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Evaluating Group Outcomes Using Descriptive Designs

James C. Raines

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366266
eISBN:
9780199864027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366266.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

This chapter begins with the difference between independent and dependent variables. It then describes three types of research designs. It introduces six ways to collect data on students. These ... More


Analyzing and Interpreting Public Health Surveillance Data

Patrick S. Sullivan, Matthew T. McKenna, Lance A. Waller, G. David Williamson, and Lisa M. Lee

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter includes several new sections on inferential analysis of public health surveillance data. It provides a guide using a thoughtful approach to complex statistical analyses for the data ... More


n-Point Correlation Functions: Descriptive Statistics

P. J. E. Peebles

in The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209838
eISBN:
9780691206714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209838.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores the statistical pattern of the galaxy distribution. It focuses on n-point correlation functions (analogs of the autocorrelation function and higher moments for a continuous ... More


Learn about R and Write First Toy Programs

Quan Li

in Using R for Data Analysis in Social Sciences: A Research Project-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190656218
eISBN:
9780190656256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656218.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This first chapter provides an overview of the steps for completing a research project, offers a one-paragraph introduction to R, shows how to install R and its add-on packages, mentions how to get ... More


“Fourth Floor”: Mixed Methods Data Analysis

Daphne C. Watkins and Deborah Gioia

in Mixed Methods Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199747450
eISBN:
9780190266240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747450.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter covers the final three steps of the nine-step process for conducting mixed methods research in social work. It begins by describing how to prepare qualitative and quantitative data for ... More


Introduction to Statistics and Probability Theory

Magy Seif El-Nasr, Truong Huy Nguyen Dinh, Alessandro Canossa, and Anders Drachen

in Game Data Science

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780192897879
eISBN:
9780191919466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897879.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction, Game Studies

This chapter introduces the basics of statistics and probability theory that will be used throughout the book. Specifically, it introduces the concepts behind descriptive statistics, including ... More


Descriptive Statistical Methods

Karen A. Randolph and Laura L. Myers

in Basic Statistics in Multivariate Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199764044
eISBN:
9780199332533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764044.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 2 provides a review of descriptive statistical methods commonly used in social science research. First, the authors consider the steps involved in defining the variables used in a study, and ... More


Descriptive Analysis

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

Descriptive statistics allow researchers to use numbers to begin to tell the stories that exist in their data. This chapter presents an overview of the basic statistical tools researchers can use to ... More


Descriptive statistics

Aaron Williamon, Jane Ginsborg, Rosie Perkins, and George Waddell

in Performing Music Research: Methods in Music Education, Psychology, and Performance Science

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198714545
eISBN:
9780191883071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714545.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Music Psychology

Chapter 10 of Performing Music Research sets out the fundamental principles that underpin all statistics. Statistics must be used with care, and strict conditions govern their deployment, many of ... More


Classical Statistics

James B. Elsner and Thomas H. Jagger

in Hurricane Climatology: A Modern Statistical Guide Using R

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199827633
eISBN:
9780197563199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199827633.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

All hurricanes are different. Statistics helps you characterize hurricanes from the typical to the extreme. In this chapter, we provide an introduction to classical (or frequentist) statistics. To ... More


Shaping the Unruly Statistician

Theodore M. Porter

in History of Universities: Volume XXXIV/1: A Global History of Research Education: Disciplines, Institutions, and Nations, 1840-1950

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192844774
eISBN:
9780191933349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192844774.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Statistics achieved something like disciplinary status in universities as a mathematical and methodological field during the first half of the twentieth century. Yet the experience of statistics ... More


Results and Discussion

Ulrich Frey

in Sustainable Governance of Natural Resources: Uncovering Success Patterns with Machine Learning

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197502211
eISBN:
9780197502242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197502211.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents the modeling results and their interpretation. First, the synthesis of success factors from existing success factor syntheses is developed and theoretically motivated. Then, the ... More


Descriptive Statistics for ADHD Individuals

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter presents descriptive statistics about two patient groups. The areas shown are: family background, labour-market attainment, criminal history, traffic accidents, childhood outcomes, family ... More


Appendix

Ulrich Frey

in Sustainable Governance of Natural Resources: Uncovering Success Patterns with Machine Learning

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197502211
eISBN:
9780197502242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197502211.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter contains supplementary information on all parts of the book. It includes the description how variables have been recoded, and the expert evaluation results on the relevance of the ... More


Hurricanes, Climate, and Statistics

James B. Elsner and Thomas H. Jagger

in Hurricane Climatology: A Modern Statistical Guide Using R

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199827633
eISBN:
9780197563199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199827633.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

This book is about hurricanes, climate, and statistics. These topics may not seem related. Hurricanes are violent winds and flooding rains, climate is about weather conditions from the past, and ... More


Model Data

Kai R. Larsen and Daniel S. Becker

in Automated Machine Learning for Business

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190941659
eISBN:
9780197601495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190941659.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Innovation

After preparing your dataset, the business problem should be quite familiar, along with the subject matter and the content of the dataset. This section is about modeling data, using data to train ... More


Summary of Private and Social Costs of ADHD

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter presents a summary of the entire book. It is written for readers who may not have time for more intensive reading, such as policy makers. The chapter gives a presentation of the ... More


Testing the Relations between Political Settlements, Conflict, and Development: A Large-N Analysis

Tim Kelsall, Nicolai Schulz, William D. Ferguson, Matthias vom Hau, Sam Hickey, and Brian Levy

in Political Settlements and Development: Theory, Evidence, Implications

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
June 2022
ISBN:
9780192848932
eISBN:
9780191944208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192848932.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter bolsters the external validity of the authors’ findings by subjecting them to large-N analysis, using the 2,718 country-years in their forty-two-country dataset, helping to address some ... More


Varying Understandings of Democracy in the Contemporary World

Jie Lu

in Understandings of Democracy: Origins and Consequences Beyond Western Democracies

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197570401
eISBN:
9780197570432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197570401.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents systematic descriptive evidence on the status of popular conceptions of democracy in today’s world, using GBS II data from seventy-one societies. To make the descriptive ... More


Making deeper insights part 1: Working with single variables

Owen L. Petchey, Andrew P. Beckerman, Natalie Cooper, and Dylan Z. Childs

in Insights from Data with R: An Introduction for the Life and Environmental Sciences

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198849810
eISBN:
9780191884351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198849810.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Data analysis is not just about physically performing the analyses. We also need to think carefully about our data, and various issues that they might have. In this chapter, we explore conceptual ... More


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