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Natural Capital, Resource Dependency, and Poverty in Developing Countries: The Problem of ‘Dualism within Dualism’

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There are currently two types of ‘dualism’ in patterns of resource use within developing countries that are relevant to the problem of resource degradation and poverty. The first ‘dualism’ concerns ... More


Democracy and Elections

Richard S. Katz

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195044294
eISBN:
9780199854752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195044294.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book addresses the relationship between the different and often incompatible values of democratic theory and the electoral institutions used to achieve them. By analysing electoral systems ... More


Industrial Policy and Lessons of the Telecommunications Revolution

Eric Harwit

in China's Telecommunications Revolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233748
eISBN:
9780191715556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233748.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter proposes corollaries to basic industrial policy theory, ones based on the outcome of China's telecommunications transformation. It indicates a few points other developing nations should ... More


Developing Nations, Equal Protection, and the Limits of Moral Heroism

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Environmental Justice: Creating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152036
eISBN:
9780199833665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152034.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Using case studies focusing on how developed nations impose environmental risks on developing countries, the chapter reveals how the U.S. and other nations ship banned pesticides or hazardous waste ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Armed Violence, Natural Resources, and the Environment

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter examines how natural resource extraction and armed violence cause social and environmental harm. It first considers armed violence as one of several overlapping and mutually reinforcing ... More


Environmental Justice: Creating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152036
eISBN:
9780199833665
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152034.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Environmental problems do not affect everyone equally. Environmental injustice occurs whenever innocent people bear disproportionate environmental risks, have unequal access to goods like clean air, ... More


Taking Action: Public Responsibility for Environmental Injustice

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Environmental Justice: Creating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152036
eISBN:
9780199833665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152034.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Using case studies focusing on biased scientific research that helps promote environmental injustice, the chapter argues that there are both deontological and utilitarian ethical reasons for citizens ... More


“Three Worlds” versus the Three “D”s: Détente, Development, and Disarmament, 1970–1976

Jeremy Friedman

in Shadow Cold War: The Sino-Soviet Competition for the Third World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469623764
eISBN:
9781469625188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469623764.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter describes the Chinese reemergence on the world stage in the 1970s, particularly following their entry into the UN in 1971, and China's attempt to put itself at the head of a rising Third ... More


Trading a Livable World

David Ciplet, J. Timmons Roberts, and Mizan R. Khan

in Power In A Warming World: The New Global Politics of Climate Change and the Remaking of Environmental Inequality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029612
eISBN:
9780262330039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029612.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This introductory chapter discusses how our current response to climate change has been inadequate and inequitable. During UN climate negotiations, nations still talk about climate inaction. ... More


Introduction

Barry Barton, Catherine Redgwell, Anita RØnne, and Donald N. Zillman

in Energy Security: Managing Risk in a Dynamic Legal and Regulatory Environment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271610
eISBN:
9780191709289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271610.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter begins by discussing how people's reliance on energy made clear the importance of energy security. It then discusses the history of energy use, security, and imposed geopolitical risk. ... More


Regional and National Frameworks for Energy Security in Africa

Yinka Omorogbe

in Energy Security: Managing Risk in a Dynamic Legal and Regulatory Environment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271610
eISBN:
9780191709289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271610.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter focuses on the energy security in Africa. It describes Africa as blessed with abundant energy resources, more than enough to supply her needs. It adds that Africa is underdeveloped, with ... More


Introduction

Doron S. Ben-Atar

in Trade Secrets: Intellectual Piracy and the Origins of American Industrial Power

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100068
eISBN:
9780300127218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100068.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter presents an introduction to issues related to intellectual property. The battle over intellectual property has risen to the forefront of contemporary international contests in which ... More


What Development Is and What It Depends On: Where Socioeconomic Development Comes from and How It Can Make Us Happy

Grzegorz W. Kolodko

in Truth, Errors, and Lies: Politics and Economics in a Volatile World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150699
eISBN:
9780231521567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150699.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter discusses how there can be no development and growth without capital, but capital alone does not suffice for development. Other things—phenomena and processes—must happen simultaneously ... More


Managing Guest Workers

Philip Martin, Manolo Abella, and Christiane Kuptsch

in Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300109047
eISBN:
9780300129960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300109047.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter shows how economic instruments can align the rights and obligations of employers and migrants to keep guest worker programs truer to their purpose. It further explains how to minimize ... More


Energy Poverty: Global Challenges and Local Solutions

Antoine Halff, Benjamin K. Sovacool, and Jon Rozhon (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199682362
eISBN:
9780191762925
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682362.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This volume examines all aspects of energy poverty—lack of access to electricity, modern energy services, and mechanical power. Close to one quarter of humanity still lives without electricity or ... More


Breakdown in Pakistan: How Aid Is Eroding Institutions for Collective Action

Masooda Bano

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804781329
eISBN:
9780804781848
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781329.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Thirty percent of foreign development aid is channeled through NGOs or community-based organizations to improve service delivery to the poor, build social capital, and establish democracy in ... More


Conclusion

Manjari Chatterjee Miller

in Wronged by Empire: Post-Imperial Ideology and Foreign Policy in India and China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804786522
eISBN:
9780804788434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804786522.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The book concludes by showing how statements from leaders in India and China today still reek of victimization. Rather then emphasizing the fact that India and China were the victors in colonialism, ... More


Global Justice and Health: The Basis of the Global Health Duty

Jonathan Wolff

in Global Justice and Bioethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195379907
eISBN:
9780190267711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195379907.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter raises the question of the basis of global health duty to wealthy and developed nations—that they should make a concerted effort to provide medical care for developing nations. There are ... More


Globalization and Poverty

Ann Harrison (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226317946
eISBN:
9780226318004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226318004.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Over the past two decades, the percentage of the world's population living on less than a dollar a day has been cut in half. How much of that improvement is because of—or in spite of—globalization? ... More


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