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I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Maximilian de Gaynesford

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The central claim of this book is that I is a deictic term, like the other singular personal pronouns You and He/She. This is true of the logical character, inferential role, referential function, ... More


On determinacy or its absence in the brain

HARALD ATMANSPACHER and STEFAN ROTTER

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter analyzes the different ways to describe brain behaviour with the goal to provide a basis for an informed discussion of the nature of decisions and actions that humans perform in their ... More


The Interpretation of Acts and Rules in Public International Law

Alexander Orakhelashvili

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546220
eISBN:
9780191720000
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546220.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

There are frequent claims that the international legal regulation in one or another field of international law is uncertain, vague, ambiguous, or indeterminate, which does not support the stability, ... More


Conclusion

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in The Interpretation of Acts and Rules in Public International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546220
eISBN:
9780191720000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546220.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Given that the generalist element of international legal doctrine has been virtually silent on the problem and implications of the effectiveness and determinacy of international legal regulation, ... More


Conclusion: Constructing Content

Carolyn Price

in Functions in Mind: A Theory of Intentional Content

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242009
eISBN:
9780191696992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242009.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study about intentional content. The findings suggests that there are not intentional norms in nature because there are no biological norms in ... More


Referential Function (II)

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I fulfils its referential function in the deictic mode. Deictic terms fulfil their referential role by the action of making an individual salient. That is the genus to which ... More


Questions of Reference

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

‘Rule theory’, or the claim that a simple rule is sufficient to give the meaning of I, is a myth. Theorists have not shown that it is even possible to say what this rule is, what it means, what it ... More


Referential Function (I)

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The referential function of any singular term is to provide a positive answer to the question: ‘which individual is being spoken of?’, that is, to achieve determinacy of reference. What enables a ... More


The Nature of Vagueness: Humpty Dumpty Gets His Due

Stewart Shapiro

in Vagueness in Context

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199280391
eISBN:
9780191707162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280391.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides a simplified account of how vagueness arises in language and is manifested in the use of language. It is a commonplace that the extensions of vague terms vary with such ... More


A Start on Model Theory

Stewart Shapiro

in Vagueness in Context

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199280391
eISBN:
9780191707162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280391.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides a technical model theory, using the resources of mathematical logic, for vagueness in some formalized languages. The system has a similar structure to the supervaluationist ... More


Refinements and Extensions I: So-Called “Higher-Order Vagueness”

Stewart Shapiro

in Vagueness in Context

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199280391
eISBN:
9780191707162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280391.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Problems with the simplified account and some unnatural features of the model theory lead to refinements of the philosophical account, the model theoretic semantics, and perhaps the logic as well. ... More


Objects Revisited

Denis McManus

in The Enchantment of Words: Wittgenstein's “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288021
eISBN:
9780191713446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288021.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter returns to Wittgenstein’s proposals about ‘objects’ in order to reveal how they can also be seen as reflecting our failure to ascribe sense to the notion of the thinker ‘coming to’ or ... More


Determinateness, Stratification, and Revenge

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Does the presence of a transfinitely iterable determinacy operator re-create the difficulties with stratified truth theories? This chapter argues that it does not. It begins by pointing out the many ... More


What Is To Be Done?

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter sets the goal: a theory without excluded middle with ‘naïve truth and satisfaction’, that is, satisfying the full Tarski schemas and Intersubstitutivity Principle. A semantic framework ... More


Restitution's Realism

Hanoch Dagan

in Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Unjust Enrichment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199567751
eISBN:
9780191705267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567751.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, Philosophy of Law

This chapter describes the foundations of (significant parts of) the American law of restitution. It argues that this body of law can, and therefore should, be read as a contextual application of our ... More


The Essence of and Response to the Indeterminacy of Treaty Provisions

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in The Interpretation of Acts and Rules in Public International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546220
eISBN:
9780191720000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546220.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on a number of contexts where the policy-abundant indeterminate notions are included in treaties with the effect of impacting the rights and duties of States. These contexts ... More


Identity Facts (2002)

Nathan Salmon

in Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers, Volume I

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284719
eISBN:
9780191603235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284717.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

For any x there can be nothing y such that there is no fact that x = y and at the same time no fact that x ( y. For if there were, then y would differ from x in this respect: that there is no fact ... More


Higher‐order Logic Reconsidered

Ignacio Jané

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Second-order languages, canonically understood, allow quantification over all sets of objects in the range of the first-order variables. In this chapter two arguments are given against the ... More


Further cardinal arithmetic

Michael Potter

in Set Theory and its Philosophy: A Critical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199269730
eISBN:
9780191699443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269730.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The axiom of choice leads to a considerable simplification of the arithmetic of cardinals, but even so it leaves some questions in this domain unsettled. This chapter focuses on these issues. Topics ... More


The Structure of Positive Duties

Sandra Fredman

in Human Rights Transformed: Positive Rights and Positive Duties

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199272761
eISBN:
9780191709814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272761.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter demonstrates that it is artificial to distinguish between rights according to their correlative duties. All rights give rise to both duties of restraint and positive duties. It then asks ... More


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