of autism: implications for theory and treatment

Ira L. Cohen

in Neuroconstructivism Volume Two: Perspectives and Prospects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529934
eISBN:
9780191689727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529934.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter emphasises how models can be used to make predictions about how children with developmental disorders will behave. It describes a simple model of the learning styles and savant skills of ... More


The life course perspective: a framework for autism research

Michaeline Bresnahan, Traolach Brugha, and Ezra Susser

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Autism, a developmental disorder typically seen as a condition affecting children, affects individuals throughout their lifetime. The life course perspective has shifted the frame of reference for ... More


Tethering to the World, Coming Undone

Barbara Landau, Kirsten O'hearn, and James E. Hoffman

in The Spatial Foundations of Language and Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199553242
eISBN:
9780191720444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553242.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter examines the role of embodiment in the development of spatial cognition. Using evidence from normally developing children and individuals with Williams syndrome—a rare genetic deficit ... More


Reproductive and Developmental Disorders

Linda M. Frazier and Deborah Barkin Fromer

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes reproductive disorders and developmental disorders, with a focus on their recognition and prevention. Certain hazardous exposures at sufficient doses during preconception among ... More


Parenting Stress and the Child

Kirby Deater-Deckard

in Parenting Stress

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300103939
eISBN:
9780300133936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300103939.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the ways in which parenting stress affects children's behavior and development. It provides an overview of child illness, disabilities, and disorders that are linked to ... More


Blaming the brain

David Wastell and Sue White

in Blinded by Science: The Social Implications of Epigenetics and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447322337
eISBN:
9781447322351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447322337.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines how biology has been brought to bear in understanding forms of behaviour variously known as madness, mental illness or developmental disorder, culminating in the current ... More


“Mirror, Mirror, in My Mind”: Empathy, Interpersonal Competence, and the Mirror Neuron System

Jennifer H. Pfeifer and Mirella Dapretto

in The Social Neuroscience of Empathy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012973
eISBN:
9780262255295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012973.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Research in the field of developmental, social, and clinical psychology, and more recently in the neurosciences, has explored the mechanisms underlying empathy and interpersonal competence. This ... More


Developmental disorders

Risto Näätänen, Teija Kujala, and Gregory Light

in The Mismatch Negativity: A Window to the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198705079
eISBN:
9780191874192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198705079.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Developmental brain disorders, such as developmental dyslexia, specific language impairment (SLI), autism spectrum of disorders (ASD), and oral clefts, include perceptual-cognitive deficits of ... More


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