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Thinking About Nuclear Weapons: Principles, Problems, Prospects

Michael Quinlan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199563944
eISBN:
9780191721274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563944.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book reflects the author's experience across more than forty years in assessing and helping to shape policy about nuclear weapons, mostly at senior levels close to the centre both of British ... More


The Choice of Rationales and the Social Meaning of Derivative Actions

Arad Reisberg

in Derivative Actions and Corporate Governance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199204892
eISBN:
9780191709487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204892.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter aims to analyse the theoretical rationales behind derivative actions, and to ask how they relate to our understanding of the social value and roles of the derivative action as a ... More


 An Assessment of Legal Liability as a Market‐Based Instrument

Kathleen Segerson

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the deterrence effect of liability, recognizing that the motivation for imposition of liability (particularly retroactive imposition) may instead be victim compensation or ... More


Deterrence

Michael Quinlan

in Thinking About Nuclear Weapons: Principles, Problems, Prospects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199563944
eISBN:
9780191721274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563944.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the meaning and functioning of deterrence, and its salience in the nuclear age. It recalls that deterrence nevertheless extends beyond nuclear weapons, and that an effective ... More


Fighting Crime Without Punishment

Randy E. Barnett

in The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297291
eISBN:
9780191598777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297297.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In a legal system based on pure restitution and self‐defence combined with enhanced reliance on several property and freedom of contract, the ability to effectively prevent crime rather than deter ... More


Justifying Coercion: The Problem of Punishment

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter begins with a brief characterization of punishment under law. The central claim is then made that punishment would be justified in a system of civil rights if (1) it prevents or at least ... More


Charles De Gaulle and the Nuclear Revolution

Philip H. Gordon

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Charles de Gaulle recognized from the beginning that nuclear bomb would have immense consequences although he continued to believe in the continuation of past patterns of great‐power conflict, war, ... More


Longing for International Control, Banking on American Superiority: Harry S. Truman's Approach to Nuclear Weapons

S. David Broscious

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Although Harry Truman embraced the idea of a ’nuclear revolution’, he also remained convinced that, despite this revolution, other environmental factors still held force – namely, international ... More


Stalin and the Nuclear Age

Vladislav M. Zubok

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Stalin understood the military and political significance of atomic weapons and directed all available Soviet resources to obtaining this weapon. However, he remained largely a statesman operating on ... More


‘War No Longer Has Any Logic Whatever’: Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Thermonuclear Revolution

Andrew P. N. Eardmann

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

For Eisenhower, it was nuclear weapons’ destructive potential, not the image of a protracted conventional war, that destroyed the ’logic’ of war. He believed that thermonuclear weapons made any ... More


Bear any burden? John F. Kennedy and Nuclear Weapons

Philip Nash

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Kennedy's reliance on non‐nuclear assets and flexible response overshadowed his reliance on nuclear weapons, just as his nuclear restraint eclipsed recklessness. This is not surprising in view of the ... More


Before the Bomb and After: Winston Churchill and the Use of Force

Jonathan Rosenberg

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Between 1945 and 1955, Churchill's attitude towards the use of force had undergone a dramatic transformation. In the period of the American nuclear monopoly, Churchill's views were largely consistent ... More


Between ‘Paper’ and ‘Real Tigers’: Mao's View of Nuclear Weapons

Guang Zhang Shu

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Mao Zedong originally saw a new China's struggle for security in terms of conventional warfare and in 1946 satirized the atomic bomb as a ’paper tiger’. Mao found it difficult to understand why the ... More


Rationales

Emilie M. Hafner-Burton

in Making Human Rights a Reality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155357
eISBN:
9781400846283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155357.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter considers the rationales used by individuals when committing and justifying human rights abuses—how they calculate, to the best of their knowledge, the advantages and disadvantages of ... More


China

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter relies on the best available English language sources to detail Chinese nuclear posture over time. China, like India, has persistently adopted an assured retaliation posture against its ... More


The Tools of Thinking

Michael Quinlan

in Thinking About Nuclear Weapons: Principles, Problems, Prospects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199563944
eISBN:
9780191721274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563944.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter notes that, beyond 1945, we have no direct evidence at all about the operational use of nuclear weapons and how conflict involving them might develop. This means that we have to rely on ... More


Conclusions

DINAH SHELTON

in Remedies in International Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207534
eISBN:
9780191708794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207534.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

One of the most important legal developments of the modern era, both nationally and internationally, has been the opening of avenues of complaint for private citizens against oppressive action by ... More


Framework for Decision-Making

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter presents a framework for assessing competition rules. An economic approach to limiting coordinated oligopolistic price elevation seeks to determine liability and apply sanctions based ... More


Sanctions

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyzes sanctions, concentrating primarily on deterrence. In many instances, reflecting current practice, the most important instruments are fines levied by government enforcers and, ... More


Detection of Prohibited Communications

Louis Kaplow

in Competition Policy and Price Fixing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158624
eISBN:
9781400846078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158624.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter considers the communications-based prohibition, which requires demonstration of particular behavior that not only is hard to identify but also is not well correlated with high deterrence ... More


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