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The Varieties of Activity Detectors

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

Metabolic measurements are sensitive to the activity level of the animal being measured. This chapter describes the various technologies available for recording the activity level of a study organism ... More


Unusual diffraction geometries

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Unusual diffraction geometries may seem a curiosity but may stimulate novel avenues of application. Not least they illustrate a diversity of diffraction‐measuring possibilities. Laue diffraction ... More


Gravitational Waves: Volume 1: Theory and Experiments

Michele Maggiore

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570745
eISBN:
9780191717666
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570745.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This book deals with all aspects of gravitational-wave physics, both theoretical and experimental. This first volume deals with gravitational wave (GW) theory and experiments. Part I discusses the ... More


Semiconductor Detector Systems

Helmuth Spieler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Semiconductor sensors patterned at the micron scale combined with custom-designed integrated circuits have revolutionized semiconductor radiation detector systems. Designs covering many square meters ... More


Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors

Sergey Ganichev and Willi Prettl

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528302
eISBN:
9780191713637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528302.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents high-power terahertz applications to semiconductors and semiconductor structures. It aims to bridge the gap between optics and microwave physics. It focuses on a core topic of ... More


Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Željko Ivezic, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

As telescopes, detectors, and computers grow ever more powerful, the volume of data at the disposal of astronomers and astrophysicists will enter the petabyte domain, providing accurate measurements ... More


DETECTOR SYSTEMS OVERVIEW

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter summarizes the contents of the subsequent chapters to provide a perspective before going into more detailed discussions. The basic functions of radiation detector systems are described. ... More


DETECTOR SYSTEMS

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses conflicts and compromises in detector systems and illustrates different design approaches in a variety of applications. After a discussion of general design considerations, ... More


Distributions of Simple Decision Latencies

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses the distributions of simple decision latencies. Topics covered include empirical distributions; discrete-time, information-accumulation detectors; continuous-time, ... More


Stellar-Mass Black Holes

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines stellar-mass black holes. The empirical study of black holes began in the 1960s with the discovery of quasars and the advent of X-ray astronomy. X-ray detectors could detect ... More


Physiology of disparity detection

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the physiology of processes devoted to the detection of binocular disparity. The discussions cover disparity detectors; disparity detectors in cats; disparity detectors in ... More


Results of Analyzer-Revealing Experiments

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes available evidence from the four kinds of near-threshold analyzer-revealing experiments presented in previous chapters — adaptation, summation, uncertainty, and identification ... More


The physiology of binocular vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the eye and visual pathways, the visual cortex, and midline interactions. It then covers disparity detectors, disparity tuning functions, types of disparity ... More


THEORY OF RADIATION MEASUREMENTS

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Radiation measurements from the surface, inside the atmosphere, and from satellites are essential for understanding the climate and monitoring its behaviour. The principles of such measurements are ... More


Practical aspects of data collection

Alexander Blake

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter analyzes the collection of data on a modern area-detector diffractometer, with respect to the contributory factors: characteristics of the X-ray detector, choice of radiation appropriate ... More


Basic instrumentation and experimental techniques

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter first gives the location of facilities for neutron powder diffraction. Constant wavelength (CW) and time-of-flight (TOF) diffractometers are introduced. The typical components ... More


Experimental Set-Up

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Particle physics at high energies would be impossible without powerful accelerators and high-resolution detectors. This chapter discusses the basic technological and physical principles used for ... More


Experimental techniques of luminescence spectroscopy

Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

in Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588336
eISBN:
9780191738548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Experimental techniques of luminescence spectroscopy take into consideration specific features of the field: very low level of the detected light and requirement of not-extremely high spectral ... More


MOLECULAR-BEAM DESIGN PRINCIPLES

Norman F. Ramsey

in Molecular Beams

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520214
eISBN:
9780191706325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520214.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Formulae useful for molecular beam designs are given including beam intensity, sources, attenuation by scattering, detectors (surface ionization, Pirani and other), resonance widths, single and ... More


MOLECULAR-BEAM TECHNIQUES

Norman F. Ramsey

in Molecular Beams

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520214
eISBN:
9780191706325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520214.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Many different techniques are involved in good experimental design, including those in standard text books on mechanical design, high vacuum, and electronics. This chapter concentrates on techniques ... More


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