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The Intellectual Challenge of Morphological Evolution: A Case for Variational Structuralism

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores variational structuralism, whose core idea is that organisms and their parts play causal roles in shaping the patterns of phenotypic evolution. Drawing on the work of pioneers ... More


Digits and Digit Identity

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter investigates the evolutionary and developmental biology of digits, focusing on what these appendages can teach us about character identity and character origination. The idea that digits ... More


Regenerating theories in developmental biology

Thomas Pradeu

in Towards a Theory of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

The view that developmental biology does offer theories is defended in this chapter, on the basis of three main arguments. Firstly, several other biological fields routinely formulate theories, and ... More


Theories of development in biology—problems and perspectives

Alessandro Minelli and Thomas Pradeu

in Towards a Theory of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

This chapter introduces the main issues and themes of the volume. Though developmental biologists rarely mention ‘theories’ in their daily research, it is important to determine the role that ... More


Origins of metazoan body plans: the larval revolution

Rudolf A. Raff

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Bilaterian animal body plan origins are generally thought about in terms of adult forms. However, most animals have larvae with body plans, ontogenies, and ecologies distinct from their adults. The ... More


Capturing Processes: The Interplay of Modelling Strategies and Conceptual Understanding in Developmental Biology

Laura Nuño de la Rosa

in Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

While a processual view of biological entities might be said to be congenial to embryologists, the intractability and speed of developmental processes traditionally led to an epistemological abandon ... More


Darwin and the Illusion of Intelligent Design

Niall Shanks

in God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195161991
eISBN:
9780199835058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161998.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Darwin’s response to apparent design in nature, in the form of the adaptation of organisms to their environments, is examined. It is explained how his theory of evolution by natural selection is able ... More


 Coming to Terms with the Values of Science: Insights from Feminist Science Studies Scholarship

Alison Wylie and Lynn Hankinson Nelson

in Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308969
eISBN:
9780199867608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308969.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the role of feminist values in archeology and developmental biology. It considers two case studies that illustrate a number of kinds of constructive difference that (feminist) ... More


Reductionism and Developmental Molecular Biology

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the sudden success of molecular developmental biology will turn reductionism from an exercise in philosophical handwaving into “normal science.” It shows that before ... More


Human development, life course, intervention and health

Clyde Hertzman

in Epidemiological Methods in Life Course Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528487
eISBN:
9780191723940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528487.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter proposes three generic models of life course trajectories in health, well-being, and behaviour and learning skills, starting from the essential early life processes of physical growth ... More


Towards a Theory of Development

Alessandro Minelli and Thomas Pradeu (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

Is it possible to explain and predict the development of living things? And is the formulation of theories helpful to achieve this aim? This volume offers an in-depth examination of the role of ... More


Revisiting the Phenotypic Hierarchy in Hierarchy Theory

Silvia Caianiello

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The hierarchy theory at its onset was primarily committed to vindicate the distinctness of macro-evolutionary phenomena from micro-evolutionary processes, minimizing the explanatory relevance of ... More


Epigenetics and the “New Biology”: Enlisting in the Assault on Reductionism

Alfred I. Tauber

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0039
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter gives a brief historical overview of reductionism of both evolutionary theory and developmental biology. It argues that neither reductive methodology nor reductive epistemology seems ... More


Introduction

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Life on Earth began several billion years ago. The cerebral cortex of mammals probably arose from the primordial cortex of amphibians and reptiles some 300 million years ago. The evolution of the ... More


Individuation, Individuality, and Experimental Practice in Developmental Biology

Alan C. Love

in Individuation, Process, and Scientific Practices

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190636814
eISBN:
9780190636845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190636814.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Philosophical analyses of individuals in biology have focused on theories of individuality that derive from evolutionary theory, understood as a fundamental framework that governs all of biology. ... More


Transgenerational Epigenetic Inheritance

Eva Jablonka and Marion J. Lamb

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reports the case of transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. It concentrates on developmental biology, in particular on molecular studies of epigenetics, and on one specific challenge: ... More


What Is Biodiversity?

James Maclaurin and Kim Sterelny

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500805
eISBN:
9780226500829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500829.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In the life sciences, there is wide-ranging debate about biodiversity. While nearly everyone is in favor of biodiversity and its conservation, methods for its assessment vary enormously. So what ... More


Are There Really Informational Genes and Developmental Programs?

in Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The motivation for seeking a refutation of the claimed uniqueness of the gene in the causation of development is very strong. The details of attempts to refute genetic determinism by undermining ... More


Ontogeny and Systematics Revisited: Developmental Models and Model Organisms

Stephen Blackmore and Alexandra H. Wortley

in Beyond Cladistics: The Branching of a Paradigm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267725
eISBN:
9780520947993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267725.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This Festschrift for Chris Humphries provides an opportunity to reflect on how much has changed in systematic biology since the 1970s. Humphries, together with his longtime collaborator, Kåre Bremer, ... More


Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology

Alexander Rosenberg

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226727295
eISBN:
9780226727318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226727318.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

After the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953, scientists working in molecular biology embraced reductionism—the theory that all complex systems can be understood in terms of their components. ... More


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