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Proto-Indo-European

Don Ringe

in A History of English: From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284139
eISBN:
9780191712562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Indo-European. It describes the phonology of the language, including the system of surface contrasts; peculiarities of subsystems and individual ... More


Combine

Edwin Williams

in The Theta System: Argument Structure at the Interface

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602513
eISBN:
9780191739200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602513.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

Head Raising and Affix Hopping are combined into one parameterized operation, Combine, which subsumes Merge as well, and the boundary between syntax and morphosyntax is dissolved. Mirroring of ... More


Proto-Germanic

Don Ringe

in A History of English: From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284139
eISBN:
9780191712562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Germanic, parallel to the sketch of Proto-Indo-European in Chapter 2. The section on phonology discusses the Verner’s Law alternation; automatic vocalic ... More


Language Universals and Usage-Based Theory

Joan Bybee

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses the usage-based theory of language. It argues that from this perspective there are very few synchronic universals in the sense of features that can be found in all languages. ... More


Studies on the linguistics of names

John M. Anderson

in The Grammar of Names

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297412
eISBN:
9780191711176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Treatment of the meaning of names by linguists is very much influenced by work in philosophy, with some of them adopting sometimes rather crude forms of descriptivism (Jespersen, Sørensen), and ... More


The monotonicity hypothesis

Andrew Koontz-Garboden

in Telicity, Change, and State: A Cross-Categorial View of Event Structure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693498
eISBN:
9780191741715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693498.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter addresses the issue of what are possible and impossible word formation operations from a semantic perspective, exploring the Monotonicity Hypothesis, the idea, itself a consequence of ... More


Clitics of Italian verbi procomplementari: What are they?

Cinzia Russi

in Morphological Autonomy: Perspectives From Romance Inflectional Morphology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589982
eISBN:
9780191728884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589982.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter investigates the morpho‐syntactic value and morphological status of obligatory clitics like la found in verbs as farla ‘deceive someone’ vis‐à‐vis Italian canonical object pronoun ... More


Conclusion

Timothy J. O’Donnell

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter provides a short overview of the entire book.


Signal and Noise

Charles Yang

in The Price of Linguistic Productivity: How Children Learn to Break the Rules of Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035323
eISBN:
9780262336376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035323.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A very detailed study of the acquisition of English inflectional morphology and derivational morphology (nominalization). How, and when, children learn the regular and irregular past tense rules of ... More


Derived Forms

Philip Burton

in The Old Latin Gospels: A Study of their Texts and Language

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269885
eISBN:
9780191600449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269889.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

An analysis of the use of derivational morphology and of so‐called ’abstract nouns’ as a translation feature of the Old Latin Gospels. It is suggested that these are due in part to a desire for ... More


Extending the Typology I: Predicativization

Neil Myler

in Building and Interpreting Possession Sentences

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034913
eISBN:
9780262336130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034913.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Stassen (2009) points out a set of possession constructions in which the possessee appears as the predicate in a copular construction. In these constructions, the possessee appears to be marked by a ... More


Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Timothy J. O'Donnell

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Language allows us to express and comprehend an unbounded number of thoughts. This fundamental and much-celebrated property is made possible by a division of labor between a large inventory of stored ... More


Derivational morphology

Franz Rainer

in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199677108
eISBN:
9780191808821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677108.003.0028
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Historical Linguistics

This chapter surveys some of the principal aspects of Romance derivational morphology. It covers the distribution, morphophonology, semantics, transparency and productivity of the major prefixes, ... More


Proto-Indo-European

Don Ringe

in From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198792581
eISBN:
9780191834578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792581.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Indo-European. It describes the phonology of the language, including the system of surface contrasts; peculiarities of subsystems and individual ... More


The Latin third stem and its survival in Romance

Martin Maiden

in The Romance Verb: Morphomic Structure and Diachrony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199660216
eISBN:
9780191800375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199660216.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Language Families

The implications of Aronoff’s classic example of a morphome—the Latin third stem—for the history of the Romance languages are considered; the third stem is shown to persist in Romance in the form of ... More


Derived Nominals

John Bowers

in Arguments as Relations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014311
eISBN:
9780262289252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014311.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter extends the theory of argument structure proposed earlier to derived nominals and shows that, despite differences between sentential and nominal structures, both feature the same basic ... More


Proto-Germanic

Don Ringe

in From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198792581
eISBN:
9780191834578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792581.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Germanic, parallel to the sketch of Proto-Indo-European in Chapter 2. The section on phonology discusses the Verner’s Law alternation; automatic vocalic ... More


The Lexical Semantics of the Arabic Verb

Peter John Glanville

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198792734
eISBN:
9780191834691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198792734.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This book is an investigation of Arabic derivational morphology that focuses on the relationship between verb meaning and linguistic form. Beginning with the ground form, the book offers a ... More


A grammatical sketch of Proto-West Germanic

Don Ringe and Ann Taylor

in The Development of Old English

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199207848
eISBN:
9780191779763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207848.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter is a brief description of the phonology and morphology of Proto-West Germanic, as well as of several dialect divisions that already existed in that prehistoric speech community; it is ... More


The medieval Hispano-Romance lexicon

Steven N. Dworkin

in A Guide to Old Spanish

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780199687312
eISBN:
9780191767081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199687312.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter examines the lexicon of Old Spanish. It first surveys the dictionaries and other lexical resources available to the student of the medieval language, before going on to describe briefly ... More


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