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Is There a Value Problem?

Jason Baehr

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

According to the ‘value problem’ in epistemology, any plausible analysis of knowledge must imply that knowledge is always more valuable than mere true belief. In this chapter it is argued that the ... More


Conclusion: AIR Compared

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Conscious Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195314595
eISBN:
9780199979059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314595.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter evaluates the AIR theory (attended intermediate-level representations) against the desiderata presented in Chapter 1. The AIR theory explains the subjective character by appeal to ... More


Child Soldiers and Accountability

Mark A. Drumbl

in Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199592654
eISBN:
9780191738807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592654.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers each of international laws lex lata, lex ferenda, and lex desiderata. Lex lata refers to current law which is settled. Lex ferenda means future law, aspirationally as it should ... More


Dualism and Archetype

N.E. Simmonds

in Law as a Moral Idea

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199552191
eISBN:
9780191701597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552191.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

From a certain perspective, law appears to be a morally neutral device that can be used for diverse purposes, deriving any moral properties that it might possess from its variable and contingent ... More


Evil Regimes and the Rule of Law

N.E. Simmonds

in Law as a Moral Idea

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199552191
eISBN:
9780191701597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552191.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Ron Fuller distinguished the ‘inner’ morality of the law from it's ‘outer’ morality, with a concern for the former tending to flow over into a concern for the latter, which was represented, by among ... More


Ideal and Experience

N.E. Simmonds

in Law as a Moral Idea

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199552191
eISBN:
9780191701597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552191.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Jurisprudence can only properly be understood in light of the possibility that moral insight might be derived from historically informed reflection upon our practices and institutions, yet even a ... More


Who’s Afraid of Supervenient Laws?

Lee Mcintyre

in Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190494599
eISBN:
9780197559666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494599.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

OVER THE LAST FEW decades there has been much debate in the philosophy of science over the attractiveness–and potential costs–of supervenience. As ... More


Hybrid and Austere Responses to the Problem of Error

Holly M. Smith

in Making Morality Work

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780199560080
eISBN:
9780191853210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199560080.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 8 explores the Austere and Hybrid Responses to the problem of error. The two types of response are described in both ideal and non-ideal versions. Both are found wanting, but the Austere ... More


Hellenistic Legend or Homeric Imitation?

Dennis R. MacDonald

in Does the New Testament Imitate Homer?: Four Cases from the Acts of the Apostles

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300097702
eISBN:
9780300129892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300097702.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter discusses the greatest desideratum for determining whether parallels between two texts are generic or mimetic—the existence of shared features that bind two texts together, traits not ... More


The Ascendance of the Austere: Further Arguments for Austere Realism

Terry Horgan and Matjaž Potrč

in Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083768
eISBN:
9780262275682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083768.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses and presents theoretical conditions that reinforce and further strengthen austere realism. A metaphysical-cum-semantic theory must meet certain desiderata before it can be ... More


Arthritis and Nature’s Joints

Neil E. Williams

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on the view that diseases comprise natural kinds and how this view is in conflict with the essentialist picture of natural kinds as championed by Kripke and Putnam. This ... More


Essential Structures of the Mind

Ron Sun

in Anatomy of the Mind: Exploring Psychological Mechanisms and Processes with the Clarion Cognitive Architecture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199794553
eISBN:
9780190460570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794553.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter, I introduce the basic framework (i.e., the relatively abstract conceptual-level theory) of CLARION, and briefly discuss the justifications for this framework. In a way, this chapter ... More


Towards an Account of Physical Computation

Gualtiero Piccinini

in Physical Computation: A Mechanistic Account

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199658855
eISBN:
9780191748158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658855.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces abstract (mathematical) computation, concrete (physical) computation, the question of their relation, and the problem of giving an account of concrete computation. Turing ... More


Public Policy and Superintelligent AI: A Vector Field Approach

Nick Bostrom, Allan Dafoe, and Carrick Flynn

in Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190905033
eISBN:
9780190905071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905033.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the speculative prospect of superintelligent AI and its normative implications for governance and global policy. Machine superintelligence would be a transformative development ... More


Introduction

Suzy Killmister

in Contours of Dignity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198844365
eISBN:
9780191879913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844365.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter opens by outlining the wide range of uses to which dignity is put, in both philosophical work and public life. These range from postulating dignity as the source of inherent moral worth, ... More


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