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Marxism and Democracy

Joseph V. Femia

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279211
eISBN:
9780191713842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279213.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The collapse of the Soviet Union apparently sounded the death knell for Marxism as a blueprint for social change. Why has this doctrine—the repository of so many hopes and dreams—failed in its grand ... More


Assessing the Cosmopolitan Ideal

Claus Nielsen

in Justice in a Globalized World: A Normative Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593859
eISBN:
9780191731457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593859.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the practical implications of the cosmopolitan ideal of a just world order, and discusses ‘the guidance critique’ of this ideal: the claim that cosmopolitan theories are too ... More


 The Headmen of Te and the Heaven‐Appointed King

Charles Ramble

in The Navel of the Demoness: Tibetan Buddhism and Civil Religion in Highland Nepal

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154146
eISBN:
9780199868513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154146.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The case for civil religion is developed further by exploring the relationship between Te's institution of headmanship and Tibetan ideas of sacral kingship. Historical records point to the ... More


Tocqueville: The Aristocratic Sources of Liberty

Lucien Jaume

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152042
eISBN:
9781400846726
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152042.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Many American readers like to regard Alexis de Tocqueville as an honorary American and democrat—as the young French aristocrat who came to early America and, enthralled by what he saw, proceeded to ... More


The Limitations of Enlightened Despotism

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The forces of aristocracy, which in some countries in the 1780s prevailed over democratic movements, prevailed in others over monarchy itself. This chapter takes up a thread left hanging at the close ... More


Exclusion of the Ottoman Empire from the Family of Nations, and Legal Doctrines of Humanitarian Intervention

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the legal doctrines of humanitarian intervention that were developed in the second half of the nineteenth century. Drawing on nineteenth-century British and French writings, ... More


Lineages of Despotism and Development: British Colonialism and State Power

Matthew Lange

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226470689
eISBN:
9780226470702
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226470702.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Traditionally, social scientists have assumed that past imperialism hinders the future development prospects of colonized nations. Challenging this widespread belief, this book argues that countries ... More


Gender and the South China Miracle: Two Worlds of Factory Women

Ching Kwan Lee

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520211254
eISBN:
9780520920040
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520211254.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Yuk-ling, a busy Hong Kong mother of two, and Chi-ying, a young single woman from a remote village in northern China, work in electronics factories owned by the same foreign corporation, ... More


Internal Administration and Foreign Relations

Romila Thapar

in Aśoka and the Decline of the Mauryas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077244
eISBN:
9780199081073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077244.003.0019
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter describes the internal administration and foreign relations of the Mauryan empire under the reign of Aśoka. It explains that the establishment of the Mauryan state ushered in a new form ... More


Marxism and Despotism

Joseph V Femia

in Marxism and Democracy

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279211
eISBN:
9780191713842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279213.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The central thesis of this chapter is that Communist despotism was a logical consequence of Marxist theory. This ‘genetic’ explanation is contrasted with the ‘environmental’ explanation, which views ... More


Either/Or: Jacobi's Attack on the Moderate Enlightenment

Michah Gottlieb

in Faith and Freedom: Moses Mendelssohn's Theological-Political Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195398946
eISBN:
9780199894499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398946.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes of Jacobi's critique of Mendelssohn's moderate religious enlightenment. For Jacobi, the very structure of reason is inimical to freedom and undermines individuality since reason ... More


Montesquieu and the Despotic Ideas of Europe: An Interpretation of "The Spirit of the Laws"

Vickie B. Sullivan

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226482910
eISBN:
9780226483078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226483078.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Montesquieu’s Spirit of the Laws is famous for overtly associating despotism with Asia and the Middle East and not with Europe. A scholar on this basis might be inclined to term Montesquieu an ... More


Tutelary Figures from Malesherbes to Chateaubriand

Lucien Jaume

in Tocqueville: The Aristocratic Sources of Liberty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152042
eISBN:
9781400846726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152042.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The preceding discussions of Tocqueville's social and intellectual milieu show that his attitude toward that milieu was compounded by allegiance alloyed with dissidence. This chapter looks more ... More


Conclusion

Lucien Jaume

in Tocqueville: The Aristocratic Sources of Liberty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152042
eISBN:
9781400846726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152042.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. This book has attempted to show that what sharpened Tocqueville's perception of the ever-present perils of democracy was his ... More


Tales of the Seraglio: Turkey and Persia

Ros Ballaster

in Fabulous Orients: Fictions of the East in England 1662–1785

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199234295
eISBN:
9780191696657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234295.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter argues that the oriental woman in narrative accounts figures not only the enclosing and constraining power of despotism but also resistance to it. In so doing, she represents an axis of ... More


'Swounds Revisited Theatrical, Editorial, and Literary Expurgation

GARY TAYLOR and JOHN JOWETT

in Shakespeare Reshaped, 1606-1623

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198122562
eISBN:
9780191671470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122562.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

One of the abuses of players that are considered to be the most notorious to be imposed by the English Parliament is the ‘Acte to restraine Abuses of Players’. This legislation meant that actors were ... More


Alexis de Tocqueville

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter offers a reading of Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America, arguing that the book was not a philosophical analysis of the concept of democracy, nor a simple narrative of the ... More


“No Opposition Man Can Be Elected President”

Michael F. Holt

in The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161045
eISBN:
9780199849635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161045.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Convinced of Andrew Jackson's unpopularity in the spring of 1834 and concerned primarily with resisting the tyranny of the national executive, the Whig party's national leaders hoped to transplant ... More


Juan Manuel de Rosas: Argentina 1829–1852

John Lynch

in Caudillos in Spanish America 1800–1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198211358
eISBN:
9780191678189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198211358.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Juan Manuel de Rosas was too young to be a hero of independence and his career was built not on his war record, but on his role in post-war Argentina. Nevertheless, his curriculum vitae opened ... More


A clerical minister: Brienne, the bishops and the local assemblies

Nigel Aston

in The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

Loménie de Brienne dominated the government as king Louis XVI's Principal Minister and introduced a broad range of reform schemes intended to stabilise the state. Any assessment of this period cannot ... More


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